combustion analyser Articles

  • Popular analysers are portable and rentable

    The MCERTS approved HORIBA PG-250 has been one of the most popular  instruments in Ashtead Technology’s fleet of rental equipment for a number of  years. Jay Neermul, the company’s Environmental Product Manager says “This  is because it is able to analyse CO, NO/NOx, SO2 and CO2 using standard  reference methods in a portable instrument that can be easily and ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • High temperature combustion of landfill gas

    Type     Compact plant HOFGAS® - Efficiency 250 Commissioning     December 2001 Site     Storkohmo landfill, Kokkola (FIN) Situation Storkohmo landfill is located 400km north of Helsinki on Finland's west coast near the city of Kokkola. Based on local legislation requirements ( reduction of green house gas emissions ) the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Synthetically generated calibration spectra for combustion analysis by FTIR

    Challenges for FTIR Analysis in Combustion Applications (1/2) Combustion applications generate high amount of water vapor and CO2 Their absorption spectra strongly overlap with other species of real interest for the combustion analyses The difference of concentration level of water vapor and CO2 with respect other combustion products can range from 1 to 5 orders ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Analysing coloured smoke | Pearl or Quest?

    Coloured smoke consists of an aerosol of tiny particles which is combusted or vaporized. The particular pigment or dye of each colour affects the colour of the smoke. The mixture usually includes a cool-burning formula based on potassium chlorate oxidiser, dextrin or lactose as fuel. Then one or more dyes are introduced to account for around half of the mixture. A small amount of sodium ...


    By Specac Limited

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Energy and exergy analyses of a spark-ignition engine

    In this paper, the performance of an internal combustion engine is evaluated at the steady-state condition by application of energy and exergy analysis using the experimental test results. The energy and exergy balances are calculated at different engine speeds. The results show that the heat rejection of energy and exergy flow increases with increasing engine speed. The exergy efficiencies are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decomposition analysis of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in selected countries

    This article introduces an approach applicable to analysing different factors influencing elements relevant in sustainable development like environmental impacts. The approach is built on the idea of IPAT identity and it applies a chained two-factor decomposition technique for calculating numerical estimates for a larger set of contributing factors than traditionally done in applying ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Detailed chemical modelling of a flameless combustion turbine for pollution prevention

    Flameless combustion has been acknowledged as one of the most interesting combustion technologies to meet both the targets of high process efficiency and low pollutant emissions. The present investigation is concerned with the application of the flameless combustion mode to an adiabatic combustor, typically used in gas turbine engines. Detailed chemical kinetics calculations, by means of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combustion, performance and emission analysis of diesel engine fuelled with methyl esters of Pongamia oil

    The methyl esters of vegetable oils, known as biodiesel are increasingly becoming popular because of their low environmental impact and potential as a green alternative fuel for diesel engine, and that they would not require significant modification of existing engine hardware. Methyl ester of Pongamia oil (PME) is derived through transesterification process. Experimental investigations have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of varying air-fuel ratio on the performance of a theoretical Diesel cycle

    This paper analyses the effects of varying air-fuel ratio on the performance of a theoretical Diesel cycle under a temperature restriction as maximum. Amount of heat addition at constant pressure is defined as a function of fuel's energy with utilising the combustion efficiency. The amount of released energy into the cylinder restricts the compression ratio. Relations between the combustion ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effects of variable specific heats of working fluid on the performance of an irreversible Otto cycle

    The performance of an air-standard Otto cycle with variable specific heats of working fluid and heat resistance and friction irreversible losses is analysed by using finite-time thermodynamics. The relations between the power output and the compression ratio, between the thermal efficiency and the compression ratio, as well as the optimal relation between power output and the efficiency of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic analysis of Spark Ignition engines using the Entropy Generation Minimisation method

    The recent improvement on Spark Ignition Engines has been the result of improved engine thermodynamic cycles, made possible by advances in technologies such as Variable Valve Timing (VVT) and Variable Compression Ratio (VCR). To evaluate the potential of these techniques a thermodynamic analysis is made. Numerical models were implemented in Matlab Simulink using the laws of thermodynamics and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Planned or experience-based processes for eco-design innovation: exploring product development driven by environmental performance targets

    Eco-design research suggests that environmental considerations should be integrated with product development with no or only minor changes to existing development processes. These processes are expected to be systematic, predictable and thoroughly planned. This paper explores if this assumption is still valid when requirements on environmental performance call for more innovative product ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plastic Housewraps (Air Barriers) a Life Cycle Analysis of Their Environmental Benefits

    The use of air barriers in the construction of residential housing in North America has increased markedly during the last decade. The most commonly used air barriers have been particular plastic materials applied to the exterior of a home behind the finishing of brick or siding. The paper analyses, using life cycle techniques, the conservation of energy resulting from the use of these barriers ...


  • Advanced processes for low rank coal drying and dewatering in high efficient power plants

    During the combustion of high-moisture lignites (50?60 wt.%) in conventional power plants, a substantial amount of the energy content is required to evaporate the water. With a view to secure and strengthen brown coal's position as high available energy source, in recent years many attempts have been made to develop technologies for an energy-efficient drying or dewatering process. In this paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Accumulation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in some lichens of Garhwal Himalayas, India

    Lichens collected from five different sites (11 localities) from Garhwal Himalayas, Uttaranchal, India, were analysed for individual Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). There was high spatial variability in the total PAH (ΣPAH) concentrations that ranged from 0.683 ppm to 33.72 ppm with an average concentration of 15.04 ± 12.853 (SD). To elucidate sources, six molecular indices ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mathematical models validation of aluminium electrolysis process using exergy method

    A new method of validation of the mathematical model of the processes taking place inside the aluminium electrolysis cell has been proposed. The method is based on the comparison of the calculation results of the entropy generation rates obtained in theoretical way with the exergy losses estimated from global exergy balance equation. The following irreversible processes have been analysed - ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy conservation studies on residential heating systems: an application for Izmir, Turkey

    Energy conservation through improvement of the efficiencies of end use devices such as boilers and stoves used for space heating is one of the most effective ways to provide immediate relief for the energy problem in the residential sector of Turkey. For this reason, during the 1995-96 winter period, the campaign "Saving the Environment Begins at Home" was launched by the branch office of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dry regenerable sorbents for the separation and capture of CO2 from large point sources

    The combustion of fossil fuels generates large quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas most likely to influence global warming and climate change. Large stationary sources that include coal-based electric generating stations are plausible targets for the removal of CO2. Chemical absorption of CO2 is viewed as one option that could be applicable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

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