Dissolved Oxygen Monitoring Articles

  • What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

    Ask the expert: What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)? Answer: Both COD and BOD test methods aim to give an indication of the amount of pollution in a water sample. COD is the amount of oxygen required to chemically breakdown the pollutants whereas BOD is the amount of oxygen ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • The effect of length of free-surface gated circular conduit on air-demand ratio and aeration efficiency

    Aeration is the process of bringing water and air into close contact in order to increase dissolved oxygen concentration. The concentration of dissolved oxygen is an important indicator of water quality because aquatic life lives on the dissolved oxygen in the water. The hydraulic structures can be accepted as the key components in increasing dissolved oxygen concentration because of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Singapore gardens an environmental sustainability showcase - Case Study

    Opened in spring 2012, Gardens by the Bay features an aquatic ecosystem with sustainable water cycles Singapore government officials’ vision to become a “city in a garden” came to fruition by redeveloping Marina Bay and boldly allocating prime land and a hefty budget for that purpose. Years of construction later, the Gardens by the Bay officially opened in the spring of ...

  • Boiler Dissolved Oxygen Control

    DISSOLVED OXYGEN CHEMISTRY Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen, usually thought of as a gas, that is dissolved in a liquid such as water. Oxygen is essential to life and is also the most common element found taking part in corrosion reactions. DO can be thought of as the fuel needed for the corrosion process to proceed. It is the corrosion reactions that necessitate ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Moisture in Oils: The Three-Headed Beast

    Abstract Moisture contamination in in-service lube oils is perhaps one of the most destructive forms of engine corrosion second only to particle contamination.  Water contamination in oil can be categorized into three forms of water; Free, emulsified, and dissolved.  All forms of water have direct consequences to the oil and gears of the engine, but indirect consequences as ...


    By Arizona Instrument LLC

  • Effect of sensor location on controller performance in a wastewater treatment plant

    Complete mixing is hard to achieve in large bioreactors in wastewater treatment plants. This often leads to a non-uniform distribution of components such as dissolved oxygen and, hence, the process rates depend on them. Furthermore, when these components are used as input for a controller, the location of the sensor can potentially affect the control action. In this contribution, the effect of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can I use two probes of the same type with a Hach HQ40D meter?

    Yes – two probes of the same type can be used with the Hach HQ40D. The Hach HQ40D is a multi meter with ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Prediction of lake eutrophication using artificial neural networks

    An artificial neural network (ANN), which is a data–driven modelling approach, is proposed to indicate the water quality of Lake Fuxian, the deepest lake of southwest China. To determine the nonlinear relationships between the water quality factors and eutrophication indicators, several ANN models were chosen. The back–propagation and radial basis function neural network models were applied to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparing the performance of biosand filters operated with multiday residence periods

    Biosand filter (BSF) users are instructed to operate their filters with residence times of 1–48 hours. However, studies to date have only tested residence periods of 6–36 hours, with no studies extending to 48 hours, or investigating whether BSF performance decreases beyond 48 hours. The goal of this study was to compare Escherichia coli removal in filters operated with one-, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Customer Case - Hampton Roads Sanitation District

    At HRSD, the regional wastewater treatment utility that serves southeast Virginia, process engineers and researchers are working with the development of novel processes for nutrient removal from wastewater. One of the primary focuses is the application of the deammonification process directly in the mainstream. Currently, HRSD is operating a fully integrated pilot process and as part of the ...


    By Unisense Environment A/S

  • Impact of barrages on downstream air entrained in water and on upstream river water quality

    This research studies the effect of barrages on upstream river water quality and on its self-assimilative. Also, the impact of barrages on upstream water temperature profile is studied. The amount of entrained air in water at river downstream side as a result of barrage existence is also studied. Constructing barrages in river reaches will alter its hydraulics and thus its water quality and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multi-chamber microbial desalination cell for improved organic matter and dissolved solids removal from wastewater

    A five-chamber microbial desalination cell (MDC) with anode, cathode, one central desalination chamber and two concentrate chambers separated by ion exchange membranes was operated in batch mode for more than 60 days. The performance of the MDC was evaluated for chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal, total dissolved solids (TDS) removal and energy production. An average COD removal of 81 ± ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of biotreatability of ionic liquids in aerobic and anaerobic conditions

    The aim of our study was to set up an approach for reliable biotreatability assessment of ionic liquids (ILs). As a case study, two different ILs were selected: pyridinium-based 1-butyl-3-methylpyridinium dicyanamide ([bmpyr][dca]) and imidazolium-based 1-butyl-3-methylimidazole tetrafluoroborate ([bmim][BF4]). Toxicity in aerobic conditions was determined by measurement of inhibition of oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rapid start-up and efficient long-term nitritation of low strength ammonium wastewater with a sequencing batch reactor containing immobilized cells

    Major concerns about nitritation of low-strength ammonium wastewaters include low ammonium loading rates (ALRs) (usually below 0.2 kg/m3-d) and uncertainty with the long-term stability of the process. The purpose of this study was to test a sequencing batch reactor filled with cell-immobilized polyethylene glycol (PEG) pellets (∼2 mm in size) to see if it could achieve efficient and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter in various urban water resources using Orbitrap Fourier transform mass spectrometry

    Molecular-level characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in different urban water resources (river water, groundwater, reclaimed water, and rainwater) was performed by Orbitrap Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FT-MS). The mass spectra, which were fingerprints of DOM composition, were clearly different among samples. Based on accurate molecular mass determination, about 300 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of nitrogenous and algal oxygen demand in effluent from a system of aerated lagoons followed by polishing pond

    In this descriptive-analytical study, nitrogenous and algal oxygen demand were assessed for effluent from a system of facultative partially mixed lagoons followed by the polishing pond using 120 grab samples over 1 year. Filtered and non-filtered samples of polishing pond effluent were tested in the presence and absence of a nitrification inhibitor. Effective factors, including 5-day biochemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrification case study

    The Bay View effluent treatment plant is one of the largest wastewater treatment facilities in North West Ohio, USA. The facility is located near the mouth of the Maumee River and provides treatment for an area of about 100 square miles. About 84 square miles of this area is located within Toledo city. The population that it serves is approximately 398,000. The plant operates on a 24 hour a day, ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Oily wastewater treatment using membrane bioreactor

    A novel implementation of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) has been studied in this paper. It is utilised as combination of rotating biological contractor (RBC) and an external membrane for oily wastewater treatment. The performance of MBR was compared with the standalone RBC. The RBC used in this investigation is the same one combined with the membrane to form the MBR. Wastewater biodegradability has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Control of trichloroethylene plume migration using a biobarrier system: a field-scale study

    The objective of this field-scale study was to evaluate the effectiveness of controlling trichloroethylene (TCE) plume migration using the polycolloid substrate (PS) biobarrier. The developed PS (containing soybean oil, lactate and surfactants) could release substrate to enhance the TCE dechlorination. In this study, a biobarrier comprising PS injection wells was installed. Injection wells were ...


    By IWA Publishing

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