natural lighting Books

  • Mitigation of Natural Hazards and Disasters

    This book examines the aspects of prevention, mitigation, and management of environmental hazards and disasters from an international perspective. In light of the recent debate on climate change and the possible effects of such a change upon increasing frequency and magnitude of extreme environmental events, this publication overviews various ...

  • Hierarchy in Natural and Social Sciences

    Hierarchy is a form of organisation of complex systems that rely on or produce a strong differentiation in capacity (power and size) between the parts of the system. It is frequently observed within the natural living world as well as in social institutions. According to the authors, hierarchy results from random processes, follows an intentional ...

  • Polarized Light in Animal Vision

    While the human eye can practically cope only with two aspects of light, brightness and colour, many animals use polarization as a further source of visual information. The text starts with an introduction into imaging polarimetry, an efficient technique for measuring light polarization, and moves onto a description of the various polarization ...

  • Light Scattering Media Optics

    The theory of the scattering of light by small particles is very important in a wide range of applications in atmospheric physics and atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics and biological optics. This book summarises current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and natural light ...

  • State versus Participation: Natural Resources Management in Europe

    The participation of the public, local communities, indigenous peoples, and various other stakeholders in natural resources policymaking, planning and/or management has been increasingly promoted in international and national policies. This book analyses and discusses how participation does - or does not - occur in the management of forest and ...

  • Low Cost Emergency Water Purification Technologies

    Natural disasters, such as floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, and earthquakes, affect over 226 million people every year. The occurrence of these natural disasters has been increasing every year due to the effect of extreme weather events and higher populations living in areas vulnerable to natural hazards. Developing a guideline for emergency water ...

  • Making Space for the River

    This book examines recent developments in river (flood) management from the viewpoint of Making Space for the River and the resulting challenges for water governance. Different examples from Europe and the United States of America are discussed that aim to ‘green’ rivers, including increasing river discharge for flood management, enhancing natural ...

  • Water Engineering and Management: Learning from History

    Water Engineering and Management - Learning from History explores the pair technology / water use (an indivisible pair, since the first member of the binomial determines the second) which, in the light of the knowledge available in the 21st century and with a conception focused on the near future, goes beyond the limits set by nature itself. The ...

  • Institutions and Sustainability

    The institutional perspective on the management of natural resources in the light of the interdisciplinary debate on sustainability is the focus of the agricultural and resource economist Konrad Hagedorn. Institutions and Sustainability reflects the latest trends in combining institutions and sustainability, summarises new conceptual developments ...

  • Models of Economic Growth with Environmental Assets

    This book considers the implications of models of economic growth for the debate on sustainability. The interplay between economic and ecological systems is analyzed, also taking into account issues of equity and risk. The main part of the book concentrates on sustainability in the light of an analytical framework. The book will be of ...

  • Visualization of Digital Terrain and Landscape Data

    This book approaches the visualization of digital terrain and landscape data by means of clear and practical examples. From data provision and the creation of revealing analyses to realistic depictions for presentation purposes, the reader is led through the world of digital 3D graphics.Combining deep knowledge of the scientific fundamentals and ...

  • Modelling with Transparent Soils

    The fundamental premise of this monograph is that transparent synthetic materials with geotechnical properties similar to those of natural soils can be used to study 3D deformation and flow problems in natural soils. Transparent soils can be made by matching the refractive index of synthetic soil materials and the pore fluid. This monographs ...

  • Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water

    Part of Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water Set - buy all five books together to save over 30%!  Metals and Related Substances in Drinking Water comprises the proceedings of COST Action 637 – METEAU, held in Kristianstad, Sweden, October 13-15, 2010 This book collates the understanding of the various factors which control metals and ...

  • Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products

    Behind the life cycle of a product, from the cradle to the grave, there is a story to tell. Not only about its potential impact on the environment, but as well in terms of social and socio-economic impacts - or potential impacts - of its production and consumption on the workers, the local communities, the consumers, the society and all value ...

  • Plant Litter

    This fully revised and updated 2nd edition of Plant Litter focuses on decomposition processes in natural terrestrial systems such as boreal and temperate forests. The availability of several long-term studies from these forest types allows a more in-depth approach to the later stages of decomposition as well as to humus formation. It further ...

  • Stream Ecology and Self Purification: An Introduction, Second Edition

    This new edition of a very successful standard reference is expanded and fully reworked. The book explains and quantifies the processes whereby streams cleanse themselves, reducing their pollutant load as a natural process. Mechanisms of purification in running waters have always been critical with regard to clearly identified pollution sources. ...

  • Diversity not Adversity: Sustaining Livelihoods with Biodiversity

    The reduction of world poverty is a major challenge for the international community over the next decade. It is increasingly clear that the our capacity to successfully achieve this objective will be undermined if the natural resource base for development is threatened. ~Biodiversity is a fundamental characteristic of that resource base, defining ...

  • Wildlife Habitat Management: Concepts and Applications in Forestry

    In recent years, conflicts between ecological conservation and economic growth forced a reassessment of the motivations and goals of wildlife and forestry management. Focus shifted from game and commodity management to biodiversity conservation and ecological forestry. Previously separate fields such as forestry, biology, botany, and zoology ...

  • Atmospheric Chemistry

    Atmospheric Chemistry provides readers with a basic knowledge of the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere, and an understanding of the role that chemical transformations play in this vital part of our environment. The composition of the 'natural' atmosphere (troposphere, stratosphere and mesosphere) is described in terms of the physical and chemical ...

  • Biology and Ecology of Norway Spruce

    Norway spruce (Picea abies L.) is an important tree species with a remarkable natural range throughout Europe and Asia, ranging from the Balkan Peninsula to Siberia in the north and from the French Alps in the west to the Sea of Okhotsk in the east. Wherever it occurs, it is a key component of both natural and managed forests. Norway spruce is the ...

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