Health & Safety Articles

  • A Stakeholders` View of Environmental Reporting.

    The Core Functions of Environmental Reporting The initial goal of much environmental reporting was simply to demonstrate a company's commitment to the environment. The debate, however, has moved on, and now the central objective of any environmental report has to be able to communicate environmental performance. Further wider ranging objectives may also be attributed to the document, including ...


    By Certification Europe

  • Petrochemicals Manufacturing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Coal Mining and Production Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • All Waste is not created equal

    If you live in a house, apartment or similar abode, you produce waste. Right? You probably can't go a week without producing waste. All kinds of waste. Call it trash if you want. It's still waste. And if you don't live where recycling is mandatory or there is no outlet for your voluntary environmental tendencies, everything goes into the trash - bottles, cans, cardboard, plastics, bottle caps, ...


  • Tanning and Leather Finishing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • H2S Safety in Sour Gas Operations

    How GasFinder works Boreal Laser’s GasFinder & GasFinder MC are open-path gas detectors that use an integrated transmitter/receiver unit and a remote, passive retro-reflector. In GasFinder (see below) the transceiver als o houses the laser diode, drive electronics, detector module and micro-computer subsystems. The transceiver unit is contained in an IP65 enclosure and has connectors for ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Textiles Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Analysis of Stack Emissions Using VOST Air Sampling Tubes and Capillary GC

    United States EPA SW-846, Method 0030, Volatile Organic Sampling Train (VOST), describes the sampling of emissions for volatile compounds from hazardous waste incinerator stacks. Supelco's VOST air sampling tubes are designed to fulfill the method requirements and provide low background levels.               ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Field Sampling for Pesticides, Using Solid Phase Microextraction/Capillary GC

    An SPME portable field sampler can be used to extract analytes from samples in the field, then store them for up to 3 days, or longer, before performing the analysis. A field sampler with a 100µm polydimethylsiloxane-coated fiber extracts chlorinate, organophosphorus, triazine, and other pestricides from water.  After 24 hours of storage, analyte loss from storage containers was far ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Field Analytical and Site Characterization Technologies: Summary of Applications

    Abstract This report provides information about experiences in the use of field analytical and site characterization technologies at contaminated sites drawn from 204 applications of the technologies listed below. For each technology, information is presented on the reported uses of the technology; including the types of pollutants and media for which the technology was used; reported advantages ...

  • Taming Wastewater Odors: ILC Dover, Inc. Case Study

    Though once a relatively isolated, rural treatment plant site, the McAlpine Creek Wastewater Management Facility (W\VMF) in Charlotte, N.C., found itself surrounded by residential and commercial developments in early 1995. Driven by the desire to maintain a good neighbor policy, McAlpine Creek, the largest of the Chatlotte-Mecklenburg Utilities (CMUD) wastewater treatment plants with a 64 million ...


  • Biological Treatment Technologies

    Decontamination companies and researchers in France are working to restore polluted soil using treatments that range from biological methods to soil washing and incineration. The problem of polluted soil was dramatically illustrated prior to construction of the Stade de France soccer stadium built for the 1998 World Cup. The location of the site, on industrial wasteland just north of Paris, ...

  • Open Burn/Open Detonation

    Introduction: Open burn (OB) and open detonation (OD) operations are conducted to destroy excess, obsolete, or unserviceable (EOU) munitions and energetic materials. In OB operations, energetics or munitions are destroyed by self-sustained combustion, which is ignited by an external source, such as flame, heat, or a detonation wave. In this case, an auxilliary fuel may be added to initiate and ...

  • Lucent Technologies low level oxygen removal

    The increasing complexity and level of intergration in ULSI devices is requiring higher levels of water purity.  A typical wafer uses between 20 to 200 separate rinsing steps.  Impurities in the rinse water such as particles, high dissolved oxygen content, organic contaminants and gas bubbles can cause defects.  Controlling oxide formation on the wafer surface is one of the reasons for reducing ...

  • On-Site Incineration Tames Arsenal Waste Mixture

    Toxic wastes from various chemical processing activities at Rocky Mountain Arsenal (RMA) had accumulated in on-site evaporation basins over many years. The highly corrosive wastes, which posed environmental and potential health hazards, were by-products of the U.S. government’s chemical weapons program during World War 11 and its later weapons disposal program, as weIl as sorne pesticide ...


  • Utilisation of Methane to Generate Electricity: BHP Appin and Tower Collieries

    Background BHP Collieries Division operates five underground coal mines in and around the Illawarra region of NSW. They include the Appin and Tower mines which are situated north-west of Wollongong and some 75 kilometres from Sydney. These two mines produce around 3.5 million tonnes of coal per year which is primarily used for domestic steel making. Some coking and energy coal is also ...


  • Reduction in Airborne Dust and Cleaning Costs: Sale of Waste Limestone Dust - Blue Circle Southern Cement, Limestone Mine

    Background The Marulan South limestone mine is part of the Blue Circle Southern Cement company. It is situated on the edge of the Shoalhaven River gorge adjoining the Morton National Park 380 km south west of Sydney. The company supplies limestone to cement plants at Berrima and Maldon as well as the BHP steelworks at Port Kembla. The mine has a total production of three ...


  • Replacement of Methylene Chloride and Phenyl Based Paint Stripping Solution with a Benzyl Alcohol Based Product: Qantas Airways

     Background Qantas Airways Limited operates domestically within Australia and flies internationally to Asia, Europe and the USA. Its routine overseas flights provide some of the longest sectors flown by any airline. Qantas currently has thirty one 747 ëjumboí and twenty 767 wide bodied aircraft in its fleet. Qantas aircraft are painted with a coating which must provide effective ...


  • Minimisation of Hazardous Waste: Bayer Formulation Plant

     Background Bayer Australia Limited formulates agricultural and veterinary products for the Australian and New Zealand markets at their Wyong Formulation Plant in NSW. Due to the nature of the materials the company has adopted a vigorous approach towards monitoring the quality and minimising the quantity of the waste it generates. In January 1992 the company launched a waste ...


  • Detecting Arsenic in Soil using Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence

    Abstract Rapid, accurate on site determination of arsenic and heavy metal levels in soil is a powerful tool in efforts to rebuild and revitalize abandoned and under-utilized industrial properties. The EPA is actively spearheading initiatives to encourage assessment, clean-up and re-use of these industrial properties. In the case of heavy metals (often the eight RCRA metals Pb, As, Cd, ...

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