Keywords: research clusters, science and technology manpower, policy design, promotion, manpower supply, manpower policy, cluster policy
Why 'design' does not work well for cluster policy: with the implications for Science and Technology (S&T) manpower policy
Noting that current and existing literature on clusters has not connected 'pure' theory and the actual cases of the supply and demand factors for S&T manpower, this article has presented theory and cases to glean implications for the S&T manpower issues with cases of cluster promotion policies in selected countries. The cases show how fragile and sensitive it is to design and implement research clusters by policy. Especially, the research confirms that with respect to manpower supply, policy design does not work as initially intended.