There are many things and services in our everyday life that we take for granted, and telecommunications is one of them. We surf the internet, send emails to friends and colleagues abroad, talk to family members in foreign countries over the phone, book airline seats and make banking transactions without actually realizing and appreciating the sophisticated technology that enables us to do so.This report covers the history and natu
Providing an overview of UNEP"s activities in 2009, this report looks at a broad range of activities carried out by the organization as it follows its mandate to provide environmental leadership and promote sustainable development. Taking the theme of "Seizing the Green Opportunity", the report provides an overview of UNEP"s activities in 2009 through the green economy lens. Highlights of the year include the emergence of green growth initiati
The UNEP Year Book 2010 is essential, informative and authoritative reading and reports on new environmental science plus recent developments in our changing environment. It looks at progress in environmental governance: the effects of continuing degradation and loss of the world"s ecosystems; impacts of climate change; how harmful substances and hazardous waste effect human health and the environment; environmentally related disasters and con
Launched in February 2008, the Climate Neutral Network (CN Net ) is a global online campaign led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to catalyze a low-carbon, climate neutral economy. The hub of the CN Net campaign is a free-of -charge website that serves as a platform for networking and information exchange, as well as providing the latest resources about climate neutrality.
Despite the central role oceans play in the economic, environmental and social affairs of the planet"s 6.7 billion inhabitants, significant gaps exist in our understanding and management of the complex processes at work from the global climate system, to the water cycle and circulation of nutrients, to changes affecting marine habitats. In addition, the vastness of the world"s oceans have for far too long been perceived as impervio
This report explores the potential for mitigating the impacts of climate change by improved management and protection of marine ecosystems and especially the vegetated coastal habitat, or blue carbon sinks.The objective of this report is to highlight the critical role of the oceans and ocean ecosystemsin maintaining our climate and in assisting policy makers to mainstream an oceans agenda into national and international clima
En 2007, le Groupe d"experts Intergouvernemental sur l"Evolution du Climat (GIEC) et l"ancien Vice-Président américain des Etats-Unis, Al Gore, se sont partagé le Prix Nobel de la Paix pour leur travail visant à fournir aux décideurs et au grand public du monde entier les meilleurs éléments scientifi ques possibles pour comprendre et combattre la menace croissante du changement climatique. Mais
This third annual edition of Climate Action focuses on some of the major issues for resolution in Copenhagen and the actors who can help to implement the solutions. Progress will require commitment and cooperation. Partnerships will be central, both in Copenhagen and beyond.Climate Action is produced to encourage and assist governments and business to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This book features a range of articles that
Climate change represents more than just an environmental challenge—it is also a challenge to future economic development. Overlaps between climate change and trade policies are inevitable and are already evident. Issues such as promoting trade in climate-friendly technologies and the use of border adjustment measures in national climate change legislation are being actively debated by governments at both the national and international l
The Climate Change Science Compendium is a review of some 400 major scientific contributions to our understanding of Earth Systems and climate that have been released through peer-reviewed literature or from research institutions over the last three years, since the close of research for consideration by the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.The Compendium is not a consensus document or an update of any other process. Instead, it is a
Warming of the climate system is beyond argument, as shown by observations of increases in average air and ocean temperatures, the widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global sea levels. But as the messages from scientists become increasingly explicit, the gap between the need for action they project and the climate policy the world leaders put in place remains.The purpose of this guide is to increase public understanding
This report and its findings are based on field work by a team of international experts deployed by UNEP following its Governing Council’s Decision 25/12 in February 2009, requesting UNEP to assess the environmental damage and carry out an economic evaluation of the rehabilitation and restoration of the environment in the Gaza Strip following the escalation of hostilities in December 2008 and late January 2009.
This United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report aims to summarize current knowledge on the links between environment, conflict and peacebuilding through thirteen field-based case studies. Based on its analysis, UNEP’s report draws three key conclusions for future UN peacemaking and peacebuilding operations: - Natural resources and the environment can be involved in all phases of the conflict cycle: from contributing to the outbre
The report, "Environment Outlook in the Amazonia - GEO Amazonia", the main product of the assessment for the Amazon Basin that has been implemented by UNEP and the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO), with technical help of Universidad de Pacifico (UoP) and the project"s Technical Committee, which is consisted of leading organizations and institutions from all eight Amazonian countries, and those that are known for their technical ex
The Global Deserts Outlook is the first thematic assessment report in the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). A UNEP contribution to the International Year of Deserts and Desertification in 2006, the report aims to help raise global public awareness of the state of the world"s deserts.
The United Nations organisations are responsible for an impressive number of meetings each year, ranging from small meetings of 10 people, up to large events with several thousand participants. These meetings take place in all parts of the world and in regions varying greatly in terms of environmental priorities, experience and infrastructure.While representing an incredible occasion to network, exchange ideas and learn meetings al
Behind the life cycle of a product, from the cradle to the grave, there is a story to tell. Not only about its potential impact on the environment, but as well in terms of social and socio-economic impacts - or potential impacts - of its production and consumption on the workers, the local communities, the consumers, the society and all value chain actors. Today’s value chains are often complex, global and because of it, faceless. Sheddi
There is an increasing annual demand for water drawn from Asia’s international rivers for domestic, agricultural, industrial, and environment purposes. As a result, nations sharing river systems, lakes and aquifers are vulnerable to tensions and conflicts, which in many are intensified by climate variation and climate change. Therefore monitoring, predicting and pre-empting transboundary water conflicts will become central issues for fut
The main problem in North America is the location of water resources relative to large population centers where the majority of the freshwater drains away from the bulk of the population. Climate variability and change is a reality. It raises the impact on variability and availability within the continent, which is characterized by its different climatic regions.The hydo-vulnerability of North America is tempered and governed by ag
The hydro-vulnerability of Europe is governed by the institutions created to resolve transboundary water issues in a cooperative manner that attempts to prevent potential conflict.Institutional capacity through water management bodies, treaties or generally positive international relations, is possibly more important than the physical environment for minimising hydropolitical vulnerability and conflict on the one hand, and strength