The chloride process of titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment manufacture first converts titania-containing ores to TiCl4 via a carbochlorination reaction at a high temperature in a chlorinator in the presence of chlorine gas and petroleum coke added as a reductant.
Protea has deployed FTIR gas analysers in many projects requiring the monitoring of complex mixes of VOCs. In the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, scrubbers and carbon-bed abatement plants are typical installations where the use of Protea FTIR analysers and our chemometric expertise have proved valuable to plant operators. They prove an invaluable tool in process measurements and emissions monitoring. In the laboratory, Protea can deliver instruments with all the chemometric software and support to enable users to measure hundreds of gases.
Crystallisation is a key reaction in pharmaceutical and other process sectors. The combination of two ionic species in solution to form a solid frequently produces a strong change in electrical properties which can be tracked using ITS electrical resistance tomography sensors. Sensor arrays are produced on two different formats:
By Industrial Tomography Systems plc (ITS) based in Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM.
Commonly, activated carbon beds are used as abatement systems on plant, with emissions being reduced by adsorption onto the bed. The efficiency of any abatement system is critical to its operation, not just in ensuring emissions are reduced as much as possible, but an efficient bed has cost savings for the operator.
Aroma real-time quantification with PTR-MS. Rapid screening for complex aroma systems. Rich chemical fingerprints due to soft ionization. Real-time sampling: high throughput. Ideal for chemometric data-mining methods.
By Ionicon Analytik Ges.m.b.H. based in Innsbruck, AUSTRIA.
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