chemical release models Books

  • Transformation Products of Synthetic Chemicals in the Environment

    When a synthetic chemical is released into the environment it may be degraded by abiotic and biotic processes. These degradation processes usually involve a cascade of reactions resulting in the formation of a number of transformation products. While we usually know a great deal about the environmental properties, fate and effects of parent ...

  • Tracking and Predicting the Atmospheric Dispersion of Hazardous Material Releases: Implications for Homeland Security

    For many years, communities have prepared themselves to deal with accidental atmospheric releases from industrial sites, energy facilities, and vehicles transporting hazardous materials. Today, these communities must also worry about the terrorist threat of the intentional use of chemical, biological, and nuclear (C/B/N) agents. Because of this ...

  • Modelling Radiocesium in Lakes and Coastal Areas-New Approaches for Ecosystem Modellers

    During the last 10 years, there has been a 'revolution' in ecosystem modelling. The generality and predictive power of our models have increased in a way that was inconceivable 10 years ago. This book describes a new generation of practically useful models that predict as well as one can measure - if one measures well. And yet, they are ...

  • Large Scale Computations in Air Pollution Modelling

    The protection of the environment is one of the most important problems facing us today. Reliable and robust strategies for keeping pollution caused by harmful chemicals under safe levels have to be developed and used routinely. Large mathematical models, incorporating all important physical and chemical processes, can solve this task, but ...

  • Migration of Fines in Porous Media

    This monograph presents a concise and thorough treatment of release, migration and entrapment of fine particles in natural porous media. The first chapter treats the practical consequences of release and migration of fine particles in porous media. This is followed by a discussion of the basic mechanisms of release, transport and entrapment ...

  • Chernobyl - What Have We Learned?

    Twenty million people have been exposed to Chernobyl radionuclides through the Dnieper River aquatic pathways. This book presents a 20-year historical overview and comprehensive study results of the aquatic environment affected by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident. During this time, many water quality management practices and countermeasures ...

  • Chronology and Evolution of Mars

    This book results from a workshop at the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) in Bern, Switzerland, where geochemists, geophysicists, and photogeologists have combined their expertise to constrain the timescales and geological processes in the evolution of Mars. In order to achieve this goal, the ages of cratered lunar surfaces, ...

  • API RP 581 For Petroleum Refining Standards

    PurposeThis recommended practice provides quantitative procedures to establish an inspection program using riskbased methods for pressurized fixed equipment including pressure vessel, piping, tankage, pressure relief devices, and heat exchanger tube bundles. API RP 580 [1] provides guidance on developing a risk-based inspection program for fixed ...

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