ASTM B111 / B111M - 11 standard specification for copper and copper-alloy seamless condenser tubes and ferrule stock
This specification establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys of a specified range of diameters, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The specified coppers and copper alloys are UNS No. C10100, C10200, C10300, C10800, C12000, C12200, C14200, C19200, C23000, C28000, C44300, C44400, C44500, C60800, C61300, C61400, C68700, C70400, C70600, C70620, C71000, C71500, C71520, C71640, and C72200. The product shall be produced by processes such as casting, extrusion, drawing, annealing, straightening, trimming, and other processes which may produce a seamless tube in the specified condition. The coppers and copper alloys shall be specifically furnished in any one of the following tempers: annealed, light-drawn, hard-drawn, or hard drawn and end annealed. Tubes for ferrule stock shall be annealed sufficiently to be fully crystallized. Some tubes are suggested to be subjected to a stress-relieving thermal treatment subsequent to straightening. The products shall be subjected to expansion, flattening, and residual stress tests. The tensile and expansion requirements for the products are specified in accordance with the temper designation. The products shall also be subjected to mercurous nitrate, ammonia vapor, Eddy-current, hydrostatic, and pneumatic tests.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys up to 31/8 in. [80 mm] inclusive, in diameter, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The following coppers and copper alloys are specified: (WarningMercury is a definite health hazard in use and disposal.
1.2 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 19, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)
B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
B154 Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys
B170 Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic Copper--Refinery Shapes
B224 Classification of Coppers
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
B858 Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys
E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials [Metric]
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
E54 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Special Brasses and Bronzes
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E75 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper-Nickel and Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys
E76 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel-Copper Alloys
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
condenser tube; copper; copper alloys; evaporator; ferrule stock; heat exchanger; seamless tube ; UNS No. C10100; UNS No. C10200; UNS No. C10300; UNS No. C10800; UNS No. C12000; UNS No. C12200; UNS No. C14200; UNS No. C19200; UNS No. C23000; UNS No. C28000; UNS No. C44300; UNS No. C44400; UNS No. C44500; UNS No. C60800; UNS No. C61300; UNS No. C61400; UNS No. C68700; UNS No. C70400; UNS No. C70600; UNS No. C70620; UNS No. C71000; UNS No. C71500; UNS No. C71520; UNS No. C71640; UNS No. C72200: Aluminum bronzes--specifications; Brass pipe/tube--specifications; Bronze pipe/tube--specifications; Condenser and heat exchanger systems--copper/copper alloy; UNS C14200--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C19200--tube (seamless) for condensers/heat exchangers; UNS C23000 (red brass, 85%); UNS C23000--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C28000 (Muntz metal, 60 %); UNS C44300 (admiralty, arsenical)--tube; UNS C44400 (admiralty, antimonial (Cu-Zn-Sn)); UNS C44500 (admiralty, phosphorized (Cu-Zn-Sn))--tube; UNS C60800 (aluminum bronze); UNS C61300 (aluminum bronze)--pipe/tube; UNS C61400 (aluminum bronze D)--pipe/tube; UNS C68700 (aluminum brass, aresenical); UNS C70400 (copper-nickel, 5 %); UNS C70600 (Cu-Ni)--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C71000--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); Evaporators/evaporation--specifications; Seamless Cu/Cu alloy tube--specifications; Surface condensers; UNS C10100 (oxygen-free copper)--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers; UNS C10200--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C10300--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C10800--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C12000--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C12200--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers); UNS C71500--tube (for condensers/heat exchangers) ; ICS Number Code 2200; 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes)
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