With a brief description of the physical setting and institutional history of the Australian water sector, this paper reviews the water institutional reforms in Australia focusing especially on the nature and extent of reforms initiated since 1995 and provides a few case studies to highlight the issues and challenges in effecting changes in some key reform components. The reforms initiated in 1995 are notable for their comprehensiveness, fiscal incentives and clear and time-bound targets to be achieved. Although water institutions in Australia have undergone remarkable changes, thanks to the reforms, there are still issues and challenges inherent in reforming maturing water institutions. Regional diversity in legal systems and quality standards as well as conflicts between private interest and public welfare are still serious to constraining market-based water allocation and management. While Australia still needs further reforms, its recent reform experience provides considerable insights into the understanding of both the theory and the practice of water institutional reforms.
Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study
Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water supply, as well as the addition of chlorine for final disinfection. Optimizing water treatment to reduce the risk of...
Making your drinking water safe with biological water treatment
As society becomes more environmentally conscious, it is important that your community is provided with its natural necessities in an eco-friendly manner. One of these natural necessities includes adequate drinking water. Many companies use chemical treatment methods to help cleanse and purify water resources, but such methods are often at the expense of your local environment. Some water companies have discovered a new water treatment system known as thebiological water treatment solution. These solutions are...
The 5 Benefits of Professional Arsenic Removal from Water
It is a sad and scary truth, but many homes have arsenic in their water systems. High levels of arsenic can be dangerous to you, your family, your pets, and the property you inhabit. Do not panic, though. Simply research an arsenic filtration system. There are many advanced methods that can be used to remove arsenic from water. Arsenic in water removal is completely affordable and safe.Below are the top 5 benefits of investing in devices or systems that can filter arsenic out of your water supply. Notes about...
How Installing Arsenic Drinking Water Treatment Can Save Your Life
Arsenic is an element so associated with its toxicity and harmful effects on the human body that the word itself is often used for any kind of general poison. While the exact ways that exposure to the metalloid attacks various organs and systems is still not fully understood, studies throughout the scientific community are continually determining that ingesting arsenic through drinking water can cause a wide range of diseases and illnesses, often leading to death. Arsenic can enter water sources naturally...
What is an Ion Exchange System and How Does it Work?
Ion exchange (IX) systems are used across a variety of industries for water softening, purification, and separation purposes. While the chemistry of individual ion exchange reactions vary from one application to the next, IX is a treatment process where dissolved ions are replaced by other, more desirable, ions of a similar electrical charge. If you’re wondering whether IX is right for your facility, you might be asking “What is an ion exchange system and how does it work?” The following...