With a brief description of the physical setting and institutional history of the Australian water sector, this paper reviews the water institutional reforms in Australia focusing especially on the nature and extent of reforms initiated since 1995 and provides a few case studies to highlight the issues and challenges in effecting changes in some key reform components. The reforms initiated in 1995 are notable for their comprehensiveness, fiscal incentives and clear and time-bound targets to be achieved. Although water institutions in Australia have undergone remarkable changes, thanks to the reforms, there are still issues and challenges inherent in reforming maturing water institutions. Regional diversity in legal systems and quality standards as well as conflicts between private interest and public welfare are still serious to constraining market-based water allocation and management. While Australia still needs further reforms, its recent reform experience provides considerable insights into the understanding of both the theory and the practice of water institutional reforms.
Eco-Friendly Thinking: Heating Your Home and Water With Biomass Fuel and Appliances
With today’s struggles with carbon footprints, pollution, and finite energy sources, people are becomingmore environmentally conscious. And if you’re thinking of transforming your home into a more eco-friendlystructure, there’s a lot to consider.If you want to stray from your oil, gas, or electric heating system, consider investing in a biomassheating system for a more natural alternative. Doing so can help you minimize your contribution to pollution.For more information about biomass heating...
‘Smart’ flood alleviation system protects Portsmouth
In late 2014, Southern Water completed a major project to reduce the risk of sewer flooding in parts of Portsmouth and Southsea. Substantial works were undertaken to divert runoff and tidal ingress, and a ‘smart’ hydrometeorological monitoring system was installed to enable prompt diversion of excess water during periods of high rainfall. Sewer level monitoring is undertaken in real-time and intelligent raingauges (smart sensors) combine with radio telemetry to inform a computer based catchment-wide...
How Do You Know If You Need a Cooling Tower Water Treatment System for Your Plant?
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How to Increase Your Industrial Cooling Tower Efficiency
Although cooling towers are generally some of the most cost-effective cooling mechanisms as compared to other cooling technologies (such as many dry air cooling systems), it is still important to monitor your industrial cooling tower efficiency and run itas seamlessly as possible. This will ensure your facility can: Save energy Reduce the amount of water being consumed Decrease the amount of chemicals required for water treatment Extend the equipment service life Reduce operating costs, overall But how...
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