With a brief description of the physical setting and institutional history of the Australian water sector, this paper reviews the water institutional reforms in Australia focusing especially on the nature and extent of reforms initiated since 1995 and provides a few case studies to highlight the issues and challenges in effecting changes in some key reform components. The reforms initiated in 1995 are notable for their comprehensiveness, fiscal incentives and clear and time-bound targets to be achieved. Although water institutions in Australia have undergone remarkable changes, thanks to the reforms, there are still issues and challenges inherent in reforming maturing water institutions. Regional diversity in legal systems and quality standards as well as conflicts between private interest and public welfare are still serious to constraining market-based water allocation and management. While Australia still needs further reforms, its recent reform experience provides considerable insights into the understanding of both the theory and the practice of water institutional reforms.
Installing water wells around septic systems subject of October Water Well Journal article
An article in the Water Well Journal® October 2017 issue focuses on everything there is to know when installing water wells on properties with septic systems. In “Rules of Thumb,” freelance writer William Wager states three things are critical: knowing your codes, expecting the unexpected, and drilling the well properly. In a sidebar, he adds 10 pieces of advice contractors should share with homeowners to help make certain their well system is protected from septic influence. NGWA also has a...
Solar Power Plant Recycles Blowdown Water to Save Fresh Water - Case Study
PROJECT DETAILSLOCATIONAshalim, IsraelCUSTOMERGE-Alstom, Israeli GovernmentSOLUTIONCooling tower wastewater treatment systemTECHNOLOGIESContainerized Systems Featuring Automatic Disc Filtration and Ultrafiltration, Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis, Gas Transfer Membranes, Continuous Electrodeionization The new Ashalim solar power plant in the Israeli Negev desert relies on local fresh water sources for its cooling-tower make-up water. The Israeli government was looking for a solution that would enable the reuse of...
Sustainable Solutions for Italian Biochemical Plant - Case Study
PROJECT DETAILS LOCATION Adria, Italy CUSTOMER Mater-Biotech (Novamont Group) SOLUTION Well-Water Potabilization, Wastewater Treatment, Waste-to-Energy TECHNOLOGIES Air Scrubber, Sand Filtration, Double-Stage Nitrification-Denitrification, Membrane Bioreactor, CSTR Anaerobic Digester When Italian biochemical company Mater-Biotech, a subsidiary of Novamont, bought an existing facility and was refurbishing and expanding it, it looked to Fluence to design and implement multiple solutions for its water and...
Removing Inorganic Contaminants with Arsenic Water Treatment
Inorganic contaminants in drinking water are more than just an annoyance. Arsenic is a naturally occurring carcinogen, which is known to lead to both cancer and heart failure. Arsenic is also a difficult contaminant to detect. Since arsenic is both odorless and colorless, testing has to be conducted in order to reliably identify it. Arsenic often appears in conjunction with iron and manganese. Manganese can cause discoloration, such as brown or black stains on clothing. In sufficient concentrations, it can also...
The case for increasing circular economy systems grows as resources dwindle
New research from Yale University encourages discussions on how to implement circular economy systems on a larger scaleResearchers at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, believe that circular economy systems are essential to our long-term survival on a planet with limited resources.While some large companies, including Google, Dell, Philips, and Unilever, and a few countries, including China and members of the European Union, have already implemented successful circular economy systems, researchers believe...