Chlorinated Solvents Articles

  • Practitioner Spotlight--Dan Keltner

    Name Dan Keltner Office Naperville, IL (Chicago) Practice Area Transaction Support Areas of expertise ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Raynesway resource park - Case Study

    The Raynesway Resource Park is a 35 hectare site bounded on three sides by the River Derwent. The southern half of a former chemicals plant, soils and groundwaters were impacted by chlorinated solvents, acid tars, hydrocarbons and ammoniacal sludges. Celtic designed a sophisticated groundwater treatment system, integrating air sparging, multi-phase extraction and chemical oxidation to address ...


    By CELTIC Technologies Ltd

  • Performance of DNAPL source depletion technologies 2 at 59 Chlorinated solvent-impacted sites

    Abstract Performance and rebound of intensive source depletion technologies were evaluated at 59 chlorinated solvent sites where remediation targeted dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zones. The four technologies included in the study are chemical oxidation, enhanced bioremediation, thermal treatment, and surfactant/cosolvent flushing. Performance was evaluated by examining ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In Situ Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents

    ABSTRACT: In situ bioremediation is ongoing at a former manufacturing facility in Portland, Oregon.  Shallow groundwater at the site was impacted by chlorinated solvents, primarily trichloroethene and degradation products cis-1,2-dichloroethene and vinyl chloride.  In situ chemical oxidation treatment was completed in 2003 via the injection of sodium permanganate in source ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • CL-Out In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate

    CL-Out is a consortium of facultative aerobic organisms that are well know for their ability to utilize nitrates.  CL-Out is generally used for the aerobic cometabolism of PCE and other chlorinated solvents.  As the half-reaction for perchlorate is close to that of nitrate, CL-Out cometabolism of perchlorate was successfully tested in the laboratory.  In addition to laboratory ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Co‐occurrence of 1,4‐dioxane with trichloroethylene in chlorinated solvent groundwater plumes at US Air Force installations: Fact or fiction

    Increasing regulatory attention to 1,4‐dioxane has prompted the United States Air Force (USAF) to evaluate potential environmental liabilities, primarily associated with legacy contamination, at an enterprise scale. Although accurately quantifying environmental liability is operationally difficult given limited historic environmental monitoring data, 1,4‐dioxane is a known constituent (i.e., ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Source area bioremediation of chlorinated solvents with edible oils emulsion

    Groundwater in a sand and gravel aquifer beneath this active manufacturing facility was contaminated with high concentrations of 1,1,1- Trichloroethane (1TCA) and cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cDCE), and their degradation products including ethene and ethane. An acclimated anaerobic microbial population was present at the site, but was limited by the availability of carbon. Emulsified edible oil was ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • EHC® plume treatment for TCE and daughters, installed in 2008

    The Meteor Park Development, formerly the Delta Metals engineering facility (Figure 1), lies close to Birmingham city centre. In the years prior to 2006, development had been marginal due to spiraling remediation costs associated with significant impacts to site groundwater and soil. The lead consultant and remediation contractor (WSP Remediation Ltd.) adopted a combination of sustainable on-site ...


  • Bioaugmentation Following ISCO Treatment

    CL-Out bioaugmentation was implemented following ISCO treatment of TCE-contaminated ground water.  Through bioaugmentation the ground water remediation was complated and ground water conditions were restored in 30 days. Background The chlorinated solvent trichloroethylene (TCE) was discovered in ground water at a manufacturing facility in eastern Massachusetts. ISCO was selected for ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • pH control for enhanced reductive bioremediation of chlorinated solvent source zones

    Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attractive treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to groundwater acidification thereby ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Acidity production and buffer requirements for in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    Acidity production and buffer model Developed batch abiotic model in PHREEQC-2 using overall stoichiometry for reductive dechlorination Reaction is divided in steps, buffer is added as required to maintain minimum design pH Model considers: Expected extent of dechlorination Site water chemistry H2 ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Petroleum hydrocarbon and chlorinated solvent case study

    Project Description The site is an active fueling terminal located in Van Nuys, California USA. The site has 1underground storage tanks of petroleum fuel as well as numerous above ground storage tanks for containment of various hydrocarbon and chlorinated solvent compounds. Site Geology Soils at the location consist primarily of interbedded layers of silt, ...

  • Chlorinated solvents: methylene chloride and TCE

    Introduction This paper presents the results of a scaled and phased approach to source remediation of high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds via soil vapor extraction (SVE) and vapor treatment at a Site in Southern California. Phase I began with refrigerated condensation (C3) in order to achieve high mass removal rates to reduce lifecycle costs and time ...

  • Landfill remediation with refrigerants and chlorinated solvents

    PROJECT DESCRIPTION Between 1979 and 1980, industrial and hazardous wastes were disposed of at the Site in a series of unlined pits, each of which was used for a particular type of waste disposal. It is reported based on evaluations of manifests that approximately 3.4 million gallons of hazardous liquid wastes and between 3,700 and 4,100 tons of solid wastes were disposed of in the pits ...

  • Editor’s perspective - solvent cleanup standards

    Risk-assessment science is a critical tenet of the remediation industry, as it is the underlying basis of the majority of cleanup work performed. However, risk-assessment science is, for the most part, poorly understood by a large portion of environmental professionals. Most seasoned professionals understand the basic risk-assessment concepts related to the dose-response and exposure duration ...

  • Remediation of chlorinated ethenes, ethanes, and methanes in groundwater using carbon- and iron-based electron donor

    Field-scale pilot tests were performed to evaluate enhanced reductive dechlorination (ERD) of dissolved chlorinated solvents at a former manufacturing facility located in western North Carolina (the site). Results of the site assessment indicated the presence of two separate chlorinated solvent–contaminated groundwater plumes, located in the northern and southern portions of the site. The ...


  • Geochemical Effects of Perozone®: Important for Bio?

    Perozone® (peroxide-coated ozone) is used as a stand alone ISCO remediation technique at several sites where chlorinated solvents and their breakdown products are present. In both source and plume area low ppb levels appeared to be achievable. However, in some cases a combined ISCO-BIO approach may lead to lower cost. ISCO is then used for source removal and BIO is used for polishing before site ...


    By Verhoeve Milieu & Water

  • Design tool for estimation of buffer requirement for enhanced reductive dechlorination of chlorinated solvents in groundwater

    Abstract To assist in the design of enhanced reductive dechlorination systems for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent source zones, the software BUCHLORAC (Buffering Of Dechlorination Acidity) was developed to pr edict the amount of buffer required to maintain the groundwater pH in a DNAPL treatment zone within the optimal range for dechlorinating bacteria. Reductive ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • pHcontrol for enhanced reductive bioremediation of chlorinated solvent source zones

    Abstract Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attr active treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to groundwater acidifica tion ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • How To: Bioremediate chlorinated solvents without accumulating metabolites

    Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE), commonly used as dry cleaning solvents and degreasers, pose an ongoing threat to human health and wildlife when spilled into groundwater. Through the injection of bioremediation products into the impacted groundwater, the chlorine atoms can be removed from these compounds in situ. ...


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