ASTM D4504 - 94(2011) standard specification for molded polyethylene open-head-pails for industrial shipping of nonhazardous goods
This specification establishes the performance requirements and test methods for molded polyethylene open-head, self-supporting, and nonreusable pails used in packaging and transporting nonhazardous goods. The products for packaging in the open-head pails may be in liquid, solid, past, granular, or powder form. Each pail is classified as either pails for liquids or pails for nonliquids. Materials for the manufacture of the pails should be compatible with the intended contents. Carbon black or other suitable pigments may be used for ultraviolet protection if needed. Each pail should conform to the required values of capacity, closure, drop strength, stacking strength, amount of column stack vibratioin, compatibility permeation, resistance to environmental stress cracking, and other special requirements.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers molded polyethylene, open-head, self-supporting, nonreusable pails intended for the packaging and transportation of nonhazardous goods. Pails are to have volume capacities between 1 and 7 gal (3.8 to 26.5 L).
1.2 Pails intended to contain hazardous goods (materials) shall be in accordance with and tested to United States Department of Transportation Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 49, Parts (100–199).
1.3 The purpose of this specification is to establish performance requirements and test methods for molded open-head polyethylene pails.
1.4 Additives for the resin used and design of the pails are left to the discretion of the supplier, within the allowable limits of regulatory and performance requirements.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.6 The following safety hazards caveat pertains to the test method portions, Section 10, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
D999 Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
D1972 Practice for Generic Marking of Plastic Products
D1975 Test Method for Environmental Stress Crack Resistance of Plastic Injection Molded Open-Head Pails
D4577 Test Method for Compression Resistance of a Container Under Constant Load
D5276 Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
column stack vibration; compatibility; drop test; hazardous; open-head pails; permeability; polyethylene; repetitive shock; stacking strength test; stress crack resistance; vibration test: Column stack vibration; Compatibility; Drop tests--shipping containers; Nonhazardous materials/applications; Open-head pails; Pails; Plastic shipping materials/applications--specifications; Permeation; Polyethylene (PE)--specifications; Repetitive shock; Shipping containers/materials/applications--specifications; Stacking test; Strength--shipping materials/applications; Stress--plastics; Stress cracking tests; Vibration test--packaging/shipping materials;
ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)
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