combustion gas analysis Articles

  • High temperature combustion of landfill gas

    Type     Compact plant HOFGAS® - Efficiency 250 Commissioning     December 2001 Site     Storkohmo landfill, Kokkola (FIN) Situation Storkohmo landfill is located 400km north of Helsinki on Finland's west coast near the city of Kokkola. Based on local legislation requirements ( reduction of green house gas emissions ) the ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • The Goldilocks of Combustion Solutions

    It’s not too big, it’s not too small… It’s just right! We hear it all the time from our customers: “The ABUTEC 200 is too small for our site, but the HTF is too large. Can you create a custom unit?” The answer sometimes surprises those customers. While yes, we can certainly develop a custom unit just for your site, a more efficient (and cost-effective) ...


  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

  • Modelling and simulation with experimental verification of hydrogen-diesel dual-fuel premixed combustion and emission analysis

    This paper deals with an application of advanced simulation methods to the modelling of Duel-Fuelled engines (Hydrogen/Diesel) in which the premixed Hydrogen gas is ignited by the combustion flame initiated by a diesel spray. The model consists of a diesel auto-ignition model and a modified combustion model. The influence of main engine parameters i.e., injection advance, and various percentages ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas cell selection for analysis of electronic gases

    APIMS and FTIR remain the preferred analytical tools for monitoring impurities in the electronic  specialty gases used by the semiconductor industry, although other tools such as CRDS are currently finding application in selected cases. FTIR spectroscopy offers the advantage of the simultaneous measurement of all gaseous species that exhibit dipole moment changes during vibrations at ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Effect of hydrogen supplementation on the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a natural gas fuelled S.I. engine

    This article represents the results of a single cylinder engine using specially designed electronically actuated fuel injection system fuelled with neat CNG, and mixtures of hydrogen in natural gas (HCNG) of 5, 10, 15 and 20% by energy. Experiments were conducted with wide open throttle and varying the equivalence ratio. Hydrogen which has fast burning rate, when added to compressed natural gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Two-Stage Combustion of High-PVC Solid Waste With HCL Recovery

    Untitled Document Abstract A waste-to-energy process based on high-PVC solid wastes is discussed. The basis is that at 200-400°C the PVC fraction decomposes ...

  • Modeling Analysis of Fuel Sprays

    Current engine development processes in which computations play an important role have sought for numerical models which can accurately represent phenomena in spray combustion. The authors have developed original sub-models taking into account the effects of extensive spray combustion phenomena including nozzle cavitation, droplet breakup behavior, multi-component evaporation process, spray-wall ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Analytik Jena AG: State of the Art - Fully Automated and Matrix-Optimized Gas Analysis with multi EA 5000

    The analysis of gaseous matrices is still a real challenge. No matrix type is as versatile in its behavior and the requirements for sample feed and combustion process. This makes it difficult to gain quick, precise, and reliable results. Thanks to the outstanding flexibility of the application-optimized gas sampling systems, the elemental analyzer multi EA 5000 can analyze liquefied gases (LPG), ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

  • Analysis of key trends and drivers in greenhouse gas emissions in the EU between 1990 and 2014

    1 GHG emissions in 2014 compared to 2013 1.1 Summary (last year) Total GHG emissions (excluding LULUCF) decreased by 185 million tonnes, or 4.1% compared to 20132 to reach their lowest level in 2014 (4282 Mt CO2 eq.). This significant decrease in emissions in 2014 came with an increase in GDP of 1.4 %. This resulted in a lower GHG-emission intensity of GDP in the EU ...

  • Exergy analysis of a steam power plant: a case study in Iran

    In the last decades, exergy analysis, based on the second law of thermodynamics was a method that substituted the energy analysis in studying thermodynamic systems. In this paper, the cycle of a power plant and its details, with two kinds of fuels, natural gas and diesel, have been analysed at its maximum load and the two factors, losses and exergy efficiency, which are the basic factors used to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rapid HPLC Analysis of PAH Compounds, Using Porous 3µm Particles

    Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a severe environmental hazard with a variety of sources. Airborne particles, combustion products, and fossil fuels all contain these toxic aromatic substances. Analysis by gas chromatography (GC) has been problematic because GC phases do not meet the need for shape selectivity in separating PAHs. Conversely, high-density C18 octadecylsilane (ODS) ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Plastic Housewraps (Air Barriers) a Life Cycle Analysis of Their Environmental Benefits

    The use of air barriers in the construction of residential housing in North America has increased markedly during the last decade. The most commonly used air barriers have been particular plastic materials applied to the exterior of a home behind the finishing of brick or siding. The paper analyses, using life cycle techniques, the conservation of energy resulting from the use of these barriers ...


  • Analysis of national responses under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive in 2015

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the application of the EU ETS Directive The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments that has been implemented in the European Union (EU) to achieve its objectives of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a cost-effective manner. The EU ETS covers certain activities that emit carbon dioxide ...

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyses

    FTIR Spectroscopy FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epitreatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D faciltities, FTIR is applied to combustion ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Second-law analysis of an LPG-powered 4-stroke SI engine under variable stroke length and compression ratio

    A second-law analysis of an LPG-powered, 4-stroke, single-cylinder, water-cooled, variable stroke length spark-ignition engine was carried out to assess the engine's energy efficiency. The engine was simulated at each stroke length/compression ratio combination. The second law of thermodynamics with the aid of the first law represents the results of entropy generation, reversible work output and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Shale Gas: Time to look before we leap any further

    Shale gas is a game-changer for global energy supply. It is already transforming the U.S. energy outlook, and is expected to deliver over 40% of domestic gas production by 2025 (Figure 1). Other countries and regions, notably Europe and China, may soon follow suit, in a repeat of the early 20th century oil rush. Opinion is bitterly divided, however, over the environmental risks and benefits of ...

  • Exergy and industrial ecology: an application to an integrated energy system

    Exergy analysis can help integrate separate technologies following the principles of industrial ecology. An application of exergy analysis to calculate depletion numbers, which relate exergy destruction and total exergy use, is demonstrated for a gas turbine cycle combined with a hydrogen generation unit. The design includes a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) with internal natural gas reforming and a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of a CHP system based on economical, fuel consumption and environmental considerations

    Combined heat and power (CHP) systems which are able to produce heating and power simultaneously, are getting more attention since they have many economical and environmental benefits. CHP systems for buildings are an important application of CHP on various systems designs. In this study, we have investigated a CHP system applicable for the building of Azad University of Shahrood. The prime mover ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heating Value

    The lower heating value (LHV) or higher heating value (HHV) of a gas is an important consideration when selecting a gas engine or CHP plant. Gas engines efficiency is typically quoted based upon the LHV of the gas. Whenever a ...


    By Clarke Energy

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