Non-linear traveltime inversion for 3-D seismic tomography in strongly anisotropic media
We have developed two, new non-linear traveltime inversion schemes for 3-D seismic tomography in anisotropic media. They differ from the traditional linearized inversion approach and offer five significant improvements: (1) they are based on an alternative form of the first-order traveltime perturbation equation, derived so as to simplify the inversion formulae and overcome the quasi shear wave singularity problem; (2) robust 3-D ray tracing is employed which enables the simultaneous computation of the first-arrival traveltimes and ray paths for the three body waves (qP, qS1 and qS2) in arbitrary anisotropic media; (3) the Jacobian matrix used in the update is based on an efficient computation for a 3-D anisotropic model, so that the inversion is applicable to both weakly and strongly anisotropic situations, unlike most previous approaches which assume weak anisotropy; (4) a local-search...
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