geophysical modeling Books

  • Artificial Intelligence and Dynamic Systems for Geophysical Applications

    The book presents new clustering schemes, dynamical systems and pattern recognition algorithms in geophysical, geodynamical and natural hazard applications. The original mathematical technique is based on both classical and fuzzy sets models. Geophysical and natural hazard applications are mostly original. However, the artificial intelligence ...

  • Methods in Karst Hydrogeology

    Filling a gap in the karst literature, this book describes methods most appropriate for use in karst terrains. These include methods that are basic to all hydrogeological studies, such as hydraulic investigations, hydrochemistry, geophysics, isotope chemistry and modelling, with the emphasis placed on their application to karst systems. The ...

  • Lagrangian Transport in Geophysical Jets and Waves

    This book provides an accessible introduction to a new set of methods for the analysis of Lagrangian motion in geophysical flows. These methods were originally developed in the abstract mathematical setting of dynamical systems theory, through a geometric approach to differential equations. Despite the recent developments in this field and the ...

  • Hydrodynamic and Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulent Flows

    This book gives the first comprehensive overview of turbulence modelling from both the conventional and statistical-theoretical viewpoints. The mathematical structures of primary turbulence models such as algebraic (turbulent-viscosity-type), second-order, and subgrid-scales ones are elucidated, and the relationship between them is shown ...

  • High Resolution Morphodynamics and Sedimentary Evolution of Estuaries

    Estuaries occur along many of the world’s coastlines irrespective of geologic setting, energy regime, and depositional environment. They represent the interface between fluvial, coastal and marine environments and they contain the sedimentary record of geological changes among these systems. However, detailed case studies on the morphodynamics and ...

  • Fronts, Waves and Vortices in Geophysical Flows

    Most well known structures in planetary atmospheres and the Earth’s oceans are jets or fronts interacting with vortices on a wide range of scales. The transition from one state to another, such as in unbalanced or adjustment flows, involves the generation of waves as well as the interaction of coherent structures with these waves.This book ...

  • Gravity, Geoid and Marine Geodesy

    Based on an international symposium held in Tokyo, the volume combines papers in the fields of gravity, geoid and marine geodesy. Special emphasis is placed on the use of gravity in modeling tectonic processes and the problems of geophysical inversion. In addition, absolute and relative gravity measurement in static and airborne mode, satellite ...

  • Avalanche Dynamics

    Avalanches, debris, mudflows and landslides are common and natural phenomena that occur worldwide, predominantly in mountainous regions. With an emphasis on snow avalanches, this book sets out to provide a survey and discussion about the motion of avalanche-like flows from initiation to run out. An important aspect of this book is the formulation ...

  • Granite Genesis: In-Situ Melting and Crustal Evolution

    Granitic rocks are a major component of the continental crust and the many and complex problems of their origin that have confronted geologists for over 200 years still are presenting challenges today. Current ideas of granite formation involve lower crustal melting, segregation, ascent (as dykes or diapirs) and emplacement in the upper crust. In ...

  • Time Series Analysis and Applications to Geophysical Systems

    Time series methods are essential tools in the analysis of many geophysical systems. This volume, which consists of papers presented by a select, international group of statistical and geophysical experts at a Workshop on Time Series Analysis and Applications to Geophysical Systems at the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications (IMA) at the ...

  • Extremes in Nature

    The study of the statistics of extreme events is an essential first step in the mitigation of natural catastrophies, that often cause severe economic losses worldwide. This book is about the theoretical and practical aspects of the statistics of Extreme Events in Nature.Most importantly, this is the first text in which Copulas are introduced and ...

  • Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks

    Hydrogeology is a topical and growing subject as the earth's water resources become scarcer and more vulnerable. More than half of the surface area of continents is covered with hard rocks of low permiability.This book deals comprehensively with the fundamental principles for understanding the hydrogeological characteristics of rocks, as well as ...

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