Canarina Environmental Software

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  • Water pollution · Canarina DESCAR software

    Water pollution · Canarina DESCAR software

    Natural waters contain micro-organism as well as solutes. There is a distinction between ‘pure’ water, meaning water that is fit to drink and pure water that is a single substance. A water pollutant is a substance that prevents the use ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · hazardous Substances · commands 22

    Canarina DISPER software · hazardous Substances · commands 22

    Pollutant emission rate (g/s): This is the pollutant emission rate.   Decay coefficient (1/s): This coefficient considers the half life of the pollutant if this disappears by means of chemical reactions (non-conservative pollutant).   ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · atmospheric Chemistry · commands 24

    Canarina DISPER software · atmospheric Chemistry · commands 24

    Here, only some data can be modified. The necessary data is:   Pollutant emission rate (g/m s): This is the pollutant emission rate.   Decay coefficient (1/s): This coefficient considers the half life of the pollutant if this ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · environmental soil · commands 25

    Canarina DISPER software · environmental soil · commands 25

    Area source.- This is a pollutant area source. The area width is small if we compare it with the size of the area in which we are simulating (area source). If you click this button, the next dialog box is shown: Here, only some data can be ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · incineration · commands 26

    Canarina DISPER software · incineration · commands 26

    Here, only some data can be modified. The necessary data is: Pollutant emission rate (g/m2 s): This is the pollutant emission rate per unit area and second.   Decay coefficient (1/s): This coefficient considers the half life of the pollutant ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · landfill · commands 27

    Canarina DISPER software · landfill · commands 27

    7.1.4 Ambient data   Ambient conditions are defined by the land and atmospheric conditions in the vicinity of the pollutant emission. This Menu lists: Meteorology and Topographic lines.   Meteorology.- DISPER analyses, as all mixing ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · anaerobic digestion · commands 28

    Canarina DISPER software · anaerobic digestion · commands 28

    The necessary data in the Meteorology command is:   Pasquill stability): Classification scheme that describes the degree of atmospheric turbulence. Categories range from extremely unstable (A=1) to extremely stable (F=6). Unstable conditions ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · contamination control · commands 29

    Canarina DISPER software · contamination control · commands 29

    Wind angle (0 to 360 degrees): It is the horizontal angle of wind measured clockwise from the North (at the window top).   Ambient temperature (K): The temperature of the medium surrounding an object.  This is the air temperature at ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · pollution control · commands 31

    Canarina DISPER software · pollution control · commands 31

    Topographic lines.- This command is to draw topographical lines. If you click this command, the next dialog box is shown:   The height of the contour line can be written in the textbox. If you click the Accept button, the next computer screen ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · global warming · commands 32

    Canarina DISPER software · global warming · commands 32

    Then, and if you click the computer screen and move the mouse (mouse down), a square is shown and when you mouse up (the height of the contour line is different to zero): 7.1.5 Tools   The Tools Menu contains the tools you use to process ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · heat pollution · commands 20

    Canarina DESCAR software · heat pollution · commands 20

    6.1.3 Point source   The Point source Menu lists the possible pollutant sources: the outfall pipe.   Outfall.- This is a pollutant point source. The outfall is small if we compare it with the size of the area in which we are simulating ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · environmental impact of shipping · commands 21

    Canarina DESCAR software · environmental impact of shipping · commands 21

    Depending on the used model, some data of the dialog box can be modified: Buoyant jet model or Stratified model (see calculation models).   Buoyant jet model: The necessary data in the Buoyant jet model is:   Effluent velocity ua ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · ecological sanitation · commands 22

    Canarina DESCAR software · ecological sanitation · commands 22

    Water depth at discharge location (m): The actual water depth at the sumerged discharge location. For surface discharges it is the water depth at the channel entry location.   Discharge flow rate (m3/s): The discharge flow rate and the ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · industrial water treatment · commands 23

    Canarina DESCAR software · industrial water treatment · commands 23

    Discharge conditions: There are three options: Vertical discharge, Horizontal discharge (A-type) and Horizontal discharge (B-type). In the vertical discharge, the discharge flow is perpendicular to the water surface. In the horizontal discharges (A ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · waste management · commands 24

    Canarina DESCAR software · waste management · commands 24

    Stratified model: The necessary data in the Stratified model is:   Pipe angle (0 to 360): It is the horizontal angle of discharge measured clockwise from the North (at the window top).   Diffusor length (m): The diffuser length is the ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · water management · commands 25

    Canarina DESCAR software · water management · commands 25

    1/T90 (1/seconds): This coefficient considers the half life of the pollutant if this disappears by means of chemical reactions (non-conservative pollutant). This is the T90 for E.Coli. For towns with less than 10,000 inhabitants we can take a T90=2 ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · water treatment · commands 26

    Canarina DESCAR software · water treatment · commands 26

    If you click the OK button, the next program window is shown   Two blue axis points the place where we can fix the outfall position. After clicking the program window, you draw the outfall. The small red square shows the outfall location. We ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · wastewater quality indicators · commands 27

    Canarina DESCAR software · wastewater quality indicators · commands 27

    6.1.4 Current data   Ambient conditions are defined by the hydrographic conditions in the vicinity of the discharge. This Menu lists: Current.   Current.- DESCAR analyses, as all mixing zone evaluations, are usually carried out under ...

  • Canarina DESCAR software · sewage treatment · commands 28

    Canarina DESCAR software · sewage treatment · commands 28

    Canarina DESCAR software · sewage treatment · commands 28 Depending on the used model, some data of the dialog box can be modified: Buoyant jet model or Stratified model (see calculation models).   Buoyant jet model: The ...

  • Canarina CUSTIC software · health effects from noise · commands 23

    Canarina CUSTIC software · health effects from noise · commands 23

    Canarina CUSTIC software · health effects from noise · commands 23 Noise power estimation: With this button, you can estimate the noise level if it is unknown. If you know the power, you don't need to use this command. You can write ...