In return, we could continue to eat beef and drive our cars. Electric vehicles, heat pumps, offshore wind turbines, and CO2 storage are indispensable means. Reducing emissions still further would be more expensive, and it would be difficult to make further progress, one reason being emissions from livestock have become a significant source of atmospheric methane.
To meet these objectives the energy sector would have to be radically reorganized. According to COWI, individual heat pumps will replace oil, natural gas and district heating, which would increase electricity consumption considerably.
Offshore turbines would provide for barely more than half total electricity consumption, and wave power, solar cells and similar could probably supply no more than 5-10%, so a large amount of energy will continue to be generated by power stations. To mitigate their impact, these must be equipped with plants for CO2 collection and storage, according to Ingeniøren.