Pipe Testing Articles

  • Centrifuge Testing of Fixed-Head Laterally Loaded Battered and Plumb Pile Groups in Sand

    Centrifuge tests were conducted on driven in-flight fixed-head plumb and battered 3 × 3 pile groups at three-diameter (3D) and five-diameter (5D) spacings. The piles simulated 430-mm-diameter by 13-m-long pipe piles founded in medium loose (Dr = 33%) and medium dense (Dr = 55%) sands. The battered groups were in an A frame arrangement, i.e., each pile in a given row battered the same. Results of ...


    By ASTM International

  • Impact-Echo Response of Hollow Cylindrical Concrete Structures Surrounded by Soil and Rock: Part I—Numerical Studies

    The studies summarized in this paper and the following paper in this issue demonstrate that the impact-echo method can be used for integrity testing of concrete pipes, mine shaft liners, and tunnel liners in contact with soil or rock. Results obtained from numerical (finite element) studies are presented in this paper (Part I), and results obtained from experimental studies on mine shaft liners ...


    By ASTM International

  • Time-Temperature Superposition in Mechanical Durability Testing of Polyethylene Geomembranes

    The mechanical durability of polyethylene geomembranes is considered in this technical note. Polyethylene plastic pipe research has shown that there are universal factors for shifting high-temperature failure (short time) data to low temperatures (long time). Data presented here indicate that these same shift factors may also apply to geomembranes. Crack growth rate studies are proposed as a ...


    By ASTM International

  • Use of Air Bag System for Instrumentation of Lateral Load Tests on Previously Installed Pipe Piles

    A simple and inexpensive air bag system for allowing measurement of the deflected shape of laterally loaded piles has been developed. The air bag system may be used for hollow piles that have already been installed. The system includes an inclinometer casing that is held against the inner wall of the pile by an inflated air bag. Tests on small- and large-diameter steel pipe piles at two different ...


    By ASTM International

  • Dispersive Behavior of Nonswelling Clays

    This paper examines the possible factors that contribute to the dispersive behavior of compacted nonswelling clays and proposes the use of a synthetic organic stabilizing agent to reduce the dispersive tendency of such soils. Results of chemical tests on saturation extracts of the clays tested failed to identify them as piping susceptible. However, pinhole tests on statically compacted specimens ...


    By ASTM International

  • Feedwater pipe thinning - Case study

    Purpose Advise owners and operators to inspect and test intermediate temperature feedwater piping for internal wall thinning. Problem While not common, pipe wall thinning has been found in areas of turbulent flow in feedwater piping at intermediate temperatures. In at least one case, severe wall thinning to failure occurred downstream of a feedwater chemical ...


    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC LLC

  • Dynamic Lateral Response of a Pile Group in Clay

    A series of lateral dynamic loading tests were conducted on a rigid concrete cap supported by nine 273-mm-diameter steel pipe piles in a square group. The piles were driven 13.7 m into a layered deposit of overconsolidated clay. A linear inertial mass vibrator applied horizontal constant-rate frequency sweep and steady state loadings from frequencies above the first mode resonance to frequencies ...


    By ASTM International

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