With a brief description of the physical setting and institutional history of the Australian water sector, this paper reviews the water institutional reforms in Australia focusing especially on the nature and extent of reforms initiated since 1995 and provides a few case studies to highlight the issues and challenges in effecting changes in some key reform components. The reforms initiated in 1995 are notable for their comprehensiveness, fiscal incentives and clear and time-bound targets to be achieved. Although water institutions in Australia have undergone remarkable changes, thanks to the reforms, there are still issues and challenges inherent in reforming maturing water institutions. Regional diversity in legal systems and quality standards as well as conflicts between private interest and public welfare are still serious to constraining market-based water allocation and management. While Australia still needs further reforms, its recent reform experience provides considerable insights into the understanding of both the theory and the practice of water institutional reforms.
Case study - Well monitoring for a water supplier
The municipality company, in city of Luebek, Germany, provides potable water for approximately 120,000 households, all pumped from more than 30 wells. These wells have water levels as deep as 160 meters. The water levels of these groundwater wells must be measured with the highest possible accuracy. Previously, the pressure probe`s analogue output signals (4…20mA) that had been used did not fulfill the required specifications and were replaced with OTT systems in 2014. The OTT Pressure Level Sensor was...
5 ways to conserve water this winter
Water conservation is something we harp on during the summertime, but what about during the winter? When the irrigation systems shut down, it’s easy toput conservation on the back burner while indoor water waste continues to occur. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the average person uses 80-100 gallons per day for everything from cooking, to showering and flushing the toilet. While there are a number of ways to integrate water conservation into your daily routine, here are five tips that will...
Landfill pumps for Gas well dewatering - Case Study
AutoPumps Keep the Power On for Thousands of Florida Homes Waste Management`s Springhill Regional Landfill near Campbellton, Florida generates "green" energy by extracting and burning the methane in landfill gas. Its $7 million landfill gas energy (LFGE) plant, with six large Caterpillar engines running 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, is capable of producing 4.8 million watts of power. Most of the energy goes to the Alabama Electric Cooperative for distribution to customers, enough to supply the electrical energy...
Improved well tuning achieved at a Landfill gas to Energy developer`s sites - Case Study
Building and managing a high-BTU landfill gas to energy system can present many challenges, but it’s not as complicated as it might seem. The key: start with a healthy, consistently productive wellfield. Morrow Renewables, formerly South Tex Renewables, specializes in doing just that. Headquartered in Midland, Texas, they began in the natural gas industry before building a reputation as one of the leaders in high-BTU landfill gas treatment. More than 12 years of experience in the LFG field encompasses all...
Removing VOCs from Municipal Water Supply - Case Study
QED E-Z Tray® Air Strippers Removing Volatile Compounds in Cheyenne’s Drinking Water The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) – Omaha District has funded the design and construction of a new groundwater treatment plant in Cheyenne, Wyoming to treat groundwater from the city’s Borie well field. This important groundwater supply was apparently contaminated with tricholorethene (TCE) in the late 1960s at the Former F.E. Warren Atlas Missile Site 4, several miles southwest and up-gradient of...