Viscometers Articles

  • Techniques for Soot in Oil Analysis

    Since no engine is 100% efficient, products other than carbon dioxide and water will be formed during combustion. One such product produced from incomplete combustion is soot. Soot is a mass of mainly carbon particles that are typically spherical in shape. As soot levels rise, the soot particles begin to clump together and ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Higher-Quality Pumps Work Best For Bulk Liquid Terminals

    When you’re running a dockside petroleum liquid products, chemicals and LPG/LNG or multiple bulk liquids terminal, your reliability as a supplier – and the ability to win repeat business – is heavily reliant on the quality of the fluid-handling equipment and pumping systems on hand. Reliability rules For terminal operators, reliable handling and high transfer ...


    By DESMI A/S

  • Guide for Measuring Fuel Dilution in Lubricating Oil

    Fuel dilution in oil can cause serious engine damage. High levels of fuel (>2%) in a lubricant can result in decreased viscosity, oil degradation, loss of dispersancy, and loss of oxidation stability. Fuel dilution is one of the most important lubricant failure modes in internal combustion engines. It usually occurs due to ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Measuring Oil Chemistry: Nitration, Oxidation, and Sulfation

    An in-service lubricant encounters air, heat, pressure, corrosive agents, and other factors that cause chemical changes in the oil. A change in oil chemistry can affect the ability of the lubricant to do its job (for example if crucial additives have been depleted). Over time, these chemical reactions can result in build-up of ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Viscous Pumping in Focus

    The performance of a pump is influenced when it handles viscous fluids such as crude oil. For the configuration and design of pumps, this is key. In the industry, pump performance curves are developed by testing with water at temperatures around 25°C and corrected to a specific gravity of one. Engineers use this standard so that they have comparable measurement values around the ...


    By Sulzer

  • E-Guide Measuring Oil Viscosity

    The most important physical property of a lubricating oil is viscosity. Viscosity determines the load carrying ability of the oil as well as how easily it circulates. The correct balance between high viscosity for load carrying and low viscosity for ease of circulation must be considered for any lubricant and its application. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Eliminate Degassing When Measuring Viscosity of Compressor Oils

    Compressor oils can create unique challenges when trying to measure viscosity. Dissolved gases from refrigerants, in particular, tend to bubble out when these oils are measured using traditional viscometers. This can create errors in the measurement, typically causing readings to be much lower than they should be. One way to get around this problem is to allow the oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Vacuum systems for tall-oil applications

    Tall oil is a viscous oily liquid and considered one of the most important by-products of wood pulp manufacturing. Through a fractioning process crude tall oil can be turned into valuable fatty and resin acids. Vacuums play a key role in this procedure. An application in Finland currently proves that technology from Hanover-based Körting is ideally suited for this purpose. ...


    By Körting Hannover AG

  • A novel poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/diatomite composite flocculant with outstanding flocculation performance

    Series of anionic flocculants with outstanding flocculation performance, poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/diatomite composite flocculants (PAAD) were successfully prepared through aqueous solution copolymerization and applied to flocculate from oil-field fracturing waste-water. The structure of PAAD was characterized by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy , 13C nuclear magnetic resonance ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How viscosity affects flow rates?

    Choose the Best Peristaltic Pump for the Job! A frequent question regarding peristaltic pumps is how viscosity affects flow rate. The short answer is; as viscosity increases, flow rates decrease. That being said, there are various factors which need to be understood when considering a peristaltic pump for any application that requires pumping viscous fluids. The physical ...


    By Randolph Austin Company

  • Development of low-cost rotational rheometer

    Liquids with non-Newtonian properties are presented in many engineering areas, as for example in membrane bioreactors where active sludge exhibits shear thinning properties. Therefore, the ability to determine the rheology's dependence on shear is important when optimising systems with such liquids. However, rheometers capable of determining the viscosity are often expensive and so a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • China Environment Monitoring Meter & Instrument Market Analysis

    This report presents a clear picture about the overall development of environment monitoring meter & instrument market in China and the trend in recent years based on detailed data analysis. This report includes the analysis on the environment monitoring meter & instrument market size and market share in China, the study on major hot areas in this market, introduction of key data and the ...


  • Bio-oil upgraded by catalytic co-pyrolysis of sawdust with tyre

    We have investigated the improvement in the quality of bio-oils by catalytic co-pyrolysis of sawdust and tyre mixture in an integrated reactor. The vapours from co-pyrolysis are allowed to pass through a desulfurising layer composed of zinc oxide and then through the catalytic layer consisting of silver (Ag), palladium (Pd), molybdenum (Mo), or vanadium (V) supported over SBA-15 or HZSM-5. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Slightly hydrophobic silica nanoparticles for enhanced oil recovery: interfacial and rheological behaviour

    This paper is aimed at studying AEROSIL® R816 nanoparticle behaviour to see if it has enough feasibility to be used as a chemical agent in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes. The main focus is on interfacial and rheological behaviour of this particle in aqueous and polymeric media. Interfacial tension measurements between aqueous nanoparticle suspensions and oil showed that AEROSIL® R816 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application notes - viscosity measurement

    Most laboratory viscometers employ the well-known principle of rotational viscometers to measure viscosity by sensing the torque required to rotate a spindle at a constant speed while it is immersed in the sample fluid. This is because the torque, generally measured using the reaction torque on the motor, is proportional to the viscous drag on the immersed spindle and thus the viscosity of the ...


    By Sensor Technology Ltd

  • Oil Skimmers Inc., solves a vexing dermatitis problem in a maching shop

    One portable Cart Mount System services multiple locations Concerns about dermatology in a machine shop? This sounds more like discussing ballet on the baseball field. Dermatitis is not a general complaint among grinder operators, but finding a solution to the problem was almost as tricky as finding a prima ballerina who can pitch for the majors. The safety director can't just ...


    By Oil Skimmers, Inc.

  • Parametric study of biodiesel quality and yield using a bench-top processor

    Biodiesel is a renewable liquid fuel alternative to petrodiesel. It is produced by the transesterification of vegetable oil and alcohol in the presence of a catalyst. A 1.5 L bench-top biodiesel processor was constructed to study the effect of feedstock and operating conditions on the conversion and the biodiesel quality. Biodiesel was produced from several oil feedstocks using methanol and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Electromagnetic wellbore heating

    Introduction In this paper we derive a simple model that describes the recovery of petroleum fluids from an oil reservoir by the method of electromagnetic heating. By its very nature this problem must deal with both the equations that describe the fluid flow as well as the heat flow. In fact, one approach to this problem is to write out the full system of coupled partial di erential ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

  • Effect of substrate feeding on viscosity evolution of anaerobic granular sludges

    This work aims to describe the effect of the feeding regime of anaerobic activity tests on the limit viscosity (μlim) evolution of the granules. Batch experiments were performed with 3 different sources of substrate: acetate, peptone, and glucose. Despite, the substrate origin was shown to affect the μlim evolution of granules, no clear relationship was found between the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Rheological Monitoring of Viscous Non-Newtonian Fluids using a Helical Ribbon Agitator

    Mechanically degraded food fluids were modelled as Power law fluids in a pilot scale (42 l) helical ribbon agitation vessel. Effective rheological representative flow curves determined from speed/torque data proved comparable to off-line laboratory rheometer measured data. Modelling effective viscosity as a Power law function gave effective consistency coefficient Keff which correlated strongly ...


    By Sensor Technology Ltd

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