U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

USGS is a science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and useable information.

Company details

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive , Reston , VA 20192 USA
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Business Type:
Research institute
Industry Type:
Soil and Groundwater
Market Focus:
Internationally (various countries)

The USGS serves the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life.

Who We Are
The USGS employs the best and the brightest experts who bring a range of earth and life science disciplines to bear on problems. By integrating our diverse scientific expertise, the USGS is able to understand complex natural science phenomena and provide scientific products that lead to solutions. Every day the 10,000 scientists, technicians, and support staff of the USGS are working for you in more than 400 locations throughout the United States.


As the Nation's largest water, earth, and biological science and civilian mapping agency, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The diversity of our scientific expertise enables us to carry out large-scale, multi-disciplinary investigations and provide impartial scientific information to resource managers, planners, and other customers.


The USGS is organized with a Headquarters in Reston, Virginia. Thousands of USGS employees are working in every State in the Nation, with Regional Executives located in the Southeast, South Central region, Northeast, Midwest, Rocky Mountains, Northwest, Southwest and Alaska.

The following links provide information about our senior leadership, how we are structured, where we are located, and how to contact USGS employees:

Our Budget and Peformance
Access primary budget documents, information about performance measures, and other various management reports.


There are a variety of ways to interact with the USGS and its science. We invite you to explore the following information about doing business with us, partnering with our science programs, and being part of the USGS workforce.

Business Opportunities: The USGS is interested in forming cooperative partnerships with organizations from all levels of government and industry. The following links provide information about doing business and partnering with USGS.

Science Partnerships and Opportunities: Explore the collaborative work the USGS is doing with other Federal agencies, non-government organizations, State/local and tribal governments and the private sector as well as additional opportunites to partner with us and further our science mission.

Cooperative Agreements: The USGS works with many other Federal agencies and the private sector to accomplish its science mission through formal memorandums of understanding and memorandums of agreement.

International Activities: The USGS carries out international activities as a complement to its domestic programs. Learn more about the scientific and technical assistance being provided in more than 100 countries.

Activities Related to Native Americans: Learn more about the work USGS does in cooperation with American Indian and Alaska Native governments—including research on water and mineral resources; animals and plants important to subsistance the environment, or the economy; natural hazards; and geologic resources.

Employment Opportunities: Your one source for information on job openings, including senior management positions, student employment, Postdoctoral and Upward Mobility Programs, and volunteering.


The United States Geological Survey was established on March 3, 1879, just a few hours before the mandatory close of the final session of the 45th Congress, when President Rutherford B. Hayes signed the bill appropriating money for sundry civil expenses of the Federal Government for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1879.

The USGS is proud of its outstanding history of public service and scientific advances. USGS scientists pioneered hydrologic techniques for gaging the discharge in rivers and streams and modeling the flow of complex ground-water systems. The astronauts who landed on the Moon in 1969 were trained in geology by the USGS.

Innovative ventures with the private sector have given the world access to digital images of neighborhoods and communities in one of the largest data sets ever made available online.

Modern-day understanding of the formation and location of energy and mineral resource deposits is rooted in fundamental scientific breakthroughs by USGS scientists.

USGS biologists revolutionized thinking about managing wildlife resources, which has provided a sound scientific basis that lets waterfowl conservation and recreational hunting work in tandem as adaptive management, not as conflicting interests.

The following links provide historical information about the establishment of the USGS, the Directors of the USGS, and our 'virtual' museum showing historical artifacts owned by the organization: