ASTM C428 / C428M - 05(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Nonpressure Sewer Pipe
This specification covers requirements relating to asbestos-cement nonpressure sewer pipes, joints, and fittings suitable for use with gravity flow, intended for sewerage and drainage applications from point of use to point of treatment or disposal. It defines certain conditions of manufacture, classification, characteristics, and acceptance tests applicable to these products. Asbestos-cement pipe furnished under this specification shall be designated as Classes 1500, 2400, 3300, 4000, 5000, 6000, and 7000 based on the respective crushing strengths, and shall be furnished in the designated sizes. The pipes shall also be classified in two types (I and II) in accordance with the amount of uncombined calcium hydroxide. Materials shall be sampled, tested, and conform accordingly to the following physical requirements: crushing strength, flexural strength, joint tightness, straight alignment, maximum deflected position, and dimensions.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers requirements relating to asbestos-cement nonpressure sewer pipe, joints, and fittings suitable for use with gravity flow, intended for sewerage and drainage applications from point of use to point of treatment or disposal. It defines certain conditions of manufacture, classification, characteristics, and acceptance tests applicable to these products.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
Note 1—Rubber rings suitable for use with this pipe are covered in Specification D1869.
Note 2—As general guidance to achieve safe and clean construction-site conditions when working with asbestos-cement pipe products, the procedures covered in AWWA No. M-16 shall be followed.
Note 3—This specification is issued for product standardization and purchasing purposes only, and does not include requirements for installation or the relationships between operating conditions and the strength characteristics of the various classifications of pipe. The purchaser is cautioned that he must correlate installation and operating conditions with the specified characteristics of the pipe.
1.3 WarningBreathing of asbestos dust is hazardous. Asbestos and asbestos products present demonstrated health risks for users and for those with whom they come into contact. In addition to other precautions, when working with asbestos-cement products minimize the dust that results. For information on the safe use of chrysoltile asbestos, refer to “Safe Use of Chrysotile: A Manual on Preventive and Control Measures.”
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific safety hazard, see 1.3. ^REFERENCE
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C458 Test Method for Organic Fiber Content of Asbestos-Cement Products
C500 Test Methods for Asbestos-Cement Pipe
C595 Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
C618 Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete
D1869 Specification for Rubber Rings for Asbestos-Cement Pipe
No. 123 Marking for Domestic Shipment (Civilian Agencies)
No. 129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
Uniform Freight Classification Rules
National Motor Freight Classification Rules
M-16 Work Practices for Asbestos-Cement Pipe
asbestos-cement; drainage; nonpressure; pipe; sewer;
ICS Number Code 23.040.50 (Pipes and fittings of other materials)
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