Separate Waste Systems
SEPARATE Waste Systems enable the efficient separation of MSW, separately collected bio-waste and mono-streams into a very clean organic fraction and a non-organic rest fraction. The heart of the SEPARATE waste system is an innovative hydraulic press that achieves highest separation efficiency (98%). Mixed waste is loaded into the OREX Press and under the high pressure, the soluble organic matter behaves like a liquid and is separated from the dry fraction. The organic fraction is further cleaned to limit the remaining impurities such as plastics and inert materials to less than 0.5% of the total organic matter. Taylor-made systems for municipal solid waste (MSW), separately collected bio-waste, with or without power plants, for composting, for incinerators.
Europe’s largest waste stream is Municipal Solid Waste (MSW): the daily waste from our households. It consists of 6 main product groups: bio-waste, paper & cardboard, plastics, glass & rubble, metals and other rest waste.
Rather than importing these valuable raw materials and resources from other parts of the world, it makes sense to re-use and recycle them efficiently.
Bio-waste represents the biggest fraction of MSW, yet the recycling of bio-waste is still in its infancy. If treated properly, bio-waste can result in high-quality compost and biogas thus avoiding the emission of greenhouse gases and the loss of high-value material.
Today, Europe loses 60% of its 3 billion tons of solid waste through landfilling and incineration each year. EU Directives such as the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) and the Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC) are slowly changing this situation towards a circular economy.
Moreover, in July 2014, the European Commission has released the Communication ‘Towards a Circular Economy’ and a new Legislative Proposal for Amending the Waste Directives putting forward ambitious recycling targets for 2030.
In our waste, the valuable material streams are all entangled, mixed together, contaminated. To sort dry recyclables is easy, but the real challenge is to get the organics separated from the rest of the waste. Two options exist:
Separation at source or so-called “kerbside collection”
The households are asked to sort their organic waste in specific bins. While source separation is theoretically the best means to achieve clean organic waste, the reality looks different. Mentality and culture influence the participation rate and the separation efficiency, but regardless of these, experience has shown that it is hard to implement organic kerbside collection in densely populated urban areas.
Centralised separation happens at waste treatment facilities
Due to problematic hygiene conditions and high personnel cost, manual separation of bio-waste is not an option. Mechanical separation through shredding and sieving is the most widespread method today, but its efficiency is not optimal and the high remainder of organics in the non-organic fraction and or non-organics in the organic fraction causes problems for both streams.
The innovative SEPARATE waste system overcomes these problems with an unprecedented separation efficiency: it removes 98-99% of total soluble organics from contaminated waste streams, leaving the organic fraction pure, and the non-organic fraction dried and clean.
SEPARATE stands for “Enabling market uptake of innovative separation and cleaning solutions for material recycling of all product groups contained in bio-wastes and MSW”. SEPARATE project carries out on-the-spot tests of different waste streams and analyses the quality and characteristics of the waste streams that have been separated with the new technology. The results of the analysis are certified by renowned institutes and laboratories in the test countries. This aim at demonstrating the exact composition of the waste streams and removing non-technical barriers to market replication of an innovative waste separation and cleaning process.