ASTM D7398 - 11 standard test method for boiling range distribution of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in the boiling range from 100 to 615°c by gas chromatography

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Source: ASTM International

Significance and Use

The boiling range distribution of FAMES provides an insight into the composition of product related to the transesterification process. This gas chromatographic determination of boiling range can be used to replace conventional distillation methods for product specification testing with the mutual agreement of interested parties.

Biodiesel (FAMES) exhibits a boiling point rather than a distillation curve. The fatty acid chains in the raw oils and fats from which biodiesel is produced are mainly comprised of straight chain hydrocarbons with 16 to 18 carbons that have similar boiling temperatures. The atmospheric boiling point of biodiesel generally ranges from 330 to 357°C. The Specification D6751 value of 360°C max at 90 % off by Test Method D1160 was incorporated as an precaution to ensure the fuel has not been adulterated with high boiling contaminants.

1. Scope

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the boiling range distribution of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). This test method is applicable to FAMES (biodiesel, B100) having an initial boiling point greater than 100°C and a final boiling point less than 615°C at atmospheric pressure as measured by this test method.

1.2 The test method can also be applicable to blends of diesel and biodiesel (B1 through B100), however precision for these samples types has not been evaluated.

1.3 The test method is not applicable for analysis of petroleum containing low molecular weight components (for example naphthas, reformates, gasolines, crude oils).

1.4 Boiling range distributions obtained by this test method are not equivalent to results from low efficiency distillation such as those obtained with Test Method D86 or D1160, especially the initial and final boiling points.

1.5 This test method uses the principles of simulated distillation methodology. See Test Methods D2887, D6352, and D7213.

1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)

ASTM Standards
D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure
D1160 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure
D2887 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
D2892 Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
D6352 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174 to 700C by Gas Chromatography
D6751 Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
D7213 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 to 615C by Gas Chromatography
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs

Index Terms

biodiesel; boiling range distribution; distillation; FAME; gas chromatography; petroleum; simulated distillation;

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

DOI: 10.1520/D7398-11

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