Refrigerants Compliance Articles

  • Cool energy saving: how to cut energy waste from refrigeration and chilling

    With an ongoing focus on energy and carbon management and cutting costs, the FMCG sector has a need to achieve energy savings, and refrigeration and chilling is the perfect place to focus. Whether it be manufacturing processes, food storage in distribution centres, or the operation of supermarket displays, ...


    By Inprova Energy

  • Eliminate Degassing When Measuring Viscosity of Compressor Oils

    Compressor oils can create unique challenges when trying to measure viscosity. Dissolved gases from refrigerants, in particular, tend to bubble out when these oils are measured using traditional viscometers. This can create errors in the measurement, typically causing readings to be much lower than they should be. One way to get around this problem is to allow the oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Vopak Waste Management - Case Study

    Learn how Vopak uses webWMS to reduce their costs and manage their waste streams in ways both beneficial to the company and the environment.  Laurance Goodman discusses how managing waste on paper, sticky notes and spreadsheets was not an effective way to track profiles, approvals, cost or be in compliance with their permits.  Vopak is currently utilizing ...


    By regAction

  • Degassing Refrigerators - Drill-head and Piercing-plier

    1. For what purpose do we have to degas a refrigerator? A refrigerator has to be disposed as hazardous waste. The refrigerants inside a hazardous refrigerator are harmful for the environment (ozone depleting and greenhouse effect). Most common refrigerants are; R12, R134a and R600a. The uncommon is the removal of NH3. Refrigerants are developed to dissolve very easily into ...


    By ATN Engineering B.V.

  • Heavy refrigerators are turning easily with the fridge turner

    New handling system for refrigerator degassing ATN receives more and more requests from customers (especially from outside Europe) for automatic handling systems. Refrigerators are becoming bigger and heavier. In countries like the USA the weight of a refrigerator can be well over 150kg. In order to avoid manual handling of these big ...


    By ATN Engineering B.V.

  • What the “cold economy” means for a warming world

    How we meet the world’s demand to keep things cool has major implications for the entire planet. This story is co-published with GreenBiz, a resource of environmental information, tools and data aimed at the mainstream business community. The modern world is cold. From air conditioning to temperature-controlled pharmaceuticals ...


    By Ensia

  • The Elimination of Ethylene in Domestic Refrigerators

    Ethylene is a plant hormone produced naturally by fruit and other plant tissues. It is known as the ripening hormone because it regulates the series of processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit. Eliminating ethylene from the environment, both in storage chambers and transport containers, where it is stored in the form of gas, is a widespread practice designed to provide a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • New handling system for refrigerator degassing

    New handling system for refrigerator degassing ATN more and more receives request from customers (especially from outside Europe) for automatic handling systems. Refrigerators are becoming bigger and bigger. In countries like the USA the weight of a fridge can be well over 150kg. In order to avoid ...


    By ATN Engineering B.V.

  • Concentration and solvent recovery of environmental samples in dichloromethane

    Environmental samples are usually extracted with an organic solvent which is then concentrated prior to final analysis. In this short note, initial conditions and evaporation settings for the parallel concentration of samples dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) having different starting volumes are presented. These settings have been optimized for high analyte and high solvent recoveries. ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Andover, Vapor Extraction and Refrigerated Condensation Case study

    Vapor Extraction and Refrigerated Condensation was used as a primary source removal technology to remediate high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds at the WDE Site in Minnesota. The use of Refrigerated Condensation has achieved high mass removal rates and will reduce the lifecycle costs and time of remediation. History 6,600 drums of hazardous ...

  • Refrigerator standards and their impact on United States society

    This paper addresses criticisms of US Federal appliance efficiency standards and whether or how the imposition of efficiency standards on household refrigerators and freezers in the US affects prices, supply, and various other attributes. The study is based on historical data about changes in standards for household refrigerators along with data about the size, styles, energy consumption, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fast start-up of expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor using stored Anammox sludge

    Stored Anammox sludge (SAS) was used in an expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor treating synthetic wastewater with the aim of evaluating its possible use as seed sludge. The SAS had been kept in a refrigerator (4 °C) without any feed. After 2 years, only 1–2% Anammox bacteria could survive in the SAS. However, it soon prevailed in the EGSB reactor after loading. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lessons learned from ASHRAE HQ renovation

    George Washington once said, “We should not look back unless it is to derive useful lessons from past errors, and for the purpose of profiting by dearly bought experience.” Since it has been more than five years of occupancy since ASHRAE Headquarters was renovated, this is a good time to revisit the details of the renovation project, the successes, and lessons learned. Future articles ...

  • Resilient homes: worth the investment?

    This case explores the economic viability of using an external generator and various other supplies to power a house in order to provide minimum power for sustaining living conditions, and contrasts these costs with the projected cost an insurance company would incur such as replacing and/or repairing burst pipes, spoiled food, and relocating a family to a hotel while repairs are completed. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of a syngas fuelled cogeneration cycle for combined production of power and refrigeration

    This communication presents a biomass fuelled cogeneration cycle for the combined production of power and refrigeration. The system is an integration of combined gas–steam cycle and absorption refrigeration cycle. A thermodynamic analysis through energy and exergy is employed, to investigate the effects of cycle pressure ratio, gas turbine inlet temperature and evaporator temperature on first–law ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel hybrid GAX–ejector absorption refrigeration cycle with an air–cooled absorber

    A novel hybrid generator–absorber heat exchange (GAX)–ejector absorption refrigeration (hybrid GAX–E) cycle, with ammonia–water as working fluid, is proposed and analysed in detail. Thermodynamic models are developed for the hybrid GAX–E, hybrid GAX, simple GAX and single effect ammonia-water absorption refrigeration cycles. A comparison among the performances of these four cycles, at an absorber ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Refrigerator condenser (shell and tube heat exchanger) cleaning case study

    In today's industrial environment of unceasingly consummates and improvement of equipment manufacturing technologies, heat-exchange and water circulation equipments become popular in the manufacture industry. The equipments can run efficiently at rated power if their systems have clean and unimpeded water channel. Once the water running equipments or systems were blocked by scale, it may cause ...


    By Mibo International Corp.

  • Parametric study and exergy analysis of solar water–lithium bromide absorption cooling system

    This paper presents the energy and exergy analysis of single–effect water–lithium bromide absorption cooling system driven by the heat supplied by a field of solar thermal collectors with a cooling capacity of 10 kW. The work is devoted to the study, the evaluation and distribution of the destroyed exergy for each component constituting this kind of system. The thermodynamic models have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of hydrocarbons mixture refrigerants R436A and R436B as a drop in replacement for R134a with TiO
    2
    nanoparticles

    The refrigerator exergy efficiency (EE) with nanoparticles in the working fluid was investigated experimentally. Mineral oil (MO) with TiO2 nanoparticles mixtures were used as the lubricant instead of Polyol ester (POE) oil in the R134a, R436A (R290/R600a–56/44–weight %) and R436B (R290/R600a–52/48–weight %) refrigerator. The results indicate that R134a, R436A and R436B and MO ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Improving energy efficiency: About oil fouling in refrigeration systems

    Introduction Most air conditioning and refrigeration systems have a mechanical compressor which relies upon lubricating oil to function. During the normal course of the refrigeration process, ½% to 8% of the compressor’s lubricating oil is circulated throughout the system along with the refrigerant. Since the early days of refrigeration and air conditioning technology, the ...


    By Power Knot LLC

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