Carbon Capture Applications

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  • Category: Energy & Renewables ×

  • Subcategory: Carbon Capture ×

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications

by Gasmet Technologies Oy     based in Helsinki, FINLAND

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging method of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of power plants. In a process called ‘scrubbing’, the carbon dioxide emissions can be absorbed into chemical solvents consisting of amines or carbonates. Scrubbing is a well-established method of carbon capture, with virtually every commercial CO2 capture plant in operation using this process. In the process, the first step is the removal of impurities from the flue gas, such as hydrocarbons and oxides of both nitrogen and sulfur (NOx and SOx). Next the purified gas is passed through an absorption column filled with the chemical scrubbing solvent. The solvent reacts with the carbon dioxide and selectively absorbs it from the gas stream. When CO2-rich solvent is heated, the carbon dioxide is released as a nearly pure gas.

Measurement solution for CO2 capture by amine absorption

by Protea Limited     based in Middlewich, UNITED KINGDOM

The act of capturing and storing CO2 produced from large scale combustion plants such as power stations is becoming more and more favourable and feasible. One of the most common post-combustion CO2 capture methods is by absorption. The absorption plant can be added on to the existing combustion process, with the flue gas first passing through an absorption column where the CO2 reacts with an absorber. Amines of different types are used as the absorber. An amine CO2 capture plant can capture as much as 90% of the CO2 emitted from the power station and so has a real benefit for the environment. Having said this, care needs to be taken to ensure that amine emissions themselves are monitored, managed and prove no extra damage to the environment. Research is on-going to develop new amines or mixtures of amines to reduce emissions. The most common absorber in use in today’s first generation of industrial pilot plants is Monoethanolamine (MEA).

Continuous emissions monitoring for carbon capture and storage

by Enviro Technology Services plc     based in Stroud, UNITED KINGDOM

The process control of a CO2 capture plant needs good and reliable detection of gas phase NH3. Measuring NH3 is a challenge due to the corrosive environment and high concentrations of NH3. Several places in the process needs to be monitored and to transport the sample is difficult. A large dynamic range is needed as the NH3 concentration can vary between 15% volume and a few mg/m3. 

Solutions for the aerobic bioremediation

by The BioSolve Company     based in Lexington, MASSACHUSETTS (USA)

BioSolve Pinkwater is used to accelerate natural bioremediation of contaminated soil either on site through surface application or on land farms through application to biopiles. When Pinkwater solution is sprayed onto and aggressively mixed into contaminated soil, hydrocarbons come in contact with the strongly “lipophilic” (oil loving) surfactant. Mimicking the process by which bacteria make hydrocarbons digestible, the surfactants “solubilize” contaminates, pulling them into an aqueous phase. This greatly enhances “bioavailability” for naturally occurring hydrocarbon degrader bacteria. Bacteria are able to more rapidly consume the contaminating oil/fuel, thereby dramatically accelerating the biodegradation process.

Continuous emissions monitoring for CO2 capture

by Opsis AB     based in Furulund, SWEDEN

The process control of a CO2 capture plant needs good and reliable detection of gas phase NH3 and CO2. Measuring NH3 is a challenge due to the corrosive environment and high concentrations of NH3. Several places in the process needs to be monitored and to transport the sample is difficult. A large dynamic range is needed as the NH3 concentration can vary between 15% volume and a few mg/m3.

Air pollution control for the composite & carbon fiber industry

by Anguil Environmental Systems, Inc.     based in Milwaukee, WISCONSIN (USA)

Anguil is intimately familiar with emission capture, control and compliance hurdles that composite and carbon fiber producers face. We specifically address the needs of our carbon fiber customers with proprietary oxidizer designs for furnace and oven emissions. Our systems are recognized for energy efficient operation and destruction capabilities by the U.S. Federal Government at their Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL). Anguil continues to help producers drive down energy consumption and emission output through our participation in The Beacon, an initiative at the forefront of green manufacturing practices for fiber production.

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