Carbon Markets Articles

  • Carbon fiber on the DELTA FORCE boom range

    Lower weight gives a more stable boom Carbon fiber helps the boom in many areas, primarily due to the low weight and the stiffness of the material which is one of its most distinguished strengths. The lower weight means that the center part gets fewer strengths to be controlled when the boom must be precisely controlled above the crop on rough ground. It is not much use to have a ...


    By Hardi International A/S

  • Hitting the ground running…

    It’s great for a new President to have two big hits in a single day. We launched the Energy Barometer in Parliament on 23 June at an event hosted by Neil Parish MP, recently installed as Chair of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee. A large audience filled the splendid committee rooms in the ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • China readies national carbon market to fight climate change

    BEIJING (AP) - At first, the numbers and company names flashing on a big board in Beijing's financial district suggest a booming market. A closer look indicates otherwise: The scrolling list rotates the same dozen or so trades, all from last year. The lights from the Beijing Environment Exchange - one of seven pilot markets in China for trading carbon - raises ...


    By Associated Press

  • Carbon market and global climate governance: limitations and challenges

    Climate change has been a challenge to international diplomacy and to global climate governance (GCG) involving governments, companies and civil society. This paper discusses the limitations and challenges of the global carbon market as a mechanism of GCG and its role in the post–Kyoto period. This study is part of an interdisciplinary and multi–institutional research about GCG and carbon market ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Voluntary carbon market and its contributions to sustainable development: analysis of the Monte Pascoal-Pau Brazil ecological corridor

    This paper aims to analyse the co–benefits of reforestation projects developed in the voluntary carbon market based on the analysis of a single case study: the ecological corridor project Monte Pascoal-Pau Brazil, the first forest restoration project in Latin America to receive the seal climate community and biodiversity (CCB). To achieve this purpose, the research combined: i) primary ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Market structure and the enforcement of emissions taxes

    This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the nature of an optimal emissions tax when firms’ emissions are not perfectly observable, specifically in two types of market structure: perfect competition and Cournot competition with and without free market entry. The purpose is to examine how the optimal tax is affected by enforcement costs and the market structure. We find that market ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tourism in Croatia between the two world wars: the Dubrovnik district case

    By exploring the archive records and the relevant literature from a historical perspective, this paper perceives the development of tourism in Croatia in the Interbellum. With the loss of the emissive Austro-Hungarian market after 1918 and within the frame of the smaller and poorer market of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, service industries in the Dubrovnik district ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EU narrows down carbon-market overhaul options, climate action commissioner says

    The European Union's regulatory arm is winnowing down the options for a long-term overhaul of the world's biggest carbon market and aims to make a decision in the coming months, EU Climate Action Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said. The European Commission has floated several scenarios to help curb a record glut of emission permits and boost the price of carbon in the bloc's €54 billion ($72 ...


    By Bloomberg BNA

  • 4 Key issues surrounding climate policies, carbon markets, and competitiveness

    Even in the absence of an international framework for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, several countries, states, and provinces are developing and implementing climate policies. A growing number of these policies include market-based programs, some of which aim to link to each other through regional and global ...

  • Explaining the construction of global carbon markets: REDD+ as a test case?

    Market–based instruments increasingly shape international environmental governance. Against this background, this paper puts forward a conceptual framework on the development of regulated global carbon markets. Regarding the adoption of carbon trading as an instance of wider shifts in governance allows us to benefit from the rich literature on (international) institutional change. At the same ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Failed announcement on EU ETS generates uncertainty in carbon market

    Carbon traders criticise European Commission’s failed announcement on carbon credits for damaging investor’s confidence. The Carbon Markets and Investors Association (CMIA) has widely criticised the European Commission's change in its decision to ban the use of industrial gas offset credits in the EU’s emissions trading scheme (ETS), saying that the uncertainty could restrict ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • The Carbon Market and the Post-2012 Climate Regime: Key Legal Scenarios

    Less then six months before Copenhagen, even the broad outline of the post-2012 legal framework remains undecided. The reasons for this are both political and procedural. Legal issues are politically highly sensitive – this is the main reason why they have not been clarified earlier. Procedurally, negotiations are proceeding on two separate “tracks,” one under the Kyoto Protocol and another one ...

  • Lessons learned from the financial crisis: Designing carbon markets for environmental effectiveness and financial stability

    The spectacular market and regulatory failures we have witnessed in the current financial crisis provide a cautionary tale for any future carbon trading program. The crisis has highlighted the importance of preventing speculative bubbles and excessive risk-taking, how failures in one market can pose broader risks to the financial system, and the need for robust financial regulation. This article ...

  • Regulatory challenges for financial and carbon markets

    The controversy about how financial derivatives markets are to be regulated that has been opened up by the credit crunch is in many ways parallel to the widening debate over regulation of carbon markets. Both markets involve hitherto untried attempts at commodification: in the case of the financial markets, commodification of an unprecedented range of uncertainties, and in the case of the carbon ...

  • Who picks up the remainder? Mitigation in developed and developing countries

    A fair, effective, flexible and inclusive climate regime beyond 2012 will need several political balances. Mitigation and funding will be at the heart of the agreement. The IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report indicates that absolute reductions will be needed in Annex I (AI) countries and substantial deviation from baseline in some non-Annex I (NAI) regions by 2020. Although the latter was not ...

  • Offsets in the international emissions market: Do buyers get what they pay for?

    This paper analyses buyer preferences in the context of the market for emissions trading under the UNFCCC. The purpose of this paper is to investigate pricing of offsets (Certified Emissions Reductions or “CERs” under the UNFCCC) (through an empirical survey of two segments of the authorized CER buyer market) to understand the relationship between buyer preferences for CER carbon offsets in the ...

  • Market convergence through the back door: Inadvertent integration of the world’s carbon markets under NAFTA

    Canada has promised to set up a greenhouse gas trading program to facilitate its greenhouse gas emissions reductions and has expressed an interest in tying its program to the European Union Emission Trading Scheme. At the same time, the United States Congress is contemplating legislation that would set up the country’s own, domestically-scaled GHG trading program and attempt to insulate it from ...

  • Voluntary carbon market is fast becoming big business

    If anyone had doubts about the importance of the voluntary carbon market they would certainly have been overcome by the announcement last month by Merrill Lynch of a new carbon offset service to assist businesses to reduce emissions through voluntary offsets. In partnership with ICF International, Merrill Lynch’s new Green and Gold initiative is the latest in a series of moves by major financial ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Understanding the voluntary carbon market

    The monitoring, reducing and offsetting of carbon emissions by corporations, organisations and individuals is rapidly moving from an ‘if’ and ‘why’ scenario to a ‘when’ and ‘how’ one. For the Kyoto Protocol signatory nations, this shift is one that combines elements of education, obligation and cooperation. For the few nations that have not signed on to the Kyoto Protocol, the change in ...

  • Establishing a global carbon market

    In its 2007 publication Policy Directions to 2050, the WBCSD proposes an outline for a post-2012 international framework. It features four key elements: The establishment of a quantifiable long-term (50-year) trajectory for the management of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Global cooperation to accelerate energy technology development and deployment and enable the rapid transfer of ...

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