Carbon Sciences, Inc.
Carbon Sciences is developing a breakthrough technology to recycle carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into gasoline and other fuels. Innovating at the intersection of chemical engineering and bio-engineering disciplines, we are developing a unique, energy efficient and highly scalable biocatalytic process to meet the fuel needs of the world. With over 43 billion tons of CO2 emitted each year by 2030, there is an abundant supply of raw material available to produce renewable and sustainable fuels for global consumption and reduce our dependence on petroleum.
Carbon Sciences has developed a breakthrough technology to make liquid transportation fuels from natural gas. We believe our technology will enable the world to reduce its dependence on petroleum by cost effectively using natural gas to produce cleaner and greener liquid fuels for immediate use in the existing transportation infrastructure. Although found in abundant supply at affordable prices in the U.S. and throughout the world, natural gas cannot be used directly in cars, trucks, trains and planes without a massive overhaul of the existing transportation infrastructure. Innovating at the forefront of chemical engineering, Carbon Sciences offers a highly scalable, clean-tech gas-to-liquids (GTL) process to transform natural gas into transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. The key to this cost-effective process is a breakthrough methane dry reforming catalyst that consumes carbon dioxide. Our game changing catalyst is now undergoing rigorous commercial testing to meet the needs of the natural gas industry and will be available for use in pre-feasibility studies of new GTL plants.
Making Cleaner Gasoline From Natural Gas
Carbon Sciences offers a complete solution for transforming an abundant and affordable supply of natural gas into gasoline that burns cleaner than existing petroleum-based gasoline. While large producers, such as Shell and Sasol, have built and operate world scale gas-to-liquids (GTL) plants for large natural gas fields, our solution is engineered to cost effectively produce gasoline from the thousands of available small and medium size natural gas fields.
Our gasoline production plant will consist of two primary sections: (1) a natural gas to methanol section, and (2) a methanol to gasoline section. Our first generation GTL solution integrates best of breed and proven technologies, including the ExxonMobil Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) process, to produce ready to use gasoline. We are also developing a proprietary technology to enable a second generation GTL solution that will produce even cleaner gasoline by using captured CO2 or low value, high CO2 content natural gas as part of the process.
Natural Gas to Methanol
Transforming natural gas into methanol starts by converting natural gas, which is primarily methane (CH4), into syngas, which is a mixture of hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO). The syngas is immediately converted into methanol. There are a number of world-class suppliers of these technologies including Air Liquide, which offers the Lurgi MegaMethanol process. The syngas production section accounts for more than 50% of the capital cost of a methanol plant. Thus optimization of this section yields a significant cost benefit. In our second generation GTL solution, we intend to apply our breakthrough syngas catalyst technology that consumes CO2 to lower the cost and increase the production of syngas.
ExxonMobil Methanol to Gasoline (MTG)
ExxonMobil, the world's largest publicly traded integrated petroleum and natural gas company, is licensing a commercially proven small to medium scale process, ExxonMobil MTG, that converts methanol into high quality clean gasoline. This process, when coupled with other natural gas to methanol processes, can be used to cost effectively produce gasoline from natural gas. MTG gasoline is fully compatible with conventional refinery gasoline and can be either blended with conventional refinery gasoline or sold separately with minimal further processing.
Carbon Sciences Gasoline Production Plant
Carbon Sciences has announced its plan to act as the project developer of a gasoline production plant in the U.S. This project will utilize the company's complete solution, as described above. Carbon Sciences is considering various options for the supply of natural gas, including the possibility of selecting a natural gas resource holder to act as a partner in the venture. Determining the actual site of the production plant will be a function of the location of the natural gas supply, as well as local interest in a project that will create a substantial number of new jobs.
Graphene, a new two-dimensional form of carbon, promises to transform technology. Its remarkable properties – strong, light, transparent, and excellent electric conductivity – make it ideal for applications in electronics, energy storage, aerospace, automotive, communications, sensors and medicine.
After successfully exploring methods to produce low cost graphene, Carbon Sciences is now focused on the research and development of graphene-based devices to enable ultrafast fiber optics communication in Cloud computing infrastructure.
Cloud computing allows application software and services to be delivered from large server farms in data centers over the Internet. Almost every web service we use today such as Netflix, Google and Amazon are all delivered from the Cloud. As more and more people use Cloud services, more and more data are created that need to be stored, transmitted and processed. This explosion of data requires larger and larger data centers – as big 1 square mile. The size of current and future data centers is challenging the fundamental speed limits of today's cutting edge fiber optics technology.
According to a 2014 report by ACG Research, the growth of Cloud-based services in consumer and business applications during the past five years has been spectacular. By 2019, mobile network traffic is forecasted to increase tenfold. 50% of this increase will be in video services, and an additional 10% will be in social networking applications. Over the same time, business Cloud computing services are expected to increase at a 40% average annual rate. By 2019 there will be 60 percent more data centers in the world's major cities than there are today, and data center interconnect volumes will increase by more than 400 percent.
Moore's Law has enabled computers servers in the Cloud to process information at extreme high speeds. However, the speed of data movement between servers is bottlenecked by fundamental limitations of today's fiber optics technology. By exploiting the natural breakthrough optical and electrical properties of graphene, we are researching and developing next generation fiber optics components that are ultrafast, low power and low cost.
We believe graphene-based fiber optic components, such as optical modulators (for transmitting) and photodetectors (for receiving), have the potential to unclog the bottlenecks in the Cloud and unleash a global era of high resolution video on demand, high fidelity music streaming, high volume e-commerce and many more Cloud-based services.