Domestic Water Monitoring Articles

  • Developing a Culture of “Revulsion”: Singapore Tackles Water Wastage

    Singapore is an interesting place. As a city-state it occupies a very small amount of land area, about 700 square kilometers. Packed into this space are 5.6 million people working in one of the world’s strongest economies. A big part of the economy is based on manufacturing and oil refining. Both of these sectors are intensive water users. Because of this, water availability is a big issue. ...

  • 5 ways to conserve water this winter

    Water conservation is something we harp on during the summertime, but what about during the winter? When the irrigation systems shut down, it’s easy to put conservation on the back burner while indoor water waste continues to occur. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the average person uses 80-100 gallons per day for everything from cooking, to showering and flushing the ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Ten Ways to Conserve Water This Holiday Season

    The holiday season is almost here, which to us at WaterSignal means even more opportunities to conserve water! As you gear up for the holidays, save water and money with these ten water saving tips: 1.) Buy recycled paper products: Products made from 100 percent recycled paper require much less water in their manufacturing than those made from virgin paper. 2.) Inspect bathroom ...


    By WaterSignal

  • A stochastic model for daily residential water demand

    Residential water demand is a random variable which influences greatly the performance of municipal water distribution systems (WDSs). The water request at network nodes reflects the behavior of the residential users, and a proper characterization of their water use habits is vital for the hydraulic system modeling. This study presents a stochastic approach for the characterization of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Does the risk of Legionnaire’s Disease rise when there’s lead in your water?

    Ongoing monitoring shows that lead levels in Flint, Michigan’s water are dropping and getting closer to meeting federal safety standards. That’s some much-needed positive news for the community. But there’s still work to be done. Now, researchers are starting to check residential hot water heaters in Flint homes for Legionella. Legionella grows best in warm water and hot water ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • A case study of the conversion of grey water to a flush water source in a Turkish student residence hall

    A case study of the conversion to grey water to a flush water source in a student residence hall of the Turkish megacity Istanbul is presented. Grey water from bathtubs/showers and washbasins is treated and reused for flushing toilets. Raw and membrane bio-reactor (MBR) treated grey water quality was monitored throughout one academic year using parameters to characterize organic matter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Occurrence of toxic cyanobacteria and microcystin toxin in domestic water storage reservoirs, Egypt

    Residents in many developing countries store treated drinking water in tanks or reservoirs because of intermittent and infrequent water supplies. Many studies have focused on bacterial contamination of domestic reservoir waters, the cyanobacterial and algal contamination is largely unexplored. Therefore, the present study investigates toxic cyanobacteria and their microcystin (MC) toxins in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Domestic shower hose biofilms contain fungal species capable of causing opportunistic infection

    The domestic environment can be a source of pathogenic bacteria. We show here that domestic shower hoses may harbour potentially pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Well-developed biofilms were physically removed from the internal surface of shower hoses collected in four locations in England and Scotland. Amplicon pyrosequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA targets revealed the presence of common aquatic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Melaka Gets Tough on Non Revenue Water Loss and Claims Two Awards

    Melaka is a relatively small state on the southwest side of the Malay Peninsula with a city so rich in history and beauty that it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. With a population around 850,000, the Melaka Water Company Ltd. (SAMB) manages roughly 270,000 service connections for commercial and residential customers. In 2008 the city embarked on an aggressive plan to upgrade ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • A network analysis of transboundary water cooperation in La Plata Basin

    When do countries cooperate in transboundary waters? One of the largest in the world, the La Plata Basin covers part of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. These five countries co-manage the basin through a network of legal agreements, domestic and international organizations, and cooperative projects. In this paper, we examine the network structure of cross-national water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Refined assessment of associations between drinking water residence time and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in Metro Atlanta, Georgia

    Recent outbreak investigations suggest that a substantial proportion of waterborne disease outbreaks are attributable to water distribution system issues. In this analysis, we examine the relationship between modeled water residence time (WRT), a proxy for probability of microorganism intrusion into the distribution system, and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal (GI) illness for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized Water Reuse

    Water is an integral part of our society today. This vital resource is used in the operations of many industrial processes, human consumption, and for food production to name just a few. The increasing demands for water for agricultural, drinking and industrial processes has put significant strain on global fresh water supplies as the world's population continues to grow. In many parts of the ...

  • Interaction relationship between urban domestic energy consumption and water use – a case study of Beijing and Shanghai

    Energy consumption and water use are inextricably linked. Combining research on energy consumption and water use in an urban context provides a scientific basis for the integrated planning of energy and water supply systems. Domestic energy and water are among the most consumed resources in urban environments. Furthermore, domestic resources represent an increasing proportion of the total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Constructed Wetlands for Domestic Wastewater Treatment and its Reuse in Irrigation

    Introduction This project focuses on South Europe, the region important for tourism and agricultural production, both activities with high water demand. Mentioned region is already experiencing problems with water scarcity and the situation is expected to worsen according to the international prognosis (Angelakis et al, 1999). Climate change could cause problems with water supply and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary analysis of phosphorus flow in Hue Citadel

    Characteristics of waste and wastewater management can affect material flows. Our research investigates the management of waste and wastewater in urban areas of developing countries and its effects on phosphorus flow based on a case study in Hue Citadel, Hue, Vietnam. One hundred households were interviewed to gain insight into domestic waste and wastewater management together with secondary ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aligning theory and measurement in behavioral models of water conservation

    Discussion in the water literature has called for research on the role of behavioral intentions in explanations of both water demand and water conservation. But previous research has suggested that individual-level motivations are not good predictors of metered household water consumption. Two possible reasons for the lack of association between intentions and actual water conservation are that: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why international aid for water, sanitation and hygiene is still a critical source of finance for many countries

    This new WaterAid report, based on analysis by Development Initiatives, shows that for many low-income, Least Developed Countries and fragile states, ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • Anatomy of a deadlock: a systemic analysis of why the Gabčíkovo–Nagymaros dam dispute is still unresolved

    The most high profile transboundary water dispute to ever reach the International Court of Justice – the Gabčíkovo–Nagymaros case – remains unresolved 18 years after the delivery of the judgement. This article suggests that there are at least three structural causes that prevent the parties – Hungary and Slovakia – from coming to an agreement. First is the judgement of the Court itself that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of the incorporation of drinking water sludge on the anaerobic digestion of domestic wastewater sludge for methane production

    Water purification and wastewater treatment generate sludge, which must be adequately handled to prevent detrimental effects to the environment and public health. In this study, we examined the influence of the application of settled sludge from a drinking water treatment plant (SDWTP) on the anaerobic digestion (AD) of the thickened primary sludge from a municipal wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The challenges of water governance in Ho Chi Minh City

    Population growth, urbanization, pollution and climate change pose urgent water challenges in cities. In this study the sustainability of integrated water resources management in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) was evaluated using the City Blueprint approach. The City Blueprint is a set of 24 dedicated indicators divided over 8 categories, i.e., water security, water quality, drinking water, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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