Combustion Monitoring Articles

  • Process-generated contaminants

    Overview: There is not currently a formal and universally recognised definition of a process-generated substance. Process-generated contaminants can be generated as emissions from combustion processes, abrasion and/or other processes that physically or chemically degrade or otherwise modify the starting material(s), e.g. degradation/composting of organic materials. Such ...

  • Why You Should Consider a Sample Conditioning Unit for Taking Low NOx Measurements When Using a Portable Emissions Analyzer

    Using state-of-the-art technology, we here at E Instruments create high-quality portable industrial combustion gas and emissions analyzers that are capable of taking precise, low NOx measurements for both NO and NO2. In particular, we recommend our sample conditioning unit to those of you who need to take accurate, low NOx or SO2 ...

  • Optimizing VOC Combustion - Case Study

    Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are pre-cursors to Ozone pollution and subject to EPA regulations. Thermal and catalytic oxidizers are routinely used to destroy VOC emissions from a variety of industrial sources. ...

  • Ammonium, nitrate, and total nitrogen determination in fly ash

    Fly ash is a by-product of the combustion of pulverized coal and is composed of small particles. The composition of the fly ash may vary considerably, however, all fly ashes contain substantial amounts of silicon dioxide (SiO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and calcium oxide (CaO). Nowadays, air pollution control standards require a separation of flue gas before being released to the atmosphere. Fly ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Combustible Dust: It Doesn’t Take Much

    A dust accumulation of 1/32 of an inch deep—about the thickness of a dime—covering just five percent of a room’s surface area doesn’t sound like much, but it’s enough to cause a catastrophic explosion, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Although good engineering and safety practices to prevent dust explosions have existed for decades, there ...


    By SafetySmart

  • Introducing LaserGas III SP CO – a combustion analyzer for rough environments

    NEO Monitors unveils the industry’s most compact CO combustion analyzer suitable for the most demanding environments. LaserGas III CO includes measurement of CH4, H2O and temperature in one single unit designed to reduce risk. Based on decades of experience and customer feedback, NEO Monitors has designed an Ex-d certified tunable diode laser (TDLS) analyzer. The instrument is ...


    By NEO Monitors AS

  • TOC Analysis for Standard Methods 5310B: High-Temperature Combustion Method

    Introduction Total Organic Carbon (TOC) is a rapid method that analyzes for organic carbon and expresses the result as the amount of carbon found. It is a non-specific method unable to distinguish between various organic species and only indicates that organic carbon compounds are present. Organic carbon analyzers operate by the determination of the amount of total carbon present in a ...

  • Iron Ore Pelletizing Plants - Case Study

    Changing the iron ore processing chain The iron ore being mined globally can approximately be divided equally into boulders and fines. For further processing boulders have to be sized to 10-30 mm for blast furnaces and 6-18 mm for sponge iron plants. Iron ore in a finely ground state is not easily transported or readily processed .The iron ore pelletizing process agglomerates the fine ...

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Measurement of TOC in Perfluorochemical (PFOS) Solution

    PFOS is an extremely stable compound with strong carbon - fluorine bonds, and reports of its accumulation in wildlife and the environment have attracted international attention and concern, leading to the designation of PFOS as a persistent organic pollutant (POP).The persistent nature of PFOS prevents oxidative decomposition using wet chemical oxidation TOC analyzers; however, the Shimadzu ...

  • Analysis of national responses under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive in 2015

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the application of the EU ETS Directive The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments that has been implemented in the European Union (EU) to achieve its objectives of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a cost-effective manner. The EU ETS covers certain activities that emit carbon dioxide ...

  • Case study - Oxidizer system optimization

    OXIDIZER SERVICE SERIES: PART 4 As promised, this is the fourth installment of Anguil's Oxidizer Service Series. If you have read through the first three parts, this can be seen as a capstone of those efforts. Having a strong oxidizer service plan, backed up with recommended spare parts and all of the proper documentation will not only improve your system performance but also allow you to focus ...

  • Analysing coloured smoke | Pearl or Quest?

    Coloured smoke consists of an aerosol of tiny particles which is combusted or vaporized. The particular pigment or dye of each colour affects the colour of the smoke. The mixture usually includes a cool-burning formula based on potassium chlorate oxidiser, dextrin or lactose as fuel. Then one or more dyes are introduced to account for around half of the mixture. A small amount of sodium ...


    By Specac Limited

  • The Goldilocks of Combustion Solutions

    It’s not too big, it’s not too small… It’s just right! We hear it all the time from our customers: “The ABUTEC 200 is too small for our site, but the HTF is too large. Can you create a custom unit?” The answer sometimes surprises those customers. While yes, we can certainly develop a custom unit just for your site, a more efficient (and cost-effective) ...


  • Typical Sensor Location Considerations

    The sensor mounting location within a space may be dependent on many variables. There are no specific formulas since each application will have it’s own determining factors and priorities. These include, but are not limited to: source of gas: Is the source a combustion exhaust from a vehicle or furnace or a vapour from a tank spill, pipe leak, or faulty valve? density of ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Greenstars portable monitoring for CHP and flares case study

    Greenstar's award-winning KTK landfill site in Kilcullen, Co. Kildare, is unusual in Ireland in that it has three gas engines feeding electricity to the grid and two flares. In Ireland, while flaring is common, engines are not. The flares are run in tandem with engines so that if an engine is ramped down for repair or service, the flare ramps up automatically. All are supplied by 122 landfill gas ...


    By Geotech

  • If you can’t stand the CO2, get out of the kitchen – Part 2

    In Part 1 we reviewed the many standards, specifications and technical bulletins on commercial kitchen ventilation that have been published since 2000. In Part 2 we investigate four of the more recent ones, with a particular focus on carbon dioxide (CO2) ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Paint booths, or areas using combustible gases: why a requirement for combustible gas monitor might be necessary

    Paint booths save time and ensure a smooth and professional application of paint in a range of industries, including automotive, aerospace, home decor, furniture, and more. Combustible gases and fluids in the paint booth environment can pose a health hazard if something goes wrong. Explore the hidden dangers of paint booth fluids and gases, and learn how a ...

  • Small Engine Inspection

    A small engine repair shop needed a borescope, primarily to conduct engine and valve inspections. The instrument had to small and portable, had to articulate in order view in inside of the combustion chamber, piston dome and valves, and it had to have image capture capability. The VJ-ADV from RF System Lab was selected because it met all of these requirements. In addition to saving time on ...


    By RF System Lab.

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

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