atmospheric emission Books

  • Airglow as an Indicator of Upper Atmospheric Structure and Dynamics

    The book summarizes international progress over the last few decades in upper atmosphere airglow research. Measurement methods, theoretical concepts and empirical models of a wide spectrum of upper atmospheric emissions and their variability are considered. The book contains a detailed bibliography of studies related to the upper atmosphere ...

  • Tropospheric Modelling and Emission Estimation

    The end result of policy-related experimental and theoretical scientific work on the abatement of atmospheric emissions is a hierarchy of computer models that can be used to analyse and predict the behaviour of pollutants on urban, local regional and global scales. Such models are required to simulate an extremely complex natural situation in ...

  • Evaluation of GHG Emissions from Septic Systems

    The emission rates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from individual onsite septic systems used for the management of domestic wastewater were determined in this study. A static flux chamber method was used to determine the emission rates of methane, carbon dioxide, and nitrous oxide gases from eight septic tanks and two soil dispersal systems. A ...

  • Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Compounds

    This book was conceived during the workshop 'Emission of Chemical Species and Aerosols into the Atmosphere' which took place in Paris in June 2001, involving many experts who presented a number of state-of-the-art papers. Many of these papers are presented in this book where they are set in the wider context of other published work, providing ...

  • Environmental External Costs of Transport

    Transport causes a wide range of damage to human health, ecosytems and materials which are not reflected in the prices for transport. Thus, the damage caused by cars, planes, ships and trains should be known and transformed into monetary values, so called external costs. Within this book, a method to estimate the external costs stemming from the ...

  • Practical Guide to Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling

    An essential text for environmental professionals, the Practical Guide explains the use of dispersion modeling to assess the impact of emissions to the atmosphere.The Practical Guide addresses:plume behavior under various atmospheric conditionsconditions that promote the highest concentrations of air pollutantsthe use of meteorological datarefined ...

  • Practical Guide to Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling

    An essential text for environmental professionals, the Practical Guide explains the use of dispersion modeling to assess the impact of emissions to the atmosphere. The Practical Guide addresses:plume behavior under various atmospheric conditionsconditions that promote the highest concentrations of air pollutantsthe use of meteorological ...

  • API STD 682 For Petroleum Refining Standards

    This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for sealing systems for centrifugal and rotary pumps used in the petroleum, natural gas and chemical industries. It is applicable mainly for hazardous, flammable and/or toxic services where a greater degree of reliability is required for the improvement of equipment ...

  • Weakly Interacting Molecular Pairs: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the Atmosphere

    While pair effects are referred to here as unconventional, in specific spectral domains and/or geophysical conditions they play a dominant role in the absorption/emission properties of the atmosphere, water vapour continuum absorption being one of the most prominent examples. The book clarifies still open questions in this domain and seeks to ...

  • Case Study Country Reports in Tanzania

    This report is the national inventory of Tanzania, and presents the findings of the study team. A base line inventory of sources and sinks of greenhouse gases for Tanzania is being presented. While a lot of gaps do exist in the data available and that which is required for a detailed inventory, the work highlights areas where further research is ...

  • Dayside and Polar Cap Aurora

    The auroral emissions in the upper atmosphere of the polar regions of the Earth are evidence of the capture of energetic particles from the Sun, streaming by the Earth as the solar wind. These auroral emissions, then, are a window to outer space, and can provide us with valuable information about electrodynamic coupling processes between the solar ...

  • Global Atmospheric Change and its Impact on Regional Air Quality

    There is growing evidence that the changing global atmosphere is impacting urban and regional air quality and that emissions from great urban conurbations are significantly influencing global change. This book presents the topics needed to understand possible changes in regional and global atmospheric air quality. Air quality measurements reveal ...

  • Global Atmospheric Change and its Impact on Regional Air Quality

    There is growing evidence that the changing global atmosphere is impacting urban and regional air quality and that emissions from great urban conurbations are significantly influencing global change. This book presents the topics needed to understand possible changes in regional and global atmospheric air quality. Air quality measurements reveal ...

  • Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Forestry and Wood Industry

    The book provides theoretical and practical guidelines to use and enhance the potential of forests to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel resources. To understand the interactions linked with such concepts, the book addresses the following topics: forest dynamics and carbon budget; ...

  • Global-Regional Linkages in the Earth System

    This book synthesizes current knowledge of regional-global linkages in four regions to demonstrate that study of environmental change on a regional scale can enhance understanding of global-scale environmental changes. The atmospheric circulation over Southern Africa links regional nutrient and pollutant sources to distant sinks affecting both ...

  • Mercury Fate and Transport in the Global Atmosphere

    Mercury, primarily because of its existence and bioaccumulation as methylmercury in aquatic organisms, is a concern for the health of higher trophic level organisms, or to their consumers. This is the major factor driving current research in mercury globally and in environmental regulation, and is the driver for the current UNEP Global Partnership ...

  • State of the World 2009: Into a Warming World

    What must we do in the 21st century—especially in 2009 and the years just following—to head off the kind of climate catastrophe that many scientists now see as likely?State of the World 2009 is intended to inject new inspiration and energy into national and international climate negotiations by conveying the profound, long-term ...

  • Trace Gas Emissions and Plants

    Atmospheric abudance of trace gases since the pre-industrial time has forced the earth's climate to change, threatening food security. Exchange of biogenic trace gases between the atmosphere and the biosphere is directly or indirectly influenced by the plants. This volume contains the latest findings on the correlation between the climate ...

  • Environmental Crises

    The book studies the art and science of analyzing, assessing and anticipating environmental change. Among the issues considered are the observational evidence, statistical analysis and dynamic modeling as well as visioning of not-implausible changes in the environment, the changing public perception of the environment, functions of the environment ...

  • Is the U.S. Surface Temperature Record Reliable?

    The stakes in the debate over global warming are high. If human activities are causing a major warming of the earth’s atmosphere, then actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions costing hundreds of billions of dollars would be ...

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