This paper provides a review of the recent institutional changes observed in the water sector in Chile. This review is then used to reflect the Chilean experience in the light of the results concerning institutional change found in existing literature on both institutional economics in general and water institutional economics in particular. These results relate to factors explaining institutional change and the role of endogenous institutional features, such as path dependency and institutional linkages during the reform process. Against a brief description of the main features of the water sector in Chile, the paper provides an overview of Chilean water management institutions and the reforms process ongoing since the 1980s. The factors that motivated institutional changes in Chile's water management include ideology, transactions costs, interest-group behavior and path dependency. While the already observed institutional changes, such as the transferable water rights, water markets and urban water reforms, are all significant, further reforms are delayed by the deliberate legislative process required for changes as a result of the 1980 Constitution. Future water reforms in Chile, therefore, depend on a very difficult process of political reforms needed to change the 1980 Constitution and the 1981 Water Code.
Ordos urban water supply project Phase 1, phase 2 - Case Study
Project Location: Ordos Capacity: 100,000 m³/d Model: 2 sets of HAST10（RizonSDI Automatic SDI Monitor - Waste water Application)
Multicriteria performance analysis of an integrated urban wastewater system for energy management
The optimization and management of an integrated urban wastewater system is a complex problem involving many processes and variables. The possible control options are defined by several management strategies that may differently impact the economic, operational or environmental performance of the system. The present paper aims to contribute to the environmental and energy sustainability of urban wastewater systems by means of a multicriteria performance analysis. The paper begins with a complete analysis of the...
Decentralized water treatment and local water shortages
MIT researchers conclude that alternative approaches to water planning can alleviate urban water supply issues quickly and inexpensively Urban areas around the world are expanding rapidly as the global population increases and people are moving to cities at a fast pace. This puts a strain on current infrastructure, including water treatment plants. Add global warming and increasing drought periods to the mix, and providing clean water to everyone can be quite challenging.Until now, most communities have chosen...
Opportunities and barriers in scaling up of 24/7 urban water supply: the case of Karnataka, India
Scaling up pilot projects providing continuous water supply to households in Indian cities has proved challenging. This study identifies opportunities and barriers in scaling up, in order to derive recommendations for bridging the gap between testing policy innovations and bringing projects to scale. We analyse pilot design, required resources, and drivers of stakeholders, institutions and the environment for a case study in Karnataka and find a wide range of factors that affect adoption of 24/7 water supply....
Analysis of domestic water demand variables of a residential colony in Ajmer, Rajasthan (India)
In this paper, significant variables of domestic urban water demand required for the purpose of estimation of urban water supply in five planned colonies of the City of Ajmer, Rajasthan, India, are identified. The data for these 16 variables are entered in the multiple linear regression (MLR) (stepwise) models in SPSS software, and domestic water demand models are developed. Based on these models, the six most significant variables, namely temperature (T), rainfall (RF), family size (FS), family income (FI),...