‘Noise in Europe 2014’, published today by the EEA, analyses exposure to noise levels and resulting environmental health problems.
The effects of noise are particularly widespread. For the one in four Europeans exposed to noise levels above the EU’s threshold for assessment and action, there are both direct and indirect health effects, the report states. Traffic noise annoys almost 20 million Europeans and disturbs the sleep of an estimated eight million. Environmental noise is also linked to approximately 43 000 hospital admissions, 900 000 cases of hypertension and up to 10 000 premature deaths per year, the EEA estimates.
- Road traffic is the main source of noise inEurope, the report says, followed by railways, airports and industry.
- Larger cities are noisier. Cities housing more than 250 000 people generally have a larger share of the population exposed to levels above the legal guidelines.
- Noise considerations should be incorporated into planning and building new infrastructure according to the report. Moreover, quiet areas should be protected.
- Wildlife may also be seriously affected by noise, according to a mounting body of evidence.