Lab Filtration Articles

  • The Clog Blog

    Clogging and over pressuring are definitely problematic for Liquid Chromatography columns. Back in 2005 John Dolan’s sage advice to chromatographers to make an LC column last forever was simple, “Never open the box!” As John pointed out, this is not practical and I have to agree. But as an LC column manufacturer I have seen remarks from customers regarding clogging as though it ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices

    Obtaining a representative oil sample from a closed loop lubrication system is essential to any good oil analysis program. As oil analysis programs become more standardized for routine monitoring, especially within equipment warranty support programs, equipment makers provide more sampling points on new equipment. These ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Application of quantitative real-time PCR compared to filtration methods for the enumeration of Escherichia coli in surface waters within Vietnam

    Surface water samples in Vietnam were collected from the Saigon River, rural and suburban canals, and urban runoff canals in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, and were processed to enumerate Escherichia coli. Quantification was done through membrane filtration and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Mean log colony-forming unit (CFU)/100 ml E. coli counts in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What can I use to filter my mobile phase?

    If you are using mobile phase that contains salts or, generally, any components that are weighed out for its preparation, you will need to filter the solution before using with HPLC or UHPLC. The most common type of filtration is membrane microfiltration. We sell an extensive group of products for this and they are discussed very well in a blog ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Environmental fate and behavior of acesulfame in laboratory experiments

    Acesulfame is a widely used artificial sweetener. It can be discharged into surface water by domestic wastewater due to its incomplete retention during wastewater treatment. Concentrations may reach up to 10 μg/L for smaller rivers. State-of-the-art analysis allows the determination of acesulfame traces (0.01 μg/L) and thus a potential tracking of the presence of wastewater in riverbank ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization of ultrafiltration of undiluted and diluted stored urine

    Urine ultrafiltration (UF) was studied in terms of flux, permeability, resistance and fouling. Two types of samples were used: stored urine representing the feedstock obtained from urine diversion dry toilets; and diluted stored urine representing the feedstock obtained from urinals. Three different filtration experiment sets were adopted in this study. For the first case, pressure was set in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Antimicrobial Action of BiOn filtration media

    Bi-On is an air filtration media used in fruit and vegetable sold storage to eliminate harmful volatile compounds, especially ethylene, and sanitize the air. The filtration media is composed of potassium permanganate, its active ingredient, and natural clays. Potassium permanganate is a chemical compound which is widely known for its oxidizing and disinfectant properties. It is used in the ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Treatment of leather industrial wastewater via combined advanced oxidation and membrane filtration

    The liming/unhairing operation is among the important processes of the leather industry. It generates large amounts of effluent that are highly loaded with organic hazard wastes. Such effluent is considered one of the most obnoxious materials in the leather industry, causing serious environmental pollution and health risks. The effluent is characterized by high concentrations of the pollution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. from water supply with high turbidity: analytical challenges and perspectives

    Giardia and Cryptosporidium species are a serious problem if present in water supplies. The removal of these protozoans and the adaptation of existing protocols are essential for supplying drinking water to developing countries. Considering this, the aim of this study is to evaluate, on a bench level, the removal of Giardia spp. cysts and of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative horizontal reactor - case study

    AVA was recently able to present a newly developed horizontal reactor for laboratory operation. After comprehensive tests at the technology centre, a special machine type was developed for the purpose of drying powdery raw materials for filter elements. The high-tech filter elements are manufactured as end-products for usage in diverse industrial applications. The challenge in the development ...


    By AVA - Huep GmbH u. Co. KG

  • Corrosion In Perishables Containers

    The presence of corrosive gases inside containers used for transporting perishables can quickly cause chemical reactions within the metals, producing corrosion - even at very low concentrations (ppm). The main corrosive gases involved are acid ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Case study - Wall leakage testing in the lab with acoustic camera

    Problem Facade insulation testing is usually performed by using a loudspeaker in the sending room, and record the sound pressure level (SPL) with microphones in both the sending and receiving room. The difference in SPL adjusted for the size of the dividing wall element will then give an estimate of the sound reduction quality of that element. However these measurements will not say ...


    By Norsonic AS

  • Laboratory-scale membrane up-concentration and co-anaerobic digestion for energy recovery from sewage and kitchen waste

    This study assessed an alternative concept for co-treatment of sewage and organic kitchen waste in Vietnam. The goal was to apply direct membrane filtration for sewage treatment to generate a permeate that is suitable for discharge. The obtained chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations in the permeate of ultrafiltration tests were indeed under the limit value (50 mg/L) of the local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comprehensive understanding of nano-sized particle separation processes using nanoparticle tracking analysis

    The understanding of nano-sized particle separation processes has been limited by difficulties of nanoparticle characterization. In this study, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) was deployed to evaluate the absolute particle size distributions in laboratory scale flocculation and filtration experiments with silver nanoparticles. The results from NTA were consistent with standard theories of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative analysis on the effectiveness of various filtration methods on the potability of water

    This paper comparatively assessed the effectiveness of potable water filtration methods, commonly used in the hinterlands in some Ghanaian communities. Physico-chemical and microbiological analysis were carried out on pond, dam and river water samples, using spectrophotometric, pour plate count and the most probable number (MPN) methods. For the unfiltered water samples the total dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Long-term effect of a simple storage protocol on fluorescence fingerprint of dissolved organic matter

    Fitting a pre-established region-specific Parallel Factor Analysis (PARAFAC) model to new dissolved organic matter (DOM) samples has become a popular approach in DOM studies. A key step during the development of the pre-established model is to identify the fluorescence fingerprint, i.e. the number of fluorescent DOM (FDOM) components as well as their excitation and emission spectral features. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cryptosporidium genotypes and subtypes distribution in river water in Iran

    Little is known about the diversity and public health significance of Cryptosporidium species in river waters in Iran. In the present study, we determined the genotype and subtype distribution of Cryptosporidium spp. in river water samples in Iran. A total of 49 surface water samples were collected from rivers and surface water in Guilan and Tehran provinces during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental study on non-woven filamentous fibre micro-filter with high filtration speed

    A laboratory study was undertaken to pursue the filter performance of a micro-filter module employing highly porous fibre media under a high filtration rate (≥1,500 m/day), faster than that of any conventional filter process. The effects of filtration rate, head loss, raw water turbidity, and filter aid chemicals on filter performance were analysed. In spite of the extremely high ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Filtration effects of zebra mussels on pathogens and total bacterial burden in the Odra Lagoon (South Baltic)

    As a result of their mode of filter feeding, zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha Pall.) have been observed to purify natural water bodies and in vitro. Therefore, the possibility of using zebra mussels for water purification was investigated in a slightly brackish water body of a large lagoon. In this study, water samples were taken above, near and at distance from zebra ...


    By IWA Publishing

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