Sustainable Development for the Second World: Ukraine and the Nations in Transition
The 27 nations of the Second World—the former Soviet Union and its Central and Eastern European satellites—are undergoing a wrenching transition following the collapse of communism. The process is complicated by the history and legacy of communist rule, including severe economic, governance, and environmental problems. In some of these countries, such as Ukraine, the upheaval has led to a period of predatory capitalism and declining living standards. But the same turmoil offers an opportunity to change course and institute reform according to the principles of sustainable development—the only path that can lead to the twin goals of long-term human and environmental wellbeing.
- Authors / Editors:
- Viktor Vovk
- Print ISSN:
- Sep. 2003
Development and the Environment Under Communism
The Environment and the Transition
Obstacles and Lost Opportunities
Ukraine: Ten Years After
The Way Forward
Figure 3: Gross Domestic Product per Unit of Energy Use, Selected Countries, 1980 and 2000
Figure 2: Carbon Emissions per Unit Gross Domestic Product, Selected Countries, 1991-99
Figure 1: The Second World
Table 1: Emissions of SO2 and Particulates, Selected Countries, 1990
Sidebar 1: Sustainability, EU Style: Royal Road or Obstacle Course?