Gas Emissions to the Atmosphere; Production of aluminum from its ores at aluminum smelters results in carbon dioxide CO2, carbon monoxide CO, sulfur dioxide SO2, and hydrogen fluoride HF gas emissions to the atmosphere.
Aluminium is the most abundant metallic element and its salts are widely used as a coagulation treatment agent. At the same time increased levels of aluminium may lead to renal diseases and cause undesirable color and turbidity of distributed water.
There are practicable levels of aluminium in water based on optimization of the coagulation process at drinking-water plants: 0.1 mg/L or less for large water-treatment facilities and 0.2 mg/L or less for small.
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The aluminium industry is the major source of perflurocarbon (PFC) emissions to the atmosphere, which are a major contributor to global warming. PFCs have greenhouse gas effects up to 10000 times that of CO2. Emissions have been reduced over the last 20 years, but further reductions are harder to achieve as all the mechanisms for PFC production are not known. In order to better understand the production of PFC on an industrial level, laboratory studies have been carried out using a small scale cell.
ALUMINUM INDUSTRY: Performed a range of test measurements required by the promulgation of the Secondary Aluminum MACT standards. Testing included measurements of Hazardous Air Pollutants for establishing Area vs. Major Source Determinations, as well as dioxin/furan compounds associated with chlorine emissions from fluxing operations.