Algae Biofuels Production Technologies Worldwide

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Involvement in the algae biofuels industry shot up by companies 550% between 2005 and 2007, driven by environmental concerns and high crude oil prices. However, oil prices have since declined, and the recent global financial crisis stymied many industries. Currently there seems to be continued interest in algae biofuels, but the industry is also plagued by excessive hype… So what is the near-term outlook for the algae biofuels production technologies market? 

One of the great benefits of algae as a feedstock is that it can be used to produce an array of biofuels: algal oil, biodiesel, renewable diesel, aviation biofuel, renewable jet fuel, biogasoline, ethanol, butanol, biomethane, and even hydrogen. Algae biofuels production also involves a wide array of technologies, from genetically engineered diatoms, green algae, and cyanobacteria; to open ponds or photobioreactors for cultivation; centrifuges and presses for extraction; and refineries, fermenters, and digesters for processing into fuels. 

Because the market for algae biofuels production technologies is diverse, it is helpful to break it down according to subsets of production technologies: cultivation technologies, harvesting and extraction technologies, and algae biofuels production facilities. Through 2015, cultivation technology sales are expected to hold most of the total algae biofuels production technologies market. The remaining market segments will be held by a combination of harvesting and extraction and fuels production facilities, for a total projected market value of over $1.6 billion in 2015. Starting at an estimated $271 million market size for 2010, this increase is significant and underscores that this is a quickly changing and evolving industry, expected to show an annual growth rate of nearly 43 percent. 

Algae biofuels production technologies are currently undergoing substantial development and scaled testing. As demonstration and commercial implementation move forward, emerging algae biofuels production technologies will garner up to about a third of the total market by 2015, as some current technologies are rendered obsolete or underperforming in terms of cost and production efficiency.

Table Of contents

Chapter 1 Executive Summary

Scope
Algae Characteristics and Algae Biofuels Production Systems
Algae Biofuels History and Comparison to Other Market Fuels
Environmental Benefits and Potential Impacts of Algaculture
Proposed Algae Biofuels Facility Projects
Market Distribution Chain and Structure
Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth
Market Size and Growth for Algae Biofuels Technologies

Figure 1-1 Total Algae Cultivation Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)
Figure 1-2 Total Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)
Figure 1-3 Total Market Size for Algae Biofuels Production Facilities (2010-2015) (in million $)
Table 1-1 Algae Biofuels Production Facility Market Shares

Industry Trends
Figure 1-4 Number of Algae Biofuels Companies (by year; 1997-2009)
Investment and Financing Trends
Competitive Profiles
End Users

Figure 1-5 Distribution of Algae Biofuels Companies by Global Region
Figure 1-6 Current End Users Cultivation System Capacities (by Acreage)

Algae Biofuels End Users

Summary

Chapter 2 Overview of Algae Biofuels


Scope
Algae Characteristics and Strains
Microalgae Profile
Microalgae Groups and Species
Strain Selection
Industry Uses of Microalgae
Biofuels
Food, Nutraceutical and Pharmaceutical Products
Aquacultural and Agricultural Products
Pollution Control and Water Treatment
Chemicals Production
Algae Cultivation: Resource Requirements
Water
Light
Carbon Dioxide
Nutrients
Land

History of Algae Biofuels Development, Demand and Industry Activity

Algae Biofuels and other Market Fuels
Petroleum and Fossil Fuels
Alternative Biofuels
Environmental Benefits of Expanded Algaculture
Carbon Capture
Wastewater Treatment

Environmental Impact of Expanded Algaculture

Extensive Algae Cultivation Development within Select Ecosystems
Water Supply to Marginal Lands and Regions
GMO Contamination

Chapter 3 Algae Biofuels Production Process and Technologies

Scope
Algae Cultivation: Systems and Methods
Open Ponds
Photobioreactors
Algae Harvesting and Algae Oil and Biomass Extraction: Systems and Methods
Flocculation
Screening
Air Flotation
Centrifugation
Ultrasound
Algae Dryers
Mechanical Oil Presses
Electromechanical Oil Extraction
Chemical Extraction of Algae Oil
Algae Biofuel Refining: Systems and Methods
Algae Biodiesel Refineries
Ethanol and Butanol Fermenters
Algae Renewable Diesel, Aviation Biofuel and Biogasoline Refineries
Biogas Digesters
Gasification Systems

Summary

Chapter 4 Algae Biofuels Technologies - Market Size and Growth

Scope

Market Assessment Methodology
Algae Biofuels Facility Projects
Table 4-1 Profiles for Select Algae Biofuels Industry Projects
Market Origins and History
Market Distribution Chain and Structure
Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth
Petroleum and Natural Gas Supply and Prices
Figure 4-1 Number of U.S. Algae Biofuels Companies and Average U.S. Global Spot Crude Oil Prices (by year; 1997-2009)
Table 4-2 United States Petroleum Supply and Price Projections
Table 4-3 United States Natural Gas Supply and Price Projections

Algae Biofuels Production Cost Reductions

Algae Cultivation Systems
Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems
Algae Biofuels Production Technologies
Government Regulatory Support and Incentives for Algae Biofuels

 Table 4-4 EISA Renewable Fuel Volume Requirements (billion gallons)
 Table 4-5 Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Thresholds Specified in EISA (percentage reduction from 2005 baseline gasoline or diesel fuel)

Industry Investment


Algae Biofuels Technology Markets
Markets for Algae Cultivation Systems

 Figure 4-2 Open Pond Algae Cultivation Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)
 Table 4-6 Cumulative Total 2010-2015 World Market Shares for Open Pond Algae Cultivation Systems (United States, European Union, Asia)
 Figure 4-3 Photobioreactor Algae Cultivation Systems Global Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)
 Table 4-7 Cumulative Total 2010-2015 World Market Shares for Photobioreactor Algae Cultivation Systems (United States, European Union, Asia)
 Figure 4-4 Total Algae Cultivation Systems Market Size (2010-2015) (in million $)

Markets for Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Technologies


 Figure 4-5 Global Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems Market Size (2010-2015)
 Figure 4-6 Estimated Market Share of Centrifuges, Emerging Technologies, and Other Conventional Technologies (2010-2015)
 Table 4-8 Cumulative Total 2010-2015 World Market Shares for Algae Harvesting and Algal Oil Extraction Systems (United States, European Union, Asia)
 Figure 4-7 Estimated Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) for Algal Harvesting and Oil Extraction Versus Cultivation (2010-2015)
 Figure 4-8 Global Market Size for Algae Biofuels Production Facilities (2010-2015) (in million $)
 Table 4-9 Algae Biofuels Production Facility Market Shares
 Table 4-10 World Market Shares for Algae Biofuels Production Facilities (United States, European Union, Asia)
 Figure 4-9 Algae Biofuels Production Facility Market Shares (in million $)

Summary

 Figure 4-10 Estimated Global Algae Biofuels Market (2010-2015) (in million $)

Chapter 5 Algae Biofuels Technologies - Market and Product Trends

Scope
Product Trends and Pricing
Open Pond Cultivation Systems
Photobioreactor Cultivation Systems
Flocculation, Screening and Air Flotation Systems
Centrifugation Systems and Components
Mechanical Oil Pressing Systems and Components
Ultrasound Systems and Components
Electromechanical Oil Extraction Systems and Components
Biodiesel Refineries
Fermentation Systems
Hydrotreating Facilities
Anaerobic Digesters
Gasification Systems

Industry Trends

Industry Participation
Figure 5-1 Number of Algae Biofuels Companies, Global (by year; 1997-2009)
Table 5-1 External Industries and Participants in the Algae Biofuels Industry

Investment Trends

Table 5-2 Near Term Sources of Algae Biofuels Funding
Table 5-3 Algae Biofuels Projects Funded Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) (2009)
Figure 5-2 Venture Capital Raised by Algae Biofuels Companies (1st Quarter 2005 - 2nd Quarter 2010) (in million $)

Industry Research and Development

Figure 5-3 Published Patents and Patent Applications for Algae Photobioreactors (U.S. Patent Office, European Patent Office, World Intellectual Property Organization)
Supplier and Manufacturer Market Activity
Trends and Developments in Other Algae Industries

Financing Trends for Algae Biofuels Industry Projects
Availability of Financing for Facility Construction
Costs and Risks Comparison between Algae Biofuels Projects and other Alternative Biofuels Projects

Biofuels Production and Capacity Rates and Trends

 Biodiesel

Figure 5-4 U.S. Biodiesel Production and Installed Capacity (2005-2010)
Figure 5-5 European Union (EU) Biodiesel Production and Installed Capacity (2005-2010)

Renewable Diesel


Ethanol Fuel
Figure 5-6 U.S. Ethanol Production and Installed Capacity (2005-2010)
Figure 5-7 Ethanol Production in Brazil, European Union, and China (2005-2010)

Biobutanol


Aviation Biofuel
Biomethane
Biogasoline
Hydrogen

Agricultural Biofuels Crop Prices and Demand

Figure 5-8 Global Average Spot Crude Oil Prices (2001-2010)

Summary

Chapter 6 Algae Biofuels and Technologies - Promotion and Distribution

Scope

Algae Biofuels Supply Chain
Figure 6-1. Algae Biofuels Supply Chain
Algae Biofuels Facility Products Supply Chain
Figure 6-2: Bioalgae Cultivation
Figure 6-3: Harvesting and Extraction
Figure 6-4: Refining and Biofuels Production

Algae Biofuels Promotion

Algae Biofuels Demonstration
Algae Biodiesel Vehicle Demonstration
Algae Aviation Biofuel Demonstrations
Algae Biogasoline Demonstration
Algae Biofuels Facility Products Promotion

Summary

Chapter 7 Competitive Profiles

Scope
Methodology and Selection of Profiles
Bayer MaterialScience
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 7-1 Annual Revenues of Bayer MaterialScience, 2005-2009 (in billion €)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Desmet Ballestra
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Georg Fischer
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 7-2 Annual Revenues of Georg Fischer, 2005-2009 (in billion CHF)
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Harvel Plastics
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Personnel Changes
Hielscher
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Innovation
Hydrotec
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 7-3 Annual Revenues of Veolia Water, 2005-2009 (in billion €)
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Praxair
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 7-4 Annual Revenues of Praxair, 2005-2009 (in billion $)
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Siemens Industry
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 7-5 Annual Revenues of Siemens Industry, 2005-2009 (in billion €)

Company News

Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
UOP
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 7-6 Annual Revenues of Honeywell Specialty Materials, 2005-2009 (in billion $)
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
US Centrifuge
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Technology Provider Profiles
Algenol Biofuels
Corporate Background
Technology Profile
Development Projects
OriginOil
Corporate Background
Figure 7-7 Annual Revenues of OriginOil, 2007-2009 (in billion $)
Technology Profile
Development Projects
Solazyme
Corporate Background
Technology Profile
Development Projects
Solix Biofuels
Corporate Background
Technology Profile
Development Projects

Chapter 8 End Users

Scope

Algae Biofuels Technology End Users
Algae Cultivators, Algae Biofuels Technology Providers, and Developers
Figure 8-1 Distribution of U.S. Algae Biofuels Companies by State
Figure 8-2 Distribution of U.S. Algae Biofuels Companies by Region
Figure 8-3 Distribution of Algae Biofuels Companies by Global Region
Figure 8-4 Number of Algae Biofuels Technology End Users (by year; 2001-2010)
Figure 8-5 Current End Users Cultivation System Capacities (by Acreage)
Biofuels Producers and Refiners
Algae Biofuels End Users

Summary

Appendix: Contact Information for Select Suppliers to the Algae Biofuels Industry and Technical Experts

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