Photoacoustic Gas Monitoring Articles

  • Case study - Monitoring landfill gas

    Infrared absorption Infrared absorption is usually the preferred method for measuring methane and carbon dioxide. Most gases absorb radiation in the infrared region. The wavelength of radiation that is absorbed is determined by the natural vibration frequencies of the molecule. These natural frequencies will depend on several factors. Thus different gas molecules have different natural ...


    By Geotech

  • Case study - CO2 monitoring for Kerry Foods

    About the customer Kerry Foods, based in Okehampton, England develops, manufactures and delivers technology based ingredients for the worldwide food and beverage industry The Geotech product G100 CO2 analyser How the company operates The Kerry Foods plant processes food ingredients, such as fruit conserves and confectionery ...


    By Geotech

  • Case study - New N2O monitor for occupational health and safety

    The new Geotech G200 range of N2O analysers measures N2O at 0-1000ppm or at 0-100 percent with accuracy, speed and ease-of-use.  With options for CO2, O2 and CO, the G200 range can assist anaesthetists and ...


    By Geotech

  • Case study - The convenient and reliable alternative to chemical-based gas measurement within your incubators

    With a typical laboratory having many incubators of different types and ages, checking CO2 and O2 levels is a challenge.  Even the most modern incubators need to be checked.  An electronic gas analyser offers a faster and more convenient method than historically popular chemical analysis.  Geotech looks at why their digital gas analyser, the G100, is fast becoming the go to product ...


    By Geotech

  • Optimization of submerged depth of surface aerators for a carrousel oxidation ditch based on large eddy simulation with Smagorinsky model

    This paper is concerned with the simulation and experimental study of hydraulic characteristics in a pilot Carrousel oxidation ditch for the optimization of submerged depth ratio of surface aerators. The simulation was based on the large eddy simulation with the Smagorinsky model, and the velocity was monitored in the ditches with an acoustic Doppler velocimeter method. Comparisons of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air monitoring in the Bosnian valley of the pyramids – part 2

    In the first part of this series, ‘Air monitoring in the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids—Part 1’, I recounted my trip to Visoko in March 2015. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a fascinating country and well worth going to—not only to experience Tunnel Ravne and the nearby ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Case-study - Improving monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions

    Greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories are used by businesses, governments and members of the public as they provide levels of allowable carbon emissions and details of how emissions can be reduced. Some industrial sectors have high uncertainties in their MRV results which presents a barrier to carbon dioxide reductions. MRV Sector aims to improve and increase the accuracy of monitoring techniques in ...


    By Climate-KIC

  • Helium gas for nuclear reactors case study

    Application Moisture is measured in helium gas used for nuclear reactors. The helium is used as a reactor coolant because of its excellent thermal properties and chemical inertness. Problem If the helium becomes contaminated with moisture, it will cause both degradation of graphite rods and an undesired change in the process's heat balance. At worst, a ...

  • Saves Time and Money

    SK Innovation owns and operates the largest refinery in Korea. The Korea-based holding company is engaged in the development of petroleum and management of its subsidiaries. SK Innovation mainly operate in four business segments: oil, chemical, lubricant and R&D. In mid-2012 SK Innovation did a demo installation with analyzers from NEO Monitors for measuring oxygen. The laser technology used ...


    By NEO Monitors AS

  • Position Brief on oil and gas development of the Arctic

    Background The Arctic Circle encompasses roughly 6% of the earth’s surface. Wetlands make up about 60% of the total Arctic land mass and are the predominant ecosystem, however they are not well defined or understood. Arctic wetlands provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as the maintenance of permafrost, hydrology and water quality. Arctic wetlands have the highest ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Fixed price contract versus incentive–based contract in the oil and gas industry

    The research question of this paper is to analyse when an operator and a service provider prefer a fixed price contract, common in the oil and gas industry, versus the uncommon incentive–based contract. The contracts are modelled with 20 parameters and one free choice variable which is the time to complete the project determined by the service provider. The method is to determine the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Deeside laundry enjoys reduced gas bills following installation of gem steamtraps

    Leading Merseyside based linen and work wear rental company and laundry, Deeside Laundry, is enjoying saving of 15% on its gas bills and lower maintenance costs following the replacement of its mechanical steam traps with award winning Thermal Energy International’s GEM venturi orifice traps.  Thermal Energy International has installed 30 GEM steam traps throughout the laundry’s ...

  • Halliburton hunts new bacteria killer to protect Shale-gas boom

    Halliburton Co. and Schlumberger Ltd., trying to forestall a regulatory crackdown that would cut natural-gas drilling, are developing ways to eliminate the need for chemicals that may taint water supplies near wells. At risk is hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a process that unlocked gas deposits in shale formations and drove gains in U.S. production of the fuel. Proposed regulations might slow ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Bioventing systems at Alaska air force base achieve cleanup closures

    The U.S. Air Force and Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) collaborated in installing and operating seven full-scale bioventing systems over the last 10 years to address hydrocarbon and VOC contamination at the King Salmon Airport (KSA) in Alaska. Five of the systems achieved cleanup closure within five years of operation, and another is currently under closure review. The ...

  • Greenhouse Gas Reporting - One step closer to regulation

    Valerie Madarasz is Business Development Manager, Climate Change Services, at CSA America, headquartered in Independence OH. Over the past two years, she has been working with stakeholder groups to develop personnel certification programs for GHG Verifiers and GHG Inventory Developers based on international standards. CSA is a leading developer of safety and design standards for gas-fired and ...


    By CSA Standards

  • Monitoring NH3, N2O, CO2 and CH4 emissions

    In France, as in other countries, there is a need to improve knowledge of greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from livestock production with various management options. The aim of this study was to quantify the NH3, N2O, CO2 and CH4 emissions from two pig solid manure heaps, turned and not turned, in order to examine the effect of turning on gaseous emissions and to obtain additional information ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A cost-effective method for controlling compost air emissions

    In October 2007, ECS began conducting trials at California State University Fresno (CSUF) to explore using the new patent pending AC Composter (ACC) covered aerated static pile system to manage dairy manure solids and comply with airquality standards. A two-zone portable pilot system was delivered by ECS and installed at the CSUF research dairy. This research is being conducted under a Phase I ...


    By Engineered Compost Systems

  • How Accurate is Your Monitor?

    When you consider the many regulations and guidelines that health and safety officers and first responders are faced with, it is amazing they maintain the ability to detect such a wide variety of hazardous pollutants and toxic agents.  There is no lack of regulations governing how to monitor chemical compounds, and the list grows longer all the time.  New standards for portable gas ...

  • Measurement of ammonia emissions using various techniques in a comparative tunnel study

    A field-based intercomparison study for ammonia measurements was conducted using seven analytical methods. It included sulphuric acid impinger, citric acid denuder, differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), and continuous aqueous extraction followed by measurement of conductivity (Airrmonia). Measurements ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Continuous Emissions Monitoring Equipment – Guidance & Selection

    There has never been such a wide range of analysers and systems available for continuous emissions monitoring as there is today. In the UK there are over 12 manufacturers and distributors offering CEMS (continuous emissions monitoring systems) using a variety of technologies including UV and IR absorption, FTIR, DOAS, chemiluminescence and photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS). The majority of CEMS ...

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