IWA Publishing

Source Separation and Decentralization for Wastewater Management

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    Is sewer-based wastewater treatment really the optimal technical solution in urban water management? This paradigm is increasingly being questioned. Growing water scarcity and the insight that water will be an important limiting factor for the quality of urban life are main drivers for new approaches in wastewater management. Source Separation and Decentralization for Wastewater Management sets up a comprehensive view of the resources involved in urban water management. It explores the potential of source separation and decentralization to provide viable alternatives to sewer-based urban water management. During the 1990s, several research groups started working on source-separating technologies for wastewater treatment. Source separation was not new, but had only been propagated as a cheap and environmentally friendly technology for the poor. The novelty was the discussion whether source separation could be a sustainable alternative to existing end-of-pipe systems, even in urban areas and industrialized countries. Since then, sustainable resource management and many different source-separating technologies have been investigated. The theoretical framework and also possible technologies have now developed to a more mature state. At the same time, many interesting technologies to process combined or concentrated wastewaters have evolved, which are equally suited for the treatment of source-separated domestic wastewater. The book presents a comprehensive view of the state of the art of source separation and decentralization. It discusses the technical possibilities and practical experience with source separation in different countries around the world. The area is in rapid development, but many of the fundamental insights presented in this book will stay valid. Source Separation and Decentralization for Wastewater Management is intended for all professionals and researchers interested in wastewater management, whether or not they are familiar with source separation. Table of Contents Part 1: The advantages of source separation and decentralization: Energy, Nutrients (N and P), Water scarcity, Micropollutants, Costs of infrastructure, Decentralization in industrialized countries, Sanitation in developing countries. Part 2: The challenges of source separation and decentralization: Implementation in cities, Hygiene, Recycling of nutrients to agriculture, Potential of control and monitoring, Acceptance, Market success. Part 3: Potential technologies for source separation: Conceptualizing sanitation systems, Wastewater composition, Treatment of the solid fraction, Aerobic elimination of organics and pathogens, Advanced nitrogen removal, Anaerobic treatment, Electrochemical systems, Transfer into the gas phase, Transfer into the solid phase, Membrane processes, Advanced oxidation, Up-concentration of combined wastewater as an alternative to source separation. Part 4: The international experience: Practical experience with source separation and decentralization in Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, The Netherlands, and in Developing countries. Part 5: The paradigm shift. Why question the prevailing paradigm of wastewater management? How to spur innovation? EDITORS Tove A. Larsen, Kai M. Udert and Judit Lienert, Eawag - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Switzerland. Contributors Yuval Alfiya, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Prof. Dr. M. Bruce Beck, University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources Dr. Christian Binz, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Innovation Research in Utility Sectors (Cirus) Prof. em. Dr. Markus Boller, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Urban Water Management (SWW) Prof. Dr. Eran Friedler, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Zenah Bradford-Hartke, The University of New South Wales, School of Chemical Engineering; UNESCO Centre for Membrane Science and Technology Dr. Shelley Brown-Malker, Very Small Particle Company Ltd Bert Bundervoet, Ghent University, Laboratory Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET) Prof. Dr. David Butler, University of Exeter, Centre for Water Systems Dr. Christopher A. Buzie, Hamburg University of Technology, Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection Dr. Dana Cordell, University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) Dr. Vasileios Diamantis, Democritus University of Thrace, Department of Environmental Engineering Prof. Dr. Jan Willem Erisman, Louis Bolk Institute; VU University Amsterdam, Department of Earth Sciences Barbara Evans, University of Leeds, School of Civil Engineering Prof. Dr. Malin Falkenmark, Stockholm International Water Institute Dr. Ted Gardner, Central Queensland University, Institute for Resource Industries and Sustainability Dr. Heiko Gebauer, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Innovation Research in Utility Sectors (Cirus) Prof. em. Dr. Willi Gujer, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (ETHZ), Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering (BAUG) Prof. Dr. Bruce Jefferson, Cranfield University, Cranfield Water Science Institute Prof. Dr. Paul Jeffrey, Cranfield University, Cranfield Water Science Institute Sarina Jenni, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Process Engineering Department (Eng) Prof. Dr. Håkan Jönsson, SLU - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology Prof. Dr. Ïşιk Kabdaşlι,  Ïstanbul Technical University, Civil Engineering Faculty Prof. Dr. Jörg Keller, The University of Queensland, Advanced Water Management Centre (AWMC) Prof. Dr. Klaus Kömmerer, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Institute of Sustainable and Environmental Chemistry Dr. Katarzyna Kujawa-Roeleveld, Wageningen University, Agrotechnology and Food Sciences Group Dr. Tove A. Larsen, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Urban Water Management (SWW) Michele Laureni, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Process Engineering Department (Eng) Prof. Dr. Gregory Leslie, The University of New South Wales, School of Chemical Engineering; UNESCO Centre for Membrane Science and Technology Dr. Harold Leverenz, University of California at Davis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Dr. Judit Lienert, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Environmental Social Sciences (ESS) Prof. Dr. Jürg Londong, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Department of Urban Water Management and Sanitation Dr. Christoph Lüthi, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (Sandec) Prof. Dr. Max Maurer, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Urban Water Management (SWW); Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (ETHZ), Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering Prof. em. Dr. Gustaf Olsson, Lund University, Department of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering (MIE) Prof. Dr. Ralf Otterpohl, Hamburg University of Technology, Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection Dr. Bert Palsma, STOWA, Dutch Foundation for Applied Water Research Dr. Arne R. Panesar, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Prof. Dr. Bruce E. Rittmann, Arizona State University, Swette Center for Environmental Biotechnology Prof. Dr. Hansruedi Siegrist, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Process Engineering Department (Eng) Dr. Ashok Sharma, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia, Land and Water Division Prof. Dr. Thor Axel Stenström, Stockholm Environment Institute, Bioresources Group; Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Department of Mathematical Science and Technology Dr. Eckhard Störmer, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Innovation Research in Utility Sectors (Cirus) Bjartur Swart, STOWA, Dutch Foundation for Applied Water Research; MWH North Europe Prof. em. Dr. George Tchobanoglous, University of California at Davis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Elizabeth Tilley, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (Sandec); Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (ETHZ), Centre for Development and Cooperation (NADEL) Prof. Dr. Bernhard Truffer, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology; Innovation Research in Utility Sectors (Cirus) Prof. Dr. Olcay Tünay, Ïstanbul Technical University, Civil Engineering Faculty Dr. Kai M. Udert, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Process Engineering Department (Eng) Prof. em. Dr. Willy Verstraete, Ghent University, Laboratory Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET) Prof. Dr. Björn Vinnerås, SLU - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology Prof. Dr. Urs von Gunten, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Water Resources and Drinking Water (W+T); Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL),School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering (ENAC) Prof. em. Dr. Peter A. Wilderer, Technische Universität München, Institute for Advanced Study Prof. Dr. Jun Xia, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Center for Water Resources Research and Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Surface Processes Prof. Dr. Grietje Zeeman, Wageningen University, Agrotechnology and Food Sciences Group    
Price:
Price: £ 125.00 / US$ 225.00 / € 168.75 - IWA members price: £ 93.75 / US$ 168.75 / € 126.56
Print ISSN:
9781843393481
Launch:
Feb. 2013

During the 1990s, several research groups started working on source-separating technologies for wastewater treatment. Source separation was not new, but had only been propagated as a cheap and environmentally friendly technology for the poor. The novelty was the discussion whether source separation could be a sustainable alternative to existing end-of-pipe systems, even in urban areas and industrialized countries.

Since then, sustainable resource management and many different source-separating technologies have been investigated. The theoretical framework and also possible technologies have now developed to a more mature state. At the same time, many interesting technologies to process combined or concentrated wastewaters have evolved, which are equally suited for the treatment of source-separated domestic wastewater.

The book presents a comprehensive view of the state of the art of source separation and decentralization. It discusses the technical possibilities and practical experience with source separation in different countries around the world. The area is in rapid development, but many of the fundamental insights presented in this book will stay valid.

Source Separation and Decentralization for Wastewater Management is intended for all professionals and researchers interested in wastewater management, whether or not they are familiar with source separation.

Table of Contents

Part 1:  The advantages of source separation and decentralization: Energy, Nutrients (N and P), Water scarcity, Micropollutants, Costs of infrastructure, Decentralization in industrialized countries, Sanitation in developing countries.

Part 2:  The challenges of source separation and decentralization: Implementation in cities, Hygiene, Recycling of nutrients to agriculture, Potential of control and monitoring, Acceptance, Market success.

Part 3:  Potential technologies for source separation: Conceptualizing sanitation systems, Wastewater composition, Treatment of the solid fraction, Aerobic elimination of organics and pathogens, Advanced nitrogen removal, Anaerobic treatment, Electrochemical systems, Transfer into the gas phase, Transfer into the solid phase, Membrane processes, Advanced oxidation, Up-concentration of combined wastewater as an alternative to source separation.

Part 4:  The international experience: Practical experience with source separation and decentralization in Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, Australia, The Netherlands, and in Developing countries.

Part 5:  The paradigm shift. Why question the prevailing paradigm of wastewater management? How to spur innovation?

Customer comments

  1. By Ann-Marie Doerhoff on

    I am working on an energy savings project at a wastewater treatment plant and really see the value in decentralized treatment. I don't think it is a good idea to build new massive treatment plants that require so much pumping and energy to treat the waste. New developments have grocery stores, gas stations, recreation centers, etc not a centralized place where everyone in the society goes for these needs. Why do we still spend so much money sending our toilet and gray water waste long distances for treatment? I think it is especially important for the future of the world for cities in developing countries to not follow the centralized treatment model. When technology was not as advanced in the 1970’s it made some sense to pump and pipe waste to a plant to treat it. As these systems are aging, I think our generation needs to not rebuild them but rather change the paradigm to smaller treatment systems spread out throughout the cities. Automated controls will also make this possible. Decentralized power generation and decentralized waste treatment seem like a more sustainable solution. Technology and automation make this paradigm shift possible.