This paper aims to set the stage with an outline of the conceptual, analytical and theoretical aspects of water institutional reforms and a synthesis of the main findings from the reform experiences of six countries: Australia, Chile, Morocco, Namibia, South Africa and Sri Lanka. Utilizing the latest developments in the literature on the subject, this paper presents the analytics of unbundling water institutions to show their endogenous and exogenous linkages, the transaction cost approach as a diagnostic framework for understanding the role of factors affecting water institutions, and a stage-based perspective to provide insights into the internal mechanics and dynamics evident in the process of water institutional change. Using this analytical framework and theoretical approach, this paper also identifies a few practically relevant principles for reform design and implementation. Based on a review of country reform experiences, the paper also synthesizes reform theories with actual practices by providing anecdotal evidence for various theoretical postulates and practical reform principles.
Aquafeed Processing Technology and Equipment
As one of the fastest growing food processing industry in the world, aquaculture has provided more than half of all aquatic products for human consumption. The rapid and healthy development of aquaculture industry can hardly do without the support of artificial breeding technology, knowledge of nutritional requirement to aquatic animals, aquafeed processing technology, feed production equipment and so on. Over the past years, the technique offish feed productionhas proceeded rapidly and most aquaculture farmers...
Catfish Feed Production Formulation & Process
As is known to all, catfish has quite high nutritional value due to its good taste, delicate meat quality and its better dietary therapy function for those ill nourished people. With the sweet flavor and warm in property, catfish is in favor of urinating and treating edema, becoming good item to promote lactation and essential food material for women to nourishing after childbirth. Among the cost of aquaculture, catfish feed makes up a large proportion due to the high price of fish feed, so Amisy suggests fish...
Reverse Osmosis vs Nanofiltration Membrane Process: What Is the Difference?
Reverse osmosis (RO) and Nanofiltration (NF) are physical separation technologies used to remove contaminates from liquid streams. In recent years, RO/NF technologies have become more efficient and affordable for use across a variety of industrial applications, including potable water generation and the treatment of brackish water, seawater, and wastewater. If you’re wondering what filtration options might be available for separation and/or potable water generation at an industrial facility, you might be...
Process Heater Case Study
Project Details Customer Name:Centrica Storage The Brief:Provide heat for Rough storage field offshore rig Location of Installation:Rough Platform Products supplied:Water/Glycol Process Heater Project Duration:Typically 9 months TheSolution Process Combustion was selected to provide a replacement heating medium heater for use on the Rough Storage off shore rig. The heater provides heat to the rig and for gas storage. The Process Combustion convective process heater is a lightweight, ceramic fibre...
Kollidon® 30 as a suitable encapsulant for nano spray drying processes in water and organic solvent
In order to improve the dissolution property of poorly water-soluble drugs, solid dispersion methods have been used and described in the recent years such as fusion, solvent evaporation or spray drying. Kollidon® 30 is a polyvinylpyrrolidone polymer soluble in water and many organic solvents. It is used as excipient in the pharmaceutical industry for the microencapsulation of drugs. It is mainly applied as a binder for granules and tablets, to improve the bioavailability of hardly soluble active compounds or...