Springer

67 Books found

Books

  • Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments

    Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments

    Contaminated sediments pose some of the most difficult site remediation issues. Contaminated sediments typically reside in spatially variable and dynamic systems subject to seasonal flow variations and episodic storm events. The volume of sediments that must be managed at particular sites often exceeds one million cubic meters, dwarfing many contaminated soil sites. These sediments are also associated with equally daunting volumes of water and ...

  • Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments

    Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments

    Contaminated sediments pose some of the most difficult site remediation issues. Contaminated sediments typically reside in spatially variable and dynamic systems subject to seasonal flow variations and episodic storm events. The volume of sediments that must be managed at particular sites often exceeds one million cubic meters, dwarfing many contaminated soil sites. These sediments are also associated with equally daunting volumes of water and ...

  • Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in Arid Environments

    Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in Arid Environments

    Global warming has worsened the water resource crisis in many arid zones worldwide, from Africa to Asia, affecting millions of people and putting them at risk of hunger. Effective management of arid zone resources, including understanding the risks of toxic trace and heavy elements to humans, coupled with the need to produce more food to feed the world’s growing population, has thus become increasingly important. This very timely book, the only ...

  • Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation

    Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation

    At the dawn of the 21st century, biotechnology is emerging as a key enabling technology for sustainable environmental protection and stewardship. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation offers a state-of-the-art account of environmental biotechnology both in emerging and in more mature technological applications of soil remediation and cleanup of contaminated sites. Harnessing the potential of microorganisms and plants as ...

  • Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy

    Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy

    A NATO workshop was held in September 2007 under the Security through Science framework to consider the current challenges in regulation of the nuclear legacy. The overall objective was to share East-West competence and experience in radiation protection and nuclear safety supervision of installations built during the cold war, particularly in relation to regulatory strategies for safe decommissioning of unique or unusual nuclear facilities and ...

  • Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy

    Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy

    A NATO workshop was held in September 2007 under the Security through Science framework to consider the current challenges in regulation of the nuclear legacy. The overall objective was to share East-West competence and experience in radiation protection and nuclear safety supervision of installations built during the cold war, particularly in relation to regulatory strategies for safe decommissioning of unique or unusual nuclear facilities and ...

  • Chernobyl - What Have We Learned?

    Chernobyl - What Have We Learned?

    Twenty million people have been exposed to Chernobyl radionuclides through the Dnieper River aquatic pathways. This book presents a 20-year historical overview and comprehensive study results of the aquatic environment affected by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident. During this time, many water quality management practices and countermeasures were enacted. The book presents in-depth analyses of these water remediation actions, using current ...

  • Chlorinated Paraffins

    Chlorinated Paraffins

    Chlorinated paraffins are one of the last classes of chlorinated compounds that are still being produced worldwide and used in high quantities in many applications. They are particularly used in cutting oils in the metal industry, but also as lubricants, plasticizers, flame retardants and as additives in adhesives, rubber, paints and sealants. This volume covers the state-of-the-art of methods for the synthesis and analysis of chlorinated paraff

  • Climate and Land Degradation

    Climate and Land Degradation

    In many parts of the world, climatic variations are recognized as one of the major factors contributing to land degradation impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. To accurately assess sustainable land management practices, the climate resources and the risk of climate-related or induced natural disasters in a region must be known. Only when climate resources are paired with management or development practices can the land ...

  • Contaminated Rivers

    Contaminated Rivers

    The geomorphological, surficial and geochemical processes and conditions of rivers require a tailored set of strategies and programs to successfully clean up contaminated river reaches. The primary purpose of this book is not only to provide students and professionals with an introductory understanding of fluvial geomorphic principles but also to explain using a process oriented approach how these geomorphic principles can be integrated with ...

  • Emerging Environmental Technologies

    Emerging Environmental Technologies

    With increasing attention being paid to the changing environment and the underlining reasons from the change, scientists are working at a faster pace to invent technologies that could have a positive impact. This book exclusively focuses on the technologies that would be in the forefront in near to far future. Each and every article in the book is peer-reviewed and discusses the current environmental challenges, the novel innovation and future ...

  • Environmental Chemistry

    Environmental Chemistry

    Environmental chemistry is a new, fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. This book describes the state-of-the-art advances regarding the pollution of water, soils, atmosphere, food and living organisms by ...

  • Environmental Geochemistry of Potentially Toxic Metals

    Environmental Geochemistry of Potentially Toxic Metals

    The book focuses on heavy metals that have damaged the ecosystem Earth and its life forms. It characterizes natural and anthropogenic sources of pollutants, identifies physical, chemical and biological conditions that affect their ecosystem mobility. The book describes the pathways by which potentially toxic metals can access and concentrate to toxic levels in organisms. The text reviews the different environmental assessment, monitoring samples ...

  • Environmental Risk Assessment

    Environmental Risk Assessment

    This book deals with environmental and human risk problems caused by contamination from the perspective of real world applications with quantitative procedures. It includes risk methods for the discussion of environmental problems where data are sparse or fuzzy, as well as incorporating political, social and economic considerations in determining directions of remediation solutions for environmental contaminant problems. Furthermore, it ...

  • Equidosimetry

    Equidosimetry

    Considerable experience with radioecological and related ecological research on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems has been achieved, especially after the Chernobyl accident. The combined effects of the radiation, chemical and biological factors, after a contamination of the environment and during its remediation have shown an interactive complexity that highlights the need for equidosimetrical evaluations of the influence of the various ...

  • Fish and Diadromy in Europe (ecology, management, conservation)

    Fish and Diadromy in Europe (ecology, management, conservation)

    Most of the diadromous fish of the world have decreased in distribution and abundance since the beginning of the twentieth century. They are now threatened, and important conservation issues arise. The causes of these trends vary among species and basins but regional human impact (damming, pollution, fisheries) and global change (climate) are suspected to be responsible for these difficulties. This book contains selected papers from an ...

  • Innovative Approaches to the On-Site Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sites

    Innovative Approaches to the On-Site Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sites

    The in-situ and on-site assessment and remediation of contaminated sites, together with risk-based management and control of hazardous substances, are potentially less expensive than other assessment and remediation approaches, while maintaining accuracy and effectiveness. Cost-effective remedial and management approaches that are also effective in minimizing exposure and risk to human health and the environment are a critical need throughout ...

  • Manual for Soil Analysis - Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation

    Manual for Soil Analysis - Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation

    Reliable methods for monitoring and assessing soil quality are a prerequisite for successful soil bioremediation projects. The fifth volume of Soil Biology presents detailed descriptions of selected methods for evaluating, monitoring and assessing bioremediation treatments of soils contaminated with organic pollutants or heavy metals.Traditional soil investigation techniques, including chemical, physical and microbiological methods, are compleme

  • Monitors of Organic Chemicals in the Environment

    Monitors of Organic Chemicals in the Environment

    The information contained in this book will be of interest to all scientists involved in research concerning environmental contaminants. In addition, natural resource managers and regulatory agencies will greatly benefit from an awareness of this technology and its application to monitoring, exposure assessment and mitigation/remediation of environmental pollution. Also, as the passive, integrative sampling approach gains use in the ...

  • Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation

    Nanotechnology for Environmental Remediation

    The book examines the suitability of nanoscale zero-valent iron (ZVI) for degradation of agrochemicals for the purpose of developing a cost-effective treatment technology. It identifies by-products produced from the ZVI-mediated degradation process of particular contaminants, and clarifies the reaction mechanism by which ZVI degrades a chosen contaminant. It also assesses how the ZVI-based technology may be applied in complex, natural systems, ...