ASTM C14 - 11 standard specification for nonreinforced concrete sewer, storm drain, and culvert pipe
This specification covers nonreinforced concrete pipe intended to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, storm water, and for the construction of culverts. Pipe manufactured according to this specification shall be of three classes of nonreinforced concrete pipe identified as Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3. These pipes shall conform to the strength requirements given in this specification. The acceptability of the pipe shall be determined by the results of the following tests: strength test; absorption test; permeability test; and hydrostatic test. Concrete design shall conform to the physical and dimensional requirements for minimum wall thickness, and minimum three-edge bearing strength. The concrete shall consist of cementitious materials, mineral aggregates, and water. The aggregates shall be sized, graded, proportioned, and mixed with such proportions of cementitious materials and water as will produce a homogeneous concrete mixture of such quality that the pipe will conform to the test and design requirements of this specification. Pipe shall be subjected to either steam curing, water curing, or membrane curing. Special shapes or fittings such as wyes, tees, bends, and adapters for use with concrete pipe conforming to this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements for concrete pipe of corresponding class and internal diameter. Joints shall be compatible with those used in adjoining concrete pipes. Fabricated branches for wyes and tees shall be securely attached to the wall of the pipe in such a manner as not to restrict or otherwise interfere with the flow characteristics of the pipe.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This covers nonreinforced concrete pipe intended to be used for the conveyance of sewage, industrial wastes, storm water, and for the construction of culverts.
1.2 A complete metric companion to Specification C14 has been developedC14M; therefore, no metric equivalents are presented in this specification.
Note 1—This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only and does not include requirements for bedding, backfill, or the relationship between field load conditions and the strength classification of pipe. However, experience has shown that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the class of pipe, type of bedding and backfill, and care that the installation conforms to the construction specifications. The owner is cautioned that he must correlate the field requirements with the class of pipe specified and provide for or require inspection at the construction site.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)
C33 Specification for Concrete Aggregates
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C309 Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete
C443 Specification for Joints for Concrete Pipe and Manholes, Using Rubber Gaskets
C497 Test Methods for Concrete Pipe, Manhole Sections, or Tile
C595 Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
C618 Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete
C822 Terminology Relating to Concrete Pipe and Related Products
C989 Specification for Slag Cement for Use in Concrete and Mortars
C1116 Specification for Fiber-Reinforced Concrete and Shotcrete
concrete sewer; culvert; nonreinforced; pipe; storm drain: Concrete pipe (nonreinforced)--specifications; Culvert pipe (concrete)--specifications; Sewer pipe (concrete)--specifications; Storm sewer/drainage concrete pipe--specifications
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.