ASTM D3306 - 11 Standard Specification for Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Automobile and Light-Duty Service

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Source: ASTM International

1. Scope

1.1 This specification covers the requirements for ethylene glycol or propylene glycol base engine coolants used in automobiles or other light duty service cooling systems. When concentrates are used at 40 to 70 % concentration by volume in water, or when prediluted glycol base engine coolants (50 volume % minimum) are used without further dilution, they will function effectively to provide protection against freezing, boiling, and corrosion.

1.2 The coolants governed by this specification are categorized as follows

Coolant Type: Description

I: Ethylene glycol base concentrate
II: Propylene glycol base concentrate
V: Ethylene glycol base concentrate
containing glycerin

III: Ethylene glycol predilute (50 vol %)
IV: Propylene glycol predilute (50 vol %)
VI: Ethylene glycol base predilute
containing glycerin (50 vol %)

Note 1—This specification is based on the knowledge of the performance of engine coolants prepared from new or virgin ingredients. This specification shall also apply to engine coolants prepared using glycol generated from recycled or reprocessed used coolant or reprocessed industrial-source glycol, provided that said glycol meets the requirements of Specification E1177. Separate specifications (D6471 and D6472) exist for engine coolants prepared from recycled or reprocessed used coolant or reprocessed industrial-source glycol that does not meet the requirements established in Specification E1177. This specification shall also apply to glycol based engine coolants prepared using fully refined glycerin provided that said glycerin meets the requirements for Specification D7640.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)

ASTM Standards
D512 Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water
D516 Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water
D1119 Test Method for Percent Ash Content of Engine Coolants
D1120 Test Method for Boiling Point of Engine Coolants
D1121 Test Method for Reserve Alkalinity of Engine Coolants and Antirusts
D1122 Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Engine Coolants By The Hydrometer
D1123 Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
D1126 Test Method for Hardness in Water
D1177 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aqueous Engine Coolants
D1287 Test Method for pH of Engine Coolants and Antirusts
D1293 Test Methods for pH of Water
D1384 Test Method for Corrosion Test for Engine Coolants in Glassware
D1881 Test Method for Foaming Tendencies of Engine Coolants in Glassware
D1882 Test Method for Effect of Cooling System Chemical Solutions on Organic Finishes for Automotive Vehicles
D2570 Test Method for Simulated Service Corrosion Testing of Engine Coolants
D2809 Test Method for Cavitation Corrosion and Erosion-Corrosion Characteristics of Aluminum Pumps With Engine Coolants
D3321 Test Method for Use of the Refractometer for Field Test Determination of the Freezing Point of Aqueous Engine Coolants
D3634 Test Method for Trace Chloride Ion in Engine Coolants
D4327 Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D4340 Test Method for Corrosion of Cast Aluminum Alloys in Engine Coolants Under Heat-Rejecting Conditions
D4725 Terminology for Engine Coolants
D4985 Specification for Low Silicate Ethylene Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Heavy Duty Engines Requiring a Pre-Charge of Supplemental Coolant Additive (SCA)
D5827 Test Method for Analysis of Engine Coolant for Chloride and Other Anions by Ion Chromatography
D5931 Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Aqueous Engine Coolants by Digital Density Meter
D6130 Test Method for Determination of Silicon and Other Elements in Engine Coolant by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
D6210 Specification for Fully-Formulated Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Heavy-Duty Engines
D6471 Specification for Recycled Prediluted Aqueous Glycol Base Engine Coolant (50 Volume % Minimum) for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
D6472 Specification for Recycled Glycol Base Engine Coolant Concentrate for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
D6660 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aqueous Ethylene Glycol Base Engine Coolants by Automatic Phase Transition Method
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E394 Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the 1,10-Phenanthroline Method
E1177 Specification for Engine Coolant Grade Glycol

Other Documents
FederalMethod2540B Total Dissolved Solids Dried at 103-105C

Index Terms

engine coolant; engine coolant concentrate; ethylene glycol; glycerol; glycerine; light duty engine coolant; prediluted engine coolant; propylene glycol;  1,2,3-propane diol; Aqueous engine coolant; Ethylene glycol--specifications; Engine coolants/concentrates--specifications; Light duty engine service--specifications; Propylene glycol

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 71.100.45 (Refrigerants and antifreezes)

DOI: 10.1520/D3306-11

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