What substances or objects should be recycled? The recycling legislative experience in Taiwan
The legislative framework of waste management in Taiwan has never been efficient, mainly due to unclear definitions and regulations. In 2002, this system was split into two parts by enacting a new law, the Resource Recycling and Re-use Act (RRRA). However, it then became more complicated and recycling effectiveness was impeded. The causes were mainly the unclear definitions, conflicts about the scope, and issues between the RRRA and the Waste Disposal Act (WDA). This article examines the recycling legislation experience in Taiwan, and proposes two modifications for resolving these problems. The first proposal is merging these two acts into one. The second proposed modification maintains a two-system structure but introduces a new subject, discards, into the law. The subject of discards is further categorized as recyclable resources or waste, which correspond to recycling operations and disposal operations, respectively. The new structures, interfaces, prerequisites, properties, and comparisons are also explained.