Keywords: environmental history, environmental policy, Finland, forest industries, pollution control strategies, water pollution control, pulp and paper industries, water quality
Water pollution control and strategies in Finnish pulp and paper industries in the 20th century
This paper discusses and analyses the evolution of the Finnish pulp and paper industries and their water pollution control strategies. The Finnish pulp and paper mills are mainly located along water courses in inland areas. The earliest documents on water pollution date back to the early 1900s. In spite of the remarkably good record during recent decades in water pollution control, it can be found among significant strategic decisions in only very few cases.