With a brief description of the physical setting and institutional history of the Australian water sector, this paper reviews the water institutional reforms in Australia focusing especially on the nature and extent of reforms initiated since 1995 and provides a few case studies to highlight the issues and challenges in effecting changes in some key reform components. The reforms initiated in 1995 are notable for their comprehensiveness, fiscal incentives and clear and time-bound targets to be achieved. Although water institutions in Australia have undergone remarkable changes, thanks to the reforms, there are still issues and challenges inherent in reforming maturing water institutions. Regional diversity in legal systems and quality standards as well as conflicts between private interest and public welfare are still serious to constraining market-based water allocation and management. While Australia still needs further reforms, its recent reform experience provides considerable insights into the understanding of both the theory and the practice of water institutional reforms.
Crumbling Concrete Water Networks Linked to Common Water Treatment Additive
Concrete distribution and sewer networks are being corroded at an alarming rate partly because of a commonly used additive in the domestic drinking water and wastewater treatment process according to published reports in the journal Science. In countries throughout the world from industrialized nations like Australia and the USA to developing nations like Colombia, Ghana and the Philippines, the lifespan of these concrete pipe networks is being reduced by levels upwards of 90%. Urban societies in particular are...
Delta Drainage and Irrigation System - Case Study
BackgroundDelta, British Columbia is located in the Fraser River delta on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the City of Vancouver. Delta comprises mostly agricultural land, with typical ground elevations near sea level. Levees protect the area from potential floods from the Fraser River and tidal surges from the Pacific Ocean.Of the 13,500 hectares (ha) watershed, 6,300 ha is active agricultural land, 3,500 ha is the environmentally sensitive Burns Bog, and the rest is a mix of urban and industrial...
Collection system aeration and the microbial benefits
In late 2015 Reliant Water Technologies introduced the Wet Well Wizard, an aeration tool for the wet wells in collection systems. During 14 months of field testing the patent pending Wizard System, the primary objectives were to eliminate FOG (fat, oil and grease) caps and to reduce H2S, eliminating it if possible. All trials were proven excellent with very few changes to the product that eventually was introduced to the collection system market.Now, after a number of months with customer owned Wizards in collectio...
Clean water is a basic human right, and we can and should make it affordable to everyone
Ask someone in Flint, Michigan, or São Paolo, Brazil— the list of cities rocked by water disasters seems to grow each day — how much safe water is worth. Worried about contamination and drought, it might be a pretty penny. But the ability of people to actually pay for the full cost of water — from protecting it at its source to getting it to flow from the tap — depends, as it does with anything for sale, on income. And yet water isn’t simply a commodity; it’s necessary...
What You Should Know about Arsenic Treatments
The nutrients that you put into your body directly impact your health. If you consume water with harmful substances, bacteria, or metalloids, it could create serious issues. While not a metal, arsenic is considered a metalloid because it contains many of the same properties as metallic elements. Typically found in soil, arsenic is harmful when ingested. Unfortunately, many Americans unknowingly consume small levels of arsenic through their drinking water. There are ways to test and filter this harmful substance...