Ash Analyses Articles

  • Ammonium, nitrate, and total nitrogen determination in fly ash

    Fly ash is a by-product of the combustion of pulverized coal and is composed of small particles. The composition of the fly ash may vary considerably, however, all fly ashes contain substantial amounts of silicon dioxide (SiO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and calcium oxide (CaO). Nowadays, air pollution control standards require a separation of flue gas before being released to the atmosphere. Fly ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Faecal sludge as a solid industrial fuel: a pilot-scale study

    Revenues from faecal sludge (FS) treatment end products could offset treatment costs and contribute to financially viable sanitation. In urban sub-Saharan Africa, energy-producing resource recovery has the potential to generate greater revenue than use as soil conditioner. In contrast with wastewater sludge, the technical feasibility of using dried FS as solid fuel in industries has not been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Knowledge, attitudes and practices on use of Fossa Alternas and double vault urine diverting dry (DVUDD) latrines in Malawi

    Fossa Alternas and double vault urine diverting dry (DVUDD) latrines have been extensively promoted as ecological sanitation (EcoSan) latrine options in Malawi, but little is known about whether they are used properly. A qualitative study of EcoSan users was conducted in Blantyre and Chikwawa districts, Malawi. Data were collected using in-depth interviews (IDIs). Twenty-eight (28) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Newbuild Power Station in Karlsruhe - Case Study

    EnBW is one of the biggest German energy suppliers. A major new build bituminous coal fired power plant construction project is the new boiler number 8 of the Rheinhafen Dampfkraftwerk (RDK) in Karlsruhe. The new boiler will have a capacity of 912 MWel with a heating capacity of 220 MWth. The unit will be erected beside the existing units RDK4s and RDK7 and have a net efficiency of > 46% ...

  • MECONTROL UBC Systems for Power Station Moorburg - Case Study

    Efficient City Power Plant Hamburg/ Germany, One of the largest new coal fired power projects is the new power station Moorburg with a net capacity of 1640 MW and with a heating capacity of up to 650 MW. The close vicinity to the city Hamburg makes it possible to increase the efficiency of the units by up to 46.5% with electricity only and 61% with heating. With SH and RH temperatures of ...

  • Estimation of Ascaris lumbricoides egg inactivation by free ammonia treatment of ash-amended UDDT vault products using stored urine in Uganda

    Urine-diverting dry toilets (UDDTs) are designed to recover nutrients and organic matter from human excreta for use as agricultural amendments, and have been promoted in many developing countries, including Uganda. Wider UDDT implementation could help address problems in areas where water scarcity limits sanitation coverage and/or declining soil fertility jeopardizes growing populations’ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Matrix Gemini LIMS at work a Contract Analysis Laboratory Case Study

    DM Scientific, a rapidly growing contract analysis laboratory for the Animal Feed Industry, has replaced its largely manual sample tracking and reporting system based on a spreadsheet with the Matrix Express 'out of the box' LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System) from Autoscribe. With previous experience of using Matrix Express ensuring an even faster than normal implementation the ...


    By Autoscribe Informatics

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Paste thickener bed level measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Port of London Authority Tidal Monitoring System - POLATIDE 5: High Level - Case Study

    Background: Valeport recently worked with marine data specialists, Oceanwise, to design and deliver a complete tidal monitoring system for the Port of London Authority (POLA), please read on to find out more about the system referred to as ‘POLATIDE 5’. Introduction: Valeport and OceanWise ...


    By Valeport Ltd

  • Lead determination in instant noodles

    Wet Digester B-440: Acid digestion and ashing using the Wet Digester B-440 followed by spectroscopic lead determination  Lead determination by ICP-MS using the Wet Digester B-440 for ashing gives reliable results with a recovery rate above 85 % and is in accordance to the FSSAI regulation. For the measured instant noodle samples the lead content was far below the permissible limit. ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Spatial and temporal trends in contaminant concentrations in Hexagenia nymphs following a coal ash spill at the Tennessee Valley Authority‘s Kingston Fossil Plant

    A dike failure at the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Kingston Fossil Plant in East Tennessee, United States, in December 2008 released approximately 4.1 million m3 of coal ash into the Emory River. From 2009 through 2012, samples of mayfly nymphs (Hexagenia bilineata) were collected each spring from sites in the Emory, Clinch, and Tennessee Rivers upstream and downstream of the spill. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Assessment of Trace‐Element Impacts on Agricultural Use of Water from the Dan River following the Eden Coal Ash Release

    Catastrophic events require rapid, scientifically sound decision‐making to mitigate impacts on human welfareandthe environment. The objective of this study was to analyze potential impacts of coal‐ash‐derived trace elements on agriculture following a 35,000‐tonne release of coal ash into the Dan River at the Duke Energy Steam Station in Eden, NC. We performed scenario calculations to assess ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Case study - High volume fly ash concrete for Colorado`s ocean journey aquarium

    From the visually breathtaking use of shotcrete to create the architectural features of rocks and trees in the Ocean Journey complex, to the 8,500 cubic yards of high performance concrete for the salt-water tanks and the structure in general – all benefited from the use of Headwaters Resources fly ash. S.A. Miro Engineering sought a high performance concrete with the following features: ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Case study - Seattle Seahawk Garage & Exhibition Hall

    Turner Construction chose a mix with 30% Class F fly ash to meet the architectural and performance needs for the Seattle Seahawks Garage and Exhibition Hall. Turner had already completed a number of projects for Seahawks owner Paul Allen (cofounder of Microsoft) – including the Rose Garden in Portland, Oregon – and intended to maintain the same high quality on this project that they ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Case study - Fly ash for California’s Olivenhain dam

    The Olivenhain Dam will be the first roller compacted concrete (RCC) gravity dam in California and the tallest in North America. At 308 feet tall and 2,552 feet long, the dam used almost 1.5 million cubic yards of RCC and over 152,000 tons of fly ash. As the centerpiece of the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) Emergency Storage Project, the dam is designed to survive a major earthquake and ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Case study - Fly ash for stone matrix asphalt in Oregon

    Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) is the latest low wear, long life asphalt pavement. It has a proven track record in Europe and is growing in popularity with State Department of Transportations across the country. Georgia alone placed over two million tons of SMA on its roads last year. The Oregon DOT is the latest to adopt SMA and is using it as a high durability asphalt wearing surface on 10 miles of ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Case study - Point Mugu Naval Airstrip

    The runway is located at the Point Mugu Naval Air Station in Southern California. Economy, durability, low shrinkage and high strength were accomplished by reducing the amount of portland cement used in the concrete while utilizing large volumes of fly ash. In addition to field performance, this approach provided the added environmental goal of reducing the CO2 released into the air through ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Case study - Fly ash concrete modified strength projects

    In order to remain current with sustainable concrete design and construction practices, it is becoming more important to enable ready mix producers to supply innovative performance mixes that contain optimum percentages of fly ash. These mixes can be used to meet sustainable development practices, durability and exposure requirements, associated life-cycle costs, LEED building credits, economic ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Case study - Fly ash concrete design for Chicago’s 100-year road structure

    After years of heavy use, Wacker Drive, a major two-level viaduct in downtown Chicago, Illinois needed to be rebuilt. The Chicago Department of Transportation (CDOT) set ambitious goals for the $200 million concrete structure because of its central location and importance to downtown traffic flow. The end result is a more durable roadway with a service life of 75 to 100 years. Originally built ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

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