API RP 14FZ Standard for Exploration & Production
This document recommends minimum requirements and guidelines for the design and installation of electrical systems on fixed and floating petroleum facilities located offshore when hazardous locations are classified as Zone 0, Zone 1, or Zone 2. For facilities classified as Division 1 or Division 2, reference API RP14F, Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Electrical Systems for Fixed and Floating Offshore Petroleum Facilities for Unclassified and Class I, Division 1 and Division 2 Locations. These facilities include drilling, producing and pipeline transportation facilities associated with oil and gas exploration and production. This RP is not applicable to Mobile Offshore Drilling Units (MODUs) without production facilities. This document is intended to bring together in one place a brief description of basic desirable electrical practices for offshore electrical systems. The recommended practices contained herein recognize that special electrical considerations exist for offshore petroleum facilities. These special considerations include:
- The inherent electrical shock possibility presented by the marine environment and steel decks.
- Space limitations that require that equipment be installed in or near classified locations.
- The corrosive marine environment.
- Motion and buoyancy concerns associated with floating facilities.
This RP applies to both permanent and temporary electrical installations. The guidelines presented herein should provide a high level of electrical safety when used in conjunction with well-defined area classifications. This RP emphasizes safe practices for classified locations on offshore petroleum facilities but does not include guidelines for classification of areas; for guidance on classification of areas, the reader is referred to API RP500 and API RP505, as applicable.
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