Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) Monitoring Articles

  • Remediation of a failing filter bed Works - Case Study

    Greener Waste Technology is a Process Engineering and Environmental Consultancy specialising in the Municipal sector. Following several years of extensive research Greener Waste Technology has advanced the unique bacteria dosing technology which has been successfully introduced to a number of water companies. The BioCube is being successfully used in wastewater treatment to optimise processes ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • New dimensiong guideline and standard for the activated sludge process

    Since June 2016 a new standard for the design of activated sludge systems is valid. The most significant point is the change of the basic value from BOD to COD. The standard is also the basis for designing SBR-systems. The article discusses main aspects of the new design basis and how AQUA DESIGNER has been modified and adapted to this. In AQUA DESIGNER you can calculate the continuous and ...


    By BITControl GmbH

  • The rehabilitation of 43 year old waste lagoons

    In 1967 the City of Concordia, MO built a segmented lagoon system to handle the small town’s waste requirements. The main industry in Concordia is a Tyson renderings plant, and the lagoon system was designed to also handle that plant’s final waste and water polishing requirements. The lagoon system was a relatively standard design, consisting of an 18.7 acre primary lagoon, a 5.6 acre ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Good Preparation and Planning Reduces Wastewater Headaches Associated with Production Outages

    Author’s note: The terms mill and plant are used interchangeably in this article to describe an industrial manufacturing unit, such as a Pulp & Paper Mill, Petroleum Refinery, Chemical Processing Plant, Meat & Poultry Processing, etc. Plant (or mill) outages come in two types – scheduled and unplanned. Scheduled outages are generally annual affairs at roughly the same ...

  • Assessment of the technological reliability of a hybrid constructed wetland for wastewater treatment in a mountain eco-tourist farm in Poland

    The aim of the present study was to assess the technological reliability of a domestic hybrid wastewater treatment installation consisting of a classic three-chambered (volume 6 m3) septic tank, a vertical flow trickling bed filled with granules of a calcinated clay material (KERAMZYT), a special wetland bed constructed on a slope, and a permeable pond used as a receiver. The test treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two different purification systems at Istanbul-Tuzla and Adana-Kozan, their characterizations

    In most developed countries, wastewater treatment plants are presently utilizing efficient purification technology meeting the sufficiency requirements of quality and quantity. However, in developing countries, the number of wastewater treatment plants is limited. As a result, the establishment of a connection between the wastewater collection system and wastewater purification plants is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH

  • Greywater treatment by granular filtration system using volcanic tuff and gravel media

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a granular filtration system (GFS) in greywater treatment under arid and semi-arid conditions. Six GFSs were designed, constructed, and monitored for approximately 13 months. Each GFS served a single rural Jordanian home by treating their greywater. Volcanic tuff media were used as the filtration media in three of the GFSs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment and potential reuse of greywater from schools: a pilot study

    This study presented performance data on a low cost and easy maintenance pilot system for on-site treatment and reuse of water collected from wash sinks and fountains, as major sources of greywater (GW) at schools. Various treatment options were studied including screening, sand filtration, chlorination, and UV disinfection operated at different flow rates. Results showed that filtration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimal waste load allocation using graph model for conflict resolution

    In this paper, a new methodology is proposed for waste load allocation in river systems using the decision support system (DSS) for the graph model for conflict resolution II (GMCRII), multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) analysis and the Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) algorithm. Minimization of total treatment and penalty costs and minimization of biological oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge-bed anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating prehydrolysis liquor (PHL): correlation of cATP™ with performance parameters

    Cellular adenosine triphosphate (cATP™) may be used to characterize the biological degradation activity within the anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment systems. The feasibility of using cATP™ as a process monitoring parameter for an anaerobic membrane bioreactor was evaluated. Results obtained from batch respirometric anaerobic treatability studies and a continuous sludge-bed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization of operational parameters in moving bed biofilm reactor with low cost polystyrene biocarrier by the response surface method

    The combined effects of three independent variables (carrier filling ratio, aeration rate and reactor run time (RRT)) were evaluated in a continuous moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) through central composite design (CCD) of the response surface methodology (RSM) for experimental design, analysis and process optimization for municipal wastewater treatment processes. A low-cost polystyrene ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficiency analysis of effluents treatment plants of different industries at Kalurghat – Port City of Bangladesh

    The study was executed at Kalurghat industrial area to determine the efficiency of effluent treatment plants by testing different physicochemical parameters. Results revealed that only 3 out of 9 industries treated their effluents efficiently and discharged following the standards of Department of Environment. The remaining industries viz. Alfa Textile treated their effluent but the values of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Connections: Toasty Toes

    After 14 years of living on a houseboat we have now moved into an apartment in a private home. There are many wonderful things about this apartment - the lack of dry rot and any concerns about the wind direction are two of them. Perhaps my favorite is the radiant floor heat. Radiant heat, hot water piped under the floors, keeps your toes and the rest of your body toasty. Water is great for this ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Start-up phase of a UASB-septic tank used for high strength municipal wastewater treatment in Mexico

    The objective of this work was to assess the performance during the start-up phase of a Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)-septic tank for municipal wastewater treatment in Mexico City. A lab scale UASB-septic tank (62 L total volume, acrylic), consisting of three chambers treated high strength municipal wastewater at ambient temperature (16 °C–24 °C), under 72 h Hydraulic retention time ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mn/sepiolite as the heterogeneous ozonation catalysts applied to the advanced treatment of regenerated-papermaking wastewater

    Herein a Mn-deposited sepiolite catalyst was obtained through a facile co-precipitation method, and then used as the heterogeneous ozonation catalysts applied to the tertiary treatment of regenerated-papermaking wastewater. During the process, the as-prepared catalyst was endowed with higher Brunauer–Emmett–Teller specific surface area of 412.3 m2/g compared to 124.6 m2/g of the natural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance evaluation of 388 full-scale waste stabilization pond systems with seven different configurations

    Waste stabilization ponds (WSPs) and their variants are one the most widely used wastewater treatment systems in the world. However, the scarcity of systematic performance data from full-scale plants has led to challenges associated with their design. The objective of this research was to assess the performance of 388 full-scale WSP systems located in Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia and the United ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation of septage in partially sealed cesspit

    The alteration of wastewater from an individual home under anaerobic conditions in a partially sealed cesspit over the filling period of four months, and the pollution fluxes were assessed. The septage was much more concentrated than raw wastewater. A mass balance found percentage (%) removal rates for biological oxygen demand (BOD5, 78%), chemical oxygen demand (COD, 62%), total nitrogen (TN, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • PeCOD Case Study – Industrial Waste Water

    Clean Harbors is an industrial wastewater treatment facility in Guelph, Ontario. The facility utilizes highly refined, chemical precipitation processes, which remove heavy metals, suspended solids, and organics to generate safe effluent for discharge into municipal sewer systems. Wastewater is treated to meet municipal discharge requirements for biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5). Since BOD is a ...


    By MANTECH

  • Treatment of laundry wastewater by biological and electrocoagulation methods

    The present study describes an improvement in the current electrocoagulation treatment process and focuses on a comparative study for the clean-up of laundry wastewater (LWW) after each wash and rinse cycle by biological and electrocoagulation treatment methods. For biological treatment, the wastewater was treated with a Bacillus strain of aerobic bacteria especially suited for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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