While enhancing local emergency preparedness requires additional financial resources, local governments are under budget stress that prompts decision makers to seek people's preference to support and fund emergency preparedness programmes. The question addressed in this paper is whether or not the tax-paying households would be willing to pay additional money in the form of property taxes to enhance local emergency preparedness. A contingent valuation method was used to estimate willingness to pay for enhancing local emergency preparedness on a sample of residents drawn from 59 communities in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario (Canada). The results show that households are willing to pay an average of $52.43 to enhance emergency management programmes and that their willingness to pay is positively impacted by their knowledge, media exposure, and emergency experience and negatively impacted by their perceptions of local governments' emergency preparedness efforts and amount of self preparedness measures among others.
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Tailored Emergency Safety Showers for Remote ‘Super Giant’ Oilfield - Case Study
Background The Tengiz oilfield in Kazakhstan is one of the deepest developed super giant oil fields in the world, with further expansion projects in the pipeline. The aim of the Future Growth Project is to increase the daily production of crude oil to 850,000 barrels per day, a planned growth of 240%. Running simultaneously, the objective of the Well Head Pressure Management Project is to keep the existing plants full by lowering the flowing pressure at the wellhead and then boosting the pressure to the inlet...
Why consider pre-emergent herbicide?
Resistant weeds, dicamba training, new EPA rules and regulations, and ag companies being bought or merging together have been a few of the topics found in many ag media and publications this winter. In summary, things are continually changing in agriculture and will continue to change. One of those changes that many, if not all growers, have experienced is how to deal with weed resistance. Resistant weed biotypes exist in every field and the only way to prevent or minimize resistant populations is through a...
Purofine PFA694E is a hot topic at the Emerging Contaminants Summit
The Emerging Contaminants Summit held in Westminster, Colorado is an environmental workshop that comprehensively addresses mitigating emerging contaminants across all environmental systems including surface water, groundwater, drinking water, wastewater, recycled water, soils and sediments. One of the big topics this year was the removal of PFAS (Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl substances) from contaminated groundwater. The U.S. EPA through a Health Advisory notice has set a total combined limit for PFAS and PFOA...
Dr. Chuck Geraci Appointed NIOSH Associate Director for Emerging Technologies
Effective April 15, 2018, Chuck Geraci, Ph.D., CIH, will be the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Associate Director for Emerging Technologies. As Associate Director for Emerging Technologies, Dr. Geraci will be responsible for the planning, direction, and execution of emerging technology research activities at NIOSH, advising the NIOSH Director. Emerging technologies with potential to impact the U.S. workplace include the evolution of advanced and nano materials and manufacturing,...
Emergent contaminants in the wastewater effluents of two highly populated tropical cities
Exposure to the anthropogenic chemicals known as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) may result in negative biological effects. Low levels of EDCs in the environment aggravate the problem as exposure is constant. Urban areas concentrate pollution as greater volumes are released from human activities. Water for public supply is particularly vulnerable as the sewage treatment facilities may not eliminate EDCs. The goal was to assess estrogenicity and effectiveness of removal of phthalates in primary and tertiary...