Centre of Documentation, Research and Experimentation on Accidental Water Pollution. Cedre is a non-profit-making association acting as an operator for the French State. It was created in 1978, in the aftermath of the Amoco Cadiz oil spill, in a bid to be more fully prepared for accidental water pollution and to strengthen the national response organisation. It is responsible, on a national scale, for documentation, research and experimentation on pollutants, their effects and the response means and tools that can be used to combat them. Its role as an advisory body and its expertise encompass both marine and inland waters. It is financed both by government subsidies and by public and private contracts.
Cedre is a non-profit-making association created on 25 January 1979, as one of the measures taken in the aftermath of the Amoco Cadiz oil spill, to improve spill response preparedness and strengthen the national response organisation. It is responsible, on a national level, for documentation, research and experimentation on pollutants, their effects and the response means and tools that can be used to combat them. It is charged with providing advice and expertise to the authorities responsible for responding to accidental pollution. It is competent both for marine waters and inland surface waters.
Cedre is available around the clock for national and local authorities in charge of response to accidental water pollution according to the legislation in force, whatever the extent of the pollution. These authorities can benefit from technical and scientific assistance from Cedre, and, in certain cases, specialists can be sent to crisis management centres or to the field.
The members of the association Cedre include French Government administrations, local authorities, at all levels, public research establishments and private organisations (trade unions, companies). The association is governed by the general assembly of its members and a board of governors. Representatives of the State and public organisations hold a statutory majority on the board of governors. Cedre’s headquarters, technical facilities and the majority of its personnel are based in Brest, Brittany. In addition, Cedre has two regional delegates, one for the Mediterranean, in Toulon, and the other for the Caribbean, in Fort-de-France.
Cedre manages an annual budget of around 4.5 million euros. It is funded by public bodies (the State and public administrations, local authorities, public establishments, European Union) and private organisations (industry and professional unions) via subsidies or contracts and tenders. Around two thirds of the association’s funding is of public origin. Forty percent of the total budget takes the form of a subsidy granted by the French Government, intended to cover Cedre’s public service mission. This subsidy is managed on behalf of the State by the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea.
Cedre’s activity is structured by the association’s statutes registered at the Préfecture for Finistère. The scientific and technical orientations are determined by the Strategic Committee which gathers together representatives of the association’s members and of other structures involved in spill response or related issues.
Cedre’s activity revolves around two main aspects of accidental water pollution, reflected in its internal organisation: response preparedness, for which one of its divisions is responsible, and spill response and response means, covered by the other division.