Environmental Assessments Articles

  • Uncertainty in life cycle inventory data

    Addressing uncertainty in LCI data with particular emphasis on variability in upstream supply chains. Uncertainty in Life Cycle Assessment is usually related to measurement errors determination of the relevant data, e.g., consumption or emission figures. This white paper addresses thinkstep’s recommendations for addressing the quantification of uncertainty in an LCA ...


    By thinkstep

  • Global guidance principles for life cycle assessment databases

    A basis for greener processes and products - ‘Shonan Guidance Principles’ The document provides guidance principles for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) databases; this includes how to collect raw data, how to develop datasets and how to manage databases. The publication also addresses questions concerning data documentation and review, coordination among databases, ...


    By thinkstep

  • LCA’s theory and practice

    Like ebony and ivory living in perfect harmony? Life cycle assessment (LCA) is recognized as a trustworthy, scientific while understandable approach to address the environmental sustainability of human activities. It is applied for multiple uses in internal and external information supply and for decision support. The Whitepaper provides the context for framing the ...


    By thinkstep

  • Substance compliance for sustainability

    Turning requirements into opportunities. Answers for industry. Substance compliance helps manufacturers develop products that comply with government mandated environmental regulations. Companies that leverage compliance as an integral element in their lifecycle processes (as opposed to treating compliance only as an event) gain competitive advantage by getting their products ...


    By thinkstep

  • Life cycle assessment - An executive overview

    An Executive Overview of Applications, Market Drivers and Business Benefits Rising demands from customers and regulators for improved environmental performance and increased transparency are driving a surge in interest Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a tool for improvement and innovation while avoiding burden shifting and unintended consequences. Read this executive overview ...


    By thinkstep

  • Life cycle assessment

    The white paper describes the concept of Life Cycle Assessment and what LCA can do for you. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is the systematic analysis of the environmental impact of products during their entire life cycle. The life cycle of a product comprises of production, use and disposal phases. Environmental impacts are evaluated throughout, also including the upstream and ...


    By thinkstep

  • Assessing the impact of volcanic eruptions on climate extremes using CMIP5 models

    This study analyzes extreme temperature and precipitation responses over the global land to five explosive tropical volcanic eruptions that occurred since the 1880s, using CMIP5 multi-model simulations. Changes in annual extreme indices during post-eruption years are examined using a composite analysis. First, a robust global decrease in extreme temperature is found, which is stronger than the ...

  • What the REC? Understanding RECs, CRECs and HRECs in a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment

    With all of the acronyms in the environmental consulting industry, reading a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment report can be a challenge.  And if the report contains the acronym REC, confusion may give way to dread. A Recognized Environmental Condition, or REC, is a ...


    By PM Environmental

  • The Environmental Impact Assessment EIA

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the set of studies carried out by a multidisciplinary team, with detailed technical data, which evaluates the consequences of a given project for the environment. In the EIA, the impacts that a given project can cause in the environment, as well as the presentation of mitigating measures, are identified and evaluated technically and impartially. In ...

  • Groundwater quality assessment and its suitability for agricultural purposes in the Behbahan Plain, SW Iran

    Groundwater is the main agricultural water resource in arid and semi-arid regions, so, preserving it is extremely important. In this study, groundwater quality was assessed for irrigation, using the principal chemical and physical quality parameters from 30 wells in the study area. Groundwater classification on the basis of electrical conductivity reveals that more than 85% of the samples taken ...


    By IWA Publishing

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